Flower diascia: kukula kuchokera ku mbewu, kufalitsa ndi kudula, chisamaliro, maluwa

Kulima 2022
Flower diascia: kukula kuchokera ku mbewu, kufalitsa ndi kudula, chisamaliro, maluwa
Flower diascia: kukula kuchokera ku mbewu, kufalitsa ndi kudula, chisamaliro, maluwa
Anonim

M'chilengedwe, diascia imapezeka m'zigwa ndi madera amapiri kumwera kwa Africa. Chomera cha herbaceous ichi chimagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri popanga malo. Imabzalidwa mumiphika, madengu olendewera, mbiya, zoyikidwa pa mixborders ndi miyala minda. M'mphepete mwa njira zamaluwa, ma curbs ndi nsanja, mutha kuwonanso kukongola kotchedwa diascia. Kukula kuchokera ku njere ndiyo njira yayikulu yofalitsira mbewuyi yomwe imagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi wamaluwa. Masiku ano, pali mitundu yambiri ya maluwa a herbaceous omwe akugulitsidwa: odulidwa, ndevu, ankhanza, ndi zina zotero. mbewu, chisamaliro, njira zofalitsira, ndi zina. d.).

ndemanga za diascia

Mafotokozedwe

Kutalika kwa duwa kumatha kufika masentimita makumi awiri ndi asanu. M'miyezi yoyamba mbewuyo imakhala yowongoka. Kenako mphukira zake zimayamba kukula pang’onopang’ono, n’kukhala chitsamba chotambalala. Masamba a diasia ndi ochepa kwambiri,chonyezimira, chobiriwira chakuda. Masamba nawonso ndi ang'onoang'ono, koma pali ochepa chabe. Chomeracho chimayamba kuphuka kuyambira pakati pa masika ndipo chimakondweretsa maso a wamaluwa mpaka kuzizira kwambiri. Kutengera mitundu, mtundu wa maluwawo ukhoza kukhala wosiyana kwambiri (woyera, wofiira, wa apricot, pinki, etc.). Kuwala ndi kutentha ndi zinthu zofunika kwambiri pakukula kwa duwa lakummwera ili.

Diascia: kumera kuchokera kumbewu

diascia kukula kuchokera ku mbewu

Chomera cha herbaceous ichi chimaonedwa kuti ndi chosafunikira. Mbewu zazing'ono za diascia zimafesedwa kumayambiriro kwa kasupe m'mitsuko ndi dothi. Ndikoyenera kuphimba pamwamba pa zotengera ndi galasi. +17 madigiri amaonedwa kuti ndi kutentha kwabwino kwambiri pakukula kwa maluwa. Popeza njere ndi zazing'ono, ziyenera kusakanikirana ndi mchenga. Izi zidzagawanitsa mbewu pamtunda wa nthaka. Sikoyenera kuzikuza. Kuthirira mbewu kungatheke popopera mbewu mankhwalawa. Patatha milungu iwiri mutabzala, mphukira zoyamba zitha kuwoneka. mbande zitakhala zolimba pang'ono, ziyenera kusunthidwa kuti zisiyanitse miphika. M'nyumba, mbewuyo ikulimbikitsidwa kusungidwa kutentha kwa 12 mpaka 16 digiri Celsius. Kumayambiriro kwa masiku otentha, akhoza kuchotsedwa kwa kanthawi. Ngakhale kukula kwake kwakung'ono, diascia sizizira kwambiri. Choncho, kumapeto kwa kasupe, ziyenera kubzalidwa poyera. Masamba oyamba amayamba kuoneka penapake pakati pa chilimwe. Ndipo mpaka nthawi yophukira, dimba lanu kapena dimba lakutsogolo lidzakongoletsedwa ndi diascia wokongola. Kukula ku mbewu, ena odziwa wamaluwa amachita mwachindunji mumalo otseguka. Koma izi ndizotheka kokha pambuyo pa kutha kwa chisanu. Pamenepa, mbewuyo idzayamba kuphuka osati kale kuposa August.

Propagation by cuttings

Ndondomekoyi ikulimbikitsidwa kuti ichitidwe kumapeto kwenikweni kwa chilimwe. Zodulidwa za tsinde zimadulidwa ku mbewu, zomwe pambuyo pake zimazika mu gawo lotayirira, lopepuka. Pazifukwa izi, kusakaniza kwa peat-mchenga ndikoyenera kwambiri. M'nyengo yozizira, zodulidwa ziyenera kusungidwa m'chipinda chozizira, koma chopanda chisanu. M'chaka, amatha kuziika pamalo otseguka. Komanso, tikulimbikitsidwa kusankha malo okhala bwino, otsekedwa ndi mphepo ndikuyang'ana kum'mwera.

kulima diascia

Kusamala

Duwa la diasia limamveka bwino ponse pa nthaka yotseguka komanso mu vase ya pakhonde. M'nyengo yotentha, mbewuyo imakonda kuthirira kwambiri. Komabe, muyeneranso kusamalira ngalande zabwino, chifukwa madzi osasunthika mumphika ndi osavomerezeka. M'nyengo yozizira, diascia iyenera kuthiriridwa pang'ono. Kamodzi pa milungu iwiri kapena itatu iliyonse, feteleza wamadzimadzi opangira maluwa ayenera kuikidwa m'nthaka. Koma musagwiritse ntchito mavalidwe apamwamba, chifukwa izi zingayambitse kukula kwa masamba ndi zimayambira kuwononga maluwa. Kudulira masamba omwe akuzimiririka ndi kukanikiza pambuyo pa mizu ndizofunikira kuti mbewu yonse ikule bwino monga diascia. Kulima mbewu iyi ndi bwino kumachita osati chonde, koma dothi lotayirira. Chisakanizo cha peat yonyowa, mchenga wouma ndi dothi la dimba (mofanana mofanana) ndilabwino pazifukwa izi.

duwadiascia

Maluwa

Kuphukira kwa mphukira kumachitika molawirira, masabata asanu ndi atatu kapena asanu ndi anayi mutabzala m'nthaka. M'nyumba wowonjezera kutentha, ndikusunga kutentha kwa madigiri +19, mphukira zazing'ono zimawonekera patatha masiku khumi ndi anayi. Ndikofunikira kutsina mphukira zatsopano kangapo nthawi yonse yakukula. Chifukwa cha izi, tchire lidzaphuka bwino. Kutalikitsa nthawi yamaluwa momwe mungathere, masamba akale pamodzi ndi tsinde ayenera kudulidwa, kusiya nthambi pafupifupi 5 mpaka 7 centimita. Kuthirira kochuluka komanso kuvala pamwamba ndizomwe zimafunikira pakukula ndikukula kwa mbewu monga diasia. Ndemanga za wamaluwa, ngakhale kuti duwalo limatengedwa kuti ndi losatha, limasonyeza kuti m'madera athu amadziwonetsera ngati pachaka. Chowonadi ndi chakuti pokhala pamalo otseguka, chomeracho sichilekerera chisanu choopsa. Choncho, ngati mukufuna kupulumutsa duwa, m'nyengo yozizira ayenera kuziika mu mphika wamaluwa ndikubweretsa m'chipinda chozizira. Pavuli paki, diascia akhoza kuikidwanso pamalo otseguka.

Mutu Wodziwika