Chida chobzala mbatata ndi manja anu. Wobzala mbatata wakunyumba: zojambula

Chida chobzala mbatata ndi manja anu. Wobzala mbatata wakunyumba: zojambula
Chida chobzala mbatata ndi manja anu. Wobzala mbatata wakunyumba: zojambula
Anonim

mbatata ndi imodzi mwazomera zomwe anthu ambiri amakonda. Ndipo chifukwa chake sizosadabwitsa kuti pafupifupi chiwembu chilichonse chamunthu mutha kuwona zobzala zake. Koma madera omwe amaterawa ndi osiyana kwambiri. Ena ali ndi dimba laling'ono, pamene ena ali ndi minda yonse. Ndipo izi siziri chifukwa cha kusiyana kwa kukula kwa nyumba zapanyumba zachilimwe. Udindo wofunikira pankhaniyi umasewera ndi njira yokwerera. Kuchita pamanja ndikovuta komanso kotopetsa. Koma njirayo idzathandizira kwambiri kukhazikitsa ndondomekoyi. Chipangizo chapadera chobzala mbatata ndi manja anu chikhoza kuphatikizidwa, mwachitsanzo, ndi thalakitala yoyenda-kumbuyo kapena thirakitala yaing'ono. Ndipo itha kugwiritsidwa ntchito ngati gawo lapadera. Ganizirani njira zingapo zofananira.

chita-wekha wobzala mbatata

Kukonzekera ntchito

Musanayambe kupanga zida zobzala mbatata ndi manja anu, muyenera kuzidziwa bwino chiphunzitsocho. Pali ntchito zazikulu ziwiri zomwe zakhazikitsidwa pagawoli:

Bzalani machubu a mbatata pamtunda womwewokuchokera kwa wina ndi mzake. Ndikwabwino ngati nthawi imeneyi ingasinthidwe, monganso m'mafakitale ambiri

Kuzama kwa mabowo omwe machubuwo adayikidwa nawonso akhale ofanana. Izi zikuthandizani kuyembekezera nthawi yofanana ya kumera kwa mbewu

chida chobzala mbatata mwachangu

Poganizira izi, mapangidwe onse amapangidwa. Ziyenera kumveka kuti zida zobzala mbatata (pamanja kapena mothandizidwa ndi zida) zimangothandizira kubzala. Koma amafunabe kuti anthu achitepo kanthu.

Pali njira zingapo zopangira. Chomera cha mbatata chopanga kunyumba chikhoza kukhala mzere umodzi, mizere iwiri kapena mizere itatu. Izi zidzatengera mtundu wa chimango chomwe chimagwiritsidwa ntchito kupanga chimango. Chidebe chimamangiriridwa pa chimango, pomwe mizu imatsanuliridwa. Imatha kulemera mpaka 20-30 kg. M'chipinda ichi muli elevator yokhala ndi mbale, yomwe imatsitsa ma tubers m'mabowo okonzedwa.

Kukonzekera zojambula

Wobzala mbatata wodzipangira nokha amasonkhanitsidwa potengera zojambula zomwe zidakonzedweratu ndi zithunzi. Mutha kuzikulitsa nokha ngati muli ndi luso linalake.

Mutha kupeza zambiri zojambula kale za obzala mbatata zamapangidwe osiyanasiyana. Mukhoza kusankha njira yokonzekera. Ndipo mukhoza kutenga chiwembucho ndikuchisintha mwakufuna kwanu komanso kumvetsetsa kwanu. Mulimonsemo, musanayambe ntchito, m'pofunika kuyang'ana miyeso yonse ndi deta. Pokhapokha mutayamba kugwira ntchito.

Zipangizo zogwirira m'manja

Choyamba, tiyeni tiwone zosankha zingapo zomwe zimalolaatsogolere kubzala mbatata, koma amafuna khama. Sali olumikizidwa ndi ukadaulo, koma amakulolani kuti mugwire ntchitoyo pamanja. Zipangizo zobzala mbatata mofananamo ndizosavuta pochita. Koma amathanso kupangidwa mosiyanasiyana.

dzipangireni nokha zojambula zobzala mbatata

Njira yosavuta ndiyo nkhonya yooneka ngati koni. Amakankhidwira m'nthaka mpaka kuya komwe akufunidwa. Zowona, chifukwa cha izi ndikofunikira kuchita zolimbitsa thupi. Pankhaniyi, dzenje limapangidwa m'nthaka, pomwe mbatata imagwa. Mukachotsa nkhonya, bowolo limadzazidwa.

Njira yachiwiri ndikuwongola bwino pang'ono. Zimapangidwa ndi chitoliro chachitsulo, mapeto ake omwe amadulidwa pamtunda. Chidebe cha mbatata chimamangiriridwa pamwamba. Valve imapangidwa pa chitoliro. Chitolirocho chimayendetsedwa pansi ndikupendekeka kuti valavu itseguke. Mbatata yochokera pamwamba imagwera padzenje lomwe lilipo. Mbatata zimatsalira pansi ndipo zimakwiriridwa chitoliro chikachotsedwa.

Mtundu wina wa chobzala mbatata chodzipangira kunyumba unkadziwika kuti "mlomo wa khwangwala" chifukwa chofanana. "Mlomo" umakankhidwira pansi motsekedwa. Mukatsegula “mlomo”, tuber imaponyedwa pamenepo, yomwe imakhala pansi.

