Kodi mungamere bwanji duwa kuchokera ku mbewu? Kodi maluwa amabzalidwa bwanji ndi mbewu?

Kulima 2022
Kodi mungamere bwanji duwa kuchokera ku mbewu? Kodi maluwa amabzalidwa bwanji ndi mbewu?
Kodi mungamere bwanji duwa kuchokera ku mbewu? Kodi maluwa amabzalidwa bwanji ndi mbewu?
Anonim

Kulima maluwa kuchokera kumbewu ndi ntchito yovuta. Kuti duwa libadwe, pamafunika kuleza mtima, khama komanso nthawi. Chidziwitso china m'derali chidzakhalanso chothandiza. M'nkhaniyi, muphunzira momwe mungakulire duwa kuchokera kumbewu. Mitundu yosiyanasiyana yamavuto ndi zovuta zitha kubuka panthawiyi.

momwe mungakulire duwa kuchokera ku mbewu

Chotero, m'pofunika kuchita mwaluso komanso molondola njira zonse zoweta zomera zokongola zamtunduwu.

Zotengera zobzala

Mbeu za rozi zimakololedwa bwino kuchokera ku masamba omwe asandulika kuwala, manyazi atsopano. Sitikulimbikitsidwa kuzula ma inflorescence apinki kwathunthu. Chowonadi ndi chakuti kumera kwa mbewu zokhwima mokwanira kumakhala kochepa kwambiri. Kuti muchotse njere za duwa, muyenera mosamala, pang'onopang'ono, kudula chipatsocho mu magawo awiri ndi mpeni wakuthwa. Ndiye mosamala, kulekana ndi zamkati, kuchotsa njere popanda kuwononga iwo. Nthawi zambiri mbewu zimabwera mumitundu yosiyanasiyana. Simuyenera kuda nkhawa ndi izi, kungoti ena ndi osakhwima mokwanira. Mbeuzi ndizoyeneranso kulimidwa.

Ikukonzanyemba

Kulima maluwa kuchokera kumbewu, muyenera kukwaniritsa zofunikira zingapo. Choyamba, mbewu zomwe zasonkhanitsidwa ziyenera kuyikidwa mu sieve ndikutsitsa kwa mphindi makumi awiri mu yankho la hydrogen peroxide. Izi ndizofunikira kuti nkhungu isapangidwe pa iwo panthawi yosungira. Mutha kuchiza gauze ndi yankho la peroxide, pomwe mutha kuyala mbewuzo, kuziphimba kuchokera pamwamba ndi nsalu yoviikidwa mu wothandizila yemweyo. Pambuyo pake, zinthu zomwe zakonzedwa kuti zisungidwe ziyenera kusamutsidwa ku thumba la pulasitiki ndikuyika mugawo la masamba mufiriji.

kubzala mbewu za duwa

Kumeneko adzakhala pa kutentha kwake koyenera pa +5 digiri.

Kubzala maluwa ndi njere ndizovuta kwambiri. Nthawi zonse, masiku khumi mpaka khumi ndi asanu, muyenera kuyang'ana momwe mbewu zilili. Pachizindikiro choyamba cha nkhungu, ayenera kuthiridwanso mu hydrogen peroxide. Pambuyo pake, mbewuzo ziyenera kukulungidwa mu thonje latsopano kapena swab yopyapyala, ndikuyika mu thumba loyera ndikuyika mufiriji. Mwezi umodzi ndi theka mpaka miyezi iwiri mutagona, monga lamulo, mphukira zoyamba zimawonekera.

Landing

Kodi mungamere bwanji duwa kuchokera ku mbewu? Gawo lofunika kwambiri komanso lodalirika latha. Tsopano muyenera kubzala mbande mumiphika yanu kapena mapiritsi a peat. Pofuna kupewa mapangidwe otchedwa mwendo wakuda, pamwamba pa dziko lapansi payenera kukhala mulch ndi wosanjikiza wa perlite. Olima maluwa ena amalimbikitsa kuchitira zinthuzo ndi zolimbikitsa kukula musanabzale. Izi zidzafulumizitsa kuphukira kwa mphukira zoyamba ndi kukula konse.

Kusamala

Zambiri+ 10-14 madigiri amaonedwa ngati kutentha kwabwino kwa mbewu kumera. Ndibwino kuti musalole kuwala kwa dzuwa pamaluwa.

rose polyanthus yomera kuchokera ku mbewu

Choncho, malo omwe maluwawo ali akuyenera kupangidwa ndi mithunzi. Kuti zikule bwino, mbewu zimafunikira maola khumi masana. Chifukwa chake, ndikofunikira kwambiri kuwapatsa zowunikira zowonjezera.

