Bitumen emulsion ndi kupanga kwake kwabwino

Bitumen emulsion ndi kupanga kwake kwabwino
Bitumen emulsion ndi kupanga kwake kwabwino
Anonim

Nthawi zambiri, emulsion ya phula imagwiritsidwa ntchito pochiza phula ndi kutsekereza madzi kwazinthu zosiyanasiyana - mtundu wa dongosolo lomwe tinthu tating'onoting'ono ta gawo lalikulu timawonetsedwa mu gawo lamadzi mu mawonekedwe azinthu zosiyana. Kuti chilengedwe chotere chisakhale ndi gluing, mitundu yonse ya zowonjezera zimagwiritsidwa ntchito mwakhama - emulsifiers. Sitingatsutse kuti kutsekereza madzi kwa bituminous ndikopindulitsa pankhani yopulumutsa zinthu komanso kusunga chilengedwe. Nthawi zambiri, akatswiri pantchito amakumana ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya zinthu zoyambira. Pamenepa, zolembedwazo zitha kusiyana kwambiri wina ndi mnzake pamakhalidwe.

bituminous emulsion

Emulsion iliyonse ya bituminous imafuna kuwonjezeredwa kwa zosungunulira, ndipo kuchuluka kwake kuyenera kukhala kolondola. Apo ayi, mpweya wa zigawo zikuluzikulu kapena kusungunuka kochuluka kwa kusakaniza kungathe kuchitika. Zosungunulira zimagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati wothandizira omwe amachepetsa kukhuthala kwa makulidwe ake. Pankhani ya madzi omwe ali muchitetezo chamadzi chotere, zosakaniza za cationic sizimamva kuwonjezereka kwa voliyumu kuposa ma anionic. Otsiriza a iwochitani mwamphamvu ndi kuchuluka kwa zonyansa zomwe zili mumadzimadzi owonjezera.

Bitumen emulsion chomera

Popanga zosakaniza, kuyika kwapadera kwa kupanga emulsion ya bitumen kumagwiritsidwa ntchito, yomwe imakhala ndi zovuta. Amakhala: wagawo waukulu ndi colloid mphero, kachitidwe magetsi kulamulira, mizere dosing madzi ndi phula, muli zosungira zinthu zosiyanasiyana, komanso mapaipi ndi mapampu. Ntchitoyi ikuchitika molingana ndi mfundo yosakaniza bwino, zomwe zikutanthauza kuti emulsification yowonjezera ya kapangidwe kake. Ubwino wa mankhwala omaliza umadalira kwambiri kusakanikirana kwa kusakaniza ndi kuchiritsiratu.

Bituminous kutsekereza madzi

Pafupifupi zida zonse zimapangidwa ndi zinthu zosawononga, zomwe zimalola kuti munthu azitha kugwira bwino ntchito. Izi ndizowona makamaka pamagulu ndi magawo omwe amalumikizana mwachindunji ndi chilengedwe chamadzi. Pakalipano, zida zokhazokha zimagwiritsidwa ntchito, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti munthu apeze mankhwala abwino pamene emulsion ya phula imakwaniritsa zofunikira zonse. Kuchuluka ndi mawonekedwe azinthu amayezedwa ndi masensa apadera. Kutengera kuti mawonekedwe a kusakaniza komalizidwa kumadalira ma emulsifiers, zida zimawonekera mwa kupanga zomwe zimatha kuyamwa zigawo ziwiri mbali ziwiri.

Emulsion ya bituminous isanayambe kuyikidwa pamwamba, gawo lapansi liyenera kukonzedwa bwino. Kuti achite izi, amachotsa zokutira zakale ndi zinyalala zosiyanasiyana pokweza maenje akulu kuposa atatumamilimita. Kenako, priming ikuchitika ndi emulsion zikuchokera. Mtundu wa pamwamba womwe umagwiritsidwa ntchito umakhudza kwambiri kugwiritsira ntchito kusakaniza. Kuyang'ana pakuyika, mutha kuwona kuchuluka kwazinthu zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito. Madzi a mumtsukowo akasanduka nthunzi, filimu yopyapyala ya phula imatsalira pamwamba, kuteteza zokutira lotsatira.

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