Zosankha zogwiritsa ntchito pang'ono

Gululi lili ndi chida chobzala mbatata mwachangu, zowoneka ngati ngolo wamba yokhala ndi gudumu limodzi. Njirayi ndi yoyenera kumadera ofewa omwe adakonzedwa kale.

zida zobzala mbatata pamanja

Mu trolley, gudumu limasinthidwa ndi chodulira chozungulira, chomwe chimatha kukhala ndi zigawo zingapo nthawi imodzi (mwachitsanzo, zinayi). Mbatata amatsanuliridwa mu ngolo. Kuchokera pamenepo, ma tubers amagwera m'zipinda zodula. Mukasuntha chifukwa cha kusinthasintha kwa wodula, ma tubers amakhala pansi. Dziwani kuti kutera kumafuna khama. Kuti izi zitheke, chogwirira china chimawotchedwa kutsogolo kwa kapangidwe kake. Zimalola anthu awiri kusuntha chipangizochi.

Lamulo la kagwiritsidwe ntchito ka zosankha zamakina

Pawekha, mutha kulumikiza zida zoyenera kulumikizana ndi makina. Mwachitsanzo, kwa motoblock. Wobzala mbatata pankhaniyi adzakhala ndi mapangidwe ovuta kwambiri. Kusinthasintha kwa magawo ake payekhapayekha kudzatengera kayendetsedwe ka injini yagalimotoyo.

Ekisesi imamangirizidwa ku chimango, pomwe nyenyezi imayikidwapo. Pamwamba pang'ono, asterisk ina imakhazikika, yomwe imagwirizanitsidwa ndi yapitayi pogwiritsa ntchito unyolo. Pamene thirakitala imayenda ndipo mawilo ake akuzungulira, ekseliyo imayamba kusinthasintha. Chifukwa cha izi, sprocket yapamwamba imazungulira kudzera mumayendedwe a unyolo. Makapu amakhazikika pa unyolo, momwe mizu yake imagwera kuchokera ku bunker. Pozungulira, makapu amanyamula mbatata mu nthaka. Monga mukuonera, sikovuta kusonkhanitsa chipangizo chodzala mbatata ndi manja anu. Mutatola chojambulira choyenera ndikupeza zida zofunika, mutha kuyamba kugwira ntchito.

chobzala mbatata kunyumba

Zida ndi zida zofunika

Kuti mupange chobzala mbatata nokhaidzagwira ntchito limodzi ndi thirakitala yoyenda-kumbuyo (thirakitala yaying'ono), mudzafunika zida izi:

chanelo chachitsulo (square pipe or angle);

bunker (thanki yochokera ku makina ochapira akale ndiyoyenera, itha kupangidwa kuchokera ku pepala lachitsulo kapena plywood wandiweyani);

nyenyezi ziwiri;

chain;

mawilo (makamaka zitsulo) kapena zinthu zopangira

Kuti mugwire ntchitoyo, mufunika chopukusira chokhala ndi mawilo odulira zitsulo, makina owotcherera okhala ndi maelekitirodi ndi zida zina zomwe mwiniwake aliyense ali nazo mugalaja. Kulumikizana kwazinthu zachitsulo kumachitika ndi kuwotcherera. Mutha kulumikiza chilichonse ndi mabawuti, koma izi siziwonjezera kudalirika komanso kusasunthika pamapangidwewo.

Ntchito ikuchitika

Kupanga chodzipangira nokha chobzala mbatata kumayamba ndikukonza chimango. Kuti muchite izi, gwiritsani ntchito chitoliro chachitsulo. Kenako, konzani mawilo. Mawilo achitsulo sangatengeke ngati nthaka ili yotayirira. Zitha kupangidwa paokha pazitsulo zachitsulo. Ndikwabwino kugwiritsa ntchito botolo la gasi. Kuchokera pamenepo muyenera kudula mphete ziwiri (pafupifupi 15 cm mulifupi), kunja komwe grouser imawotchedwa. Mkati, singano zoluka zimapangidwa kuchokera kuzitsulo zachitsulo, mapaipi kapena mbale. Mapangidwe awo alibe kanthu.

chobzala mbatata poyenda-kumbuyo thalakitala

Kenako, ma chain drive akukonzedwa, okhala ndi ma sprocket awiri ndi unyolo wowalumikiza. Ndikwabwino kunyamula zida zamakina akale aulimi. Zosankha zanjinga sizigwira ntchito. Zogwirizira zimawotchedwa pa unyolo mu mawonekedwemakapu okhala ndi mainchesi 5-6, omwe amakweza ma tubers.

Bomba limapangidwa pamwamba pa chimango, pomwe mbatata zimatsanulidwa. Bipod ndi yosavuta kupanga. Zovuta zikhoza kubwera popanga hiller. Chifukwa chake, ndikosavuta kutenga ma disc kuchokera kuukadaulo wakale.

Kumaliza

Chomaliza popanga chobzala mbatata cha thirakitala yoyenda kumbuyo ndikuchipangitsa kuti chiwoneke bwino. Kuti muchite izi, zowotcherera zimatsukidwa, ngati izi sizinachitike nthawi yomweyo. Kamangidwe katsukidwa ndi dothi ndi dzimbiri. Kuti izikhala nthawi yayitali, ziyenera kupakidwa utoto ndi penti.

Mutu Wodziwika