Ficus Bengal: chisamaliro, kubereka, kukula

Kulima 2022
Ficus Bengal: chisamaliro, kubereka, kukula
Ficus Bengal: chisamaliro, kubereka, kukula
Anonim

Ficus bengalis ndi mtengo wobiriwira nthawi zonse, womwe umakondedwa ndi alimi amaluwa chifukwa cha kudzichepetsa kwake pakulima komanso wawukulu, wowoneka bwino mpaka masamba okhudza.

Bengal ficus m'malo achilengedwe

Wobadwa ku nkhalango zamvula komanso m'munsi mwa mapiri a India, Thailand, Malaysia ndi Burma, mtengowu umatha kukula modabwitsa ndipo umadziwika ndi mizu yambiri yamlengalenga yomwe imasanduka mitengo ikuluikulu. Korona wa chitsanzo chachikulu kwambiri ndi mamita 350 m'mimba mwake ndipo ili ndi mizu yoposa zikwi zitatu.

ficus bengal

Zina zimauma, zotsala zimamira pansi, kumera mizu, kukhala ngati mitengo ikuluikulu yobereka, kenako kupanga mphukira zam'mbali. Kunja, mtundu wotere wa Bengal umapanga mawonekedwe a nkhalango yaying'ono: yomwe imaphimba dera la mahekitala angapo, mtengo umapanga chilengedwe chonse.

Mafotokozedwe

Kunja, Bengal ficus, wotchulidwa m'mabuku akale kuti "mtengo wapadziko lonse" ndi "chizindikiro cha moyo wosafa ndi kubadwanso kosatha", ndi mtengo wokhala ndi masamba obiriwira obiriwira, omwe amafika kutalika kwa 15- 25 masentimita. M'zipinda, ficus bengalamatha kukula mpaka denga m'zaka zochepa chabe. Chifukwa chake, nthawi zambiri mtengo woterewu, womwe umadziwika ndi mawonekedwe okongoletsa kwambiri komanso kusamalidwa bwino, umakhala muofesi komanso maholo akulu.

Kuwala ndi chinthu chofunikira kwambiri

Mukamasamalira Bengal ficus, muyenera kudziwa kuti mbewuyo ndi yowoneka bwino, chifukwa chake iyenera kuyikidwa pamalo adzuwa, otetezedwa ku dzuwa. Apo ayi, pali ngozi yoyaka, yomwe imatha kudziwika ndi mawanga a bulauni pamasamba. Kusowa kwa kuwala kudzasonyezedwa ndi kufota kwa masamba, kupotoza kwawo. Kuti korona azikula mofanana, ndipo mbali zonse zilandire kuwala kofanana, tikulimbikitsidwa kuti nthawi ndi nthawi mutembenuzire Bengal ficus mozungulira. ficus bengal chisamaliro

Kunyumba, ficus Bengal imakonda kutentha kwapakati pa 18-26 оС, ndipo m'nyengo yozizira imatha kupirira 12-16 оKuchokera pamwamba pa zero. Moyipa, pogwetsa masamba, mbewuyo imakhudzidwa ndi kusintha kwadzidzidzi kwa kutentha ndi ma drafts. Sitikulimbikitsidwa kuyika Bengal ficus pafupi ndi zida zotenthetsera: mpweya wotentha, kuyanika masamba, kumayambitsa kufa kwa mbewu. M'nyengo yachilimwe, tikulimbikitsidwa kutengera mtengowo panja kapena pakhonde.

Ficus Bengal: chisamaliro chakunyumba

Bengal ficus imafunikira kuthirira pafupipafupi ndi madzi okhazikika, omwe amafunikira nthaka ikauma: m'nyengo yofunda - kamodzi masiku atatu kapena anayi, m'nyengo yozizira.kamodzi pa sabata ndi zokwanira. M'masiku otentha a chilimwe, mbewuyo iyenera kupopera mbewu mankhwalawa ndi botolo lopopera, ndipo masamba ake amayenera kupukutidwa ndi nsalu yonyowa pafupipafupi kuti atsitsimutse ficus ndikuchotsa fumbi. Onetsetsani kuti mukukhetsa madzi otsala mu poto, chifukwa chinyezi chomwe sichikuyenda chingayambitse matenda oyamba ndi fungus ndi kuvunda kwa mizu.