Nthaka iyenera kuthiriridwa ikauma. Nthawi ndi nthawi, muyenera kutulutsa mpweya m'chipinda chomwe maluwawo amakhala. Mphukira zoyamba zikayamba, ndikofunikira kusamutsa miphika yamaluwa ndi zomera kumalo owala, ozizira. Komabe, kuwala kwadzuwa sikoyenera kwa maluwa ang'onoang'ono.

Transfer

Chifukwa chake tidapeza funso la momwe tingakulire duwa kuchokera kumbewu. Zimatsalira kusankha mbande zabwino kwambiri, zamphamvu komanso ngakhale mbande ndikuzibzala mumphika wamaluwa wosiyana. Mbande zokhotakhota, zonyansa kapena zofooka ziyenera kutayidwa nthawi yomweyo. M'chaka choyamba cha maluwa, maluwa amatha kukhala osawoneka bwino. Ndipo izi sizodabwitsa.

mbewu za maluwa

Kupatula apo, kukula kwakukulu ndi kukula kwa mmera kumachitika mchaka chachiwiri kapena chachitatu mutabzala.

Mphukira yoyamba imatha miyezi iwiri ikamalizidwa. Pambuyo pa masabata atatu, monga lamulo, maluwa aang'ono amapanga. Tsopano zatsala kuyang'anira kukula kwawo, kudyetsa ndi feteleza yaing'ono (yosungunuka) ndikuthirira. M'nyengo yamasika, tchire laling'ono likhoza kubzalidwa m'munda.

Angel Wings

Chizindikiro ichi cha ku China ndi chonyozeka. Duwa limatha kukula bwino poyeranthaka, komanso m'nyumba. Sikoyenera kugonjera mbewu za zomera ku stratification. Momwe mungakulire duwa kuchokera ku mbewu? Ikani zobzala mumiphika yaing'ono yodzaza ndi gawo lapansi lonyowa lotayirira. Pang'ono pang'ono ndikunyowetsa dziko lapansi, ndikuphimba mphika wamaluwa ndi thumba lapulasitiki. Kuti ikule bwino, duwa limafunikira kutentha kosachepera madigiri 16. Monga lamulo, masabata khumi mutabzala mbewu pansi, maluwa amapezeka. Mu Epulo-Meyi, tchire litha kubzalidwa pamalo otseguka.

Rose polyanthus

Kukula kuchokera kumbewu kumafuna kusanja kovomerezeka. Koma zambiri pambuyo pake. Chifukwa chake, duwa la polyanthus, ngakhale lili laling'ono (pafupifupi masentimita 50), limawonedwa ngati chomera cholimba m'nyengo yozizira. Iye ndi m'modzi mwa atsogoleri mu kuchuluka kwa maluwa.

maluwa ku mbewu

M'chilimwe, masamba ang'onoang'ono amapangidwa patchire, osonkhanitsidwa mu racemose kapena corymbose inflorescences. Mpaka maluwa 100 amatha kupanga pachomera chachikulu.

Polyanthus rose ikumva bwino panja. Komabe, olima maluwa ena amalima chomerachi ngati chikhalidwe champhika (njira ya mmera). Mbeu za rose zimafunikira stratification. Mbewuzo ziyenera kuikidwa mu gawo lapansi lonyowa, kuwaza ndi dothi lonyowa ndikuphatikiza nthaka. Pankhaniyi, bokosi lomwe lili ndi mbewu liyenera kuphimbidwa mwamphamvu ndi thumba la pulasitiki. Mbewu nthawi ndi nthawi zimafunika kupopera madzi kuchokera mu botolo lopopera.

Choyamba, tikulimbikitsidwa kusiya mbewuyo m'chipindamo kwa milungu iwiri, kenako ndikusunthira kumalo ozizira (+7 madigiri). Kawirikawiristratification kumatenga pafupifupi miyezi iwiri. Kutera pansi kuyenera kuchitika m'nyengo yozizira, kuti chikhalidwe chokongoletsera chikhale ndi nthawi yolimba komanso kukula bwino. Mbeu zoyamba zikawoneka, duwalo liyenera kuyikidwa mumphika waukulu wamaluwa. Zomera zamtunduwu zimakonda dothi lachonde komanso malo opanda dzuwa. Nthawi ndi nthawi, duwa liyenera kudyetsedwa ndi feteleza zovuta, zothirira nthawi zonse. M'dzinja, duwa liyenera kudulidwa. Dziwani kuti mbewu iyi, yomwe idakula kuchokera ku mbewu, imatha kuphuka m'chaka chachiwiri. Pambuyo pake, adzasangalatsa eni ake ndi masamba okongola modabwitsa kuyambira Juni mpaka chisanu.

Mutu Wodziwika