Kudyetsa zomera

Monga chomera chilichonse, ficus imafunikira kuvala pamwamba: m'chilimwe, nthawi yakukula, iyenera kuchitidwa kawiri pamwezi (feteleza okhala ndi nayitrogeni wambiri), m'nyengo yozizira - kamodzi miyezi iwiri iliyonse (mankhwala osokoneza bongo). kwa zomera zosapanga maluwa). Bengal ficus, yomwe ngakhale mlimi wosadziwa angasamalire, imakhala ndi malingaliro abwino pa kudulira, komwe kumalepheretsa kukula kwa mtengo komanso kofunika kuti korona awoneke bwino komanso wokongola.

Transfer

Kubzalanso mbewu zazing'ono kumachitika chaka chilichonse, mu Marichi-Epulo. Bengal ficus kunyumba imadziwika ndi kukula kwakukulu: mpaka mita 1 pachaka, kotero zotengera ziyenera kusankhidwa zazikulu pang'ono (masentimita angapo) poyerekeza ndi zam'mbuyomu, zomwe zimalepheretsa chitukuko chogwira ntchito. Mukabzala, tikulimbikitsidwa kuti muchepetse mizu ya mtengowo pang'ono. Kwa zomera zokhwima, zidzakhala zokwanira kusintha nthaka ya pamwamba ndi yatsopano.

ficus bengal chisamaliro kunyumba

Dothi la Bengal ficus liyenera kukhala lopatsa thanzi, lokhala ndi peat, humus ndi nthaka yamasamba. Mutha kugula sitolo yoyambira ya ficuses. Ngalande yabwino ndiyofunikazomwe mungagwiritse ntchito zinyenyeswazi zadongo, dongo lokulitsa, khungwa la mtengo.

Ficus Bengal: kubereka. Zosintha Zamchitidwe

Bengal ficus imafalitsidwa ndi kudula, komwe kumagwiritsidwa ntchito podulidwa apical apical okhala ndi masamba. Mukadulidwa, tikulimbikitsidwa kuti muwagwire mu cholimbikitsa kukula, kenaka muwaike m'madzi kapena mchenga wonyowa ndikuyika pamalo owala, otentha kwa milungu ingapo. Kenako mphukira yokhala ndi mizu yokhazikika iyenera kuziika mu chidebe chosiyana, ndipo pakatha sabata, idyetseni ndi feteleza wa mchere.

Matenda ndi tizirombo

Mutha kuzindikira tizilombo munthawi yake poyang'ana masamba pafupipafupi, makamaka kumbuyo kwawo. Mwa matenda, nthawi zambiri Bengal ficus amakhudzidwa ndi akangaude, nsabwe za m'masamba, tizilombo toyambitsa matenda ndi mealybugs. Ngati ndi kotheka, tikulimbikitsidwa kutsuka mbewuyo pansi pa shawa yotentha kapena kuitsuka ndi chopukutira, kenako ndikuyipaka ndi mankhwala.

kubereka kwa ficus bengal

Kukhala chikasu kwa masamba apansi ndi kugwa kwawo kudzasonyeza kuthirira kwamadzi kwa nthaka. Makamaka vutoli likhoza kuchitika m'nyengo yozizira. Ngati pali mawanga aubweya woyera pansi pa tsamba, ndiye kuti pali mealybug. Tizirombo tikuyenera kuchotsedwa ndi siponji wothira mowa wa methyl, ndipo mbewuyo iyenera kupopera mankhwala ophera tizilombo kapena Malathion. Maonekedwe a tizilombo toyambitsa matenda amatha kuweruzidwa ndi kukhalapo kwa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda pamitengo ndi pansi pa masamba. Zomera zimakonzedwanso chimodzimodzi monga tafotokozera pamwambapa.

Kuwonekera kwa mafangasimatenda angayambe chifukwa cha madzi osefukira m'nthaka kapena madzi osasunthika. Pofuna kupewa, masamba a mmera ayenera kupukuta ndi madzi a sopo, kusambitsidwa, kuthandizidwa kamodzi pamwezi ndi mankhwala ofooka a manganese.

fikusbengalsky kunyumba

Monga mphotho ya chisamaliro chabwino, chisamaliro choyenera ndi chikondi chenicheni, ficus idzathokoza eni ake ndi chikhalidwe chamtendere mnyumba ndi mphamvu zabwino.

Mutu Wodziwika