Ficus dwarf: chithunzi ndi mafotokozedwe, mawonekedwe a chisamaliro kunyumba

Kulima 2022
Ficus dwarf: chithunzi ndi mafotokozedwe, mawonekedwe a chisamaliro kunyumba
Ficus dwarf: chithunzi ndi mafotokozedwe, mawonekedwe a chisamaliro kunyumba
Anonim

Chomerachi ndi chaching'ono kwambiri pakulima maluwa m'nyumba. Mawonekedwe ake amafanana ndi kachidutswa kakang'ono ka Benjamini ficus. Amakhala ndi mtundu wofanana wa masamba ndipo amasiyana kukula kwake. Chikhalidwe cha m'nyumba chimatchedwa dwarf ficus (kapena Pumila ficus), chomwe ndi chomera chaching'ono chosangalatsa chokhala ndi tsinde lokwawa komanso masamba ang'onoang'ono ozungulira.

Kukula mu chilengedwe

Monga momwe dzinalo likusonyezera, mitundu iyi ndi yaying'ono kwambiri mwa ficuses.

M'malo achilengedwe kudziko lakwawo (ku Japan, China ndi Vietnam), dwarf ficus (chithunzi pansipa) imatha kumera bwino pamakungwa amitengo, komanso pamtunda, ndikuphimba kwambiri. Kukula kwake kwamasamba kumachitika chimodzimodzi ndi chomera cha periwinkle. Kufanana komalizaku kuli chifukwa chakuti ficus imakulanso pa liwiro lalikulu ndipo imatha kuphimba malo abwino kwambiri padziko lapansi pakanthawi kochepa.

Ficus wamba mu vivo

Mafotokozedwe a mbewu

Dwarf ficus Pumila ndi chomera chophatikizika chomwe chimapereka mipata yokwanira yogwiritsidwa ntchito. Itha kubzalidwa ngati chivundikiro (mosatengera malo okongola kwambiri) komanso ngati mbewu yodziyimira pawokha.

Mitundu ya m'nyumba ya mbewuyi yakhala ikudziwika kuyambira kuchiyambi kwa zaka za zana la 18. Anayamba kukondana ndi olima maluwa chifukwa cha kudzichepetsa kwake pakusamalidwa komanso kutsekeredwa m'ndende. Iyi ndi ficus yomwe ikukula mwachangu, yokhala ndi masamba ang'onoang'ono, ngakhale mbale zake zobiriwira sizikhala zazing'ono. Pachomera chachikulire, kutalika kwake kumatha kufika 5-8 centimita, zomwe zimafanana ndi masamba a Benjamini wamtali.

Indoor dwarf ficus

Masamba ndi okhwinyata, okalipa, okhala ndi mawonekedwe a mauna momwe mawonekedwe amtima amasiyanitsidwa pang'ono. Iwo zili pa nthambi mu mizere iwiri. Zindikirani kuti pumila amamasula bwino mwachilengedwe, koma izi sizingatheke kukwaniritsa kunyumba. Izi zili choncho chifukwa chakuti ficus yaing'ono imakhala ndi mitundu iwiri ya nthambi: akuluakulu achonde omwe ali ndi masamba otalika masentimita 10; ndi wosabala - ndi masamba ang'onoang'ono mbale. Pa mphukira zazikulu, syconia inflorescences imapsa (yooneka ngati peyala yaing'ono), kukula kwake kwa masentimita 5. Akamakula, amasintha mtundu kuchokera ku wobiriwira kupita ku lalanje. Akakula kunyumba, mphukira zazikulu za ficus sizipanga, chifukwa chake zilibe inflorescence.

Mtundu uwu mu chikhalidwe chazipinda umakula makamaka ngati chomera cha ampelous. Zotchuka kwambiri ndizomitundu iyi: Dzuwa, White Sunny ndi Dort.

Kusamala

Dawarf ficus amakula bwino kunyumba. Ichi ndi chomera cholimba kwambiri. Imapirira kusinthasintha kwa kutentha, ndipo chifukwa cha kukula kwake pang'onopang'ono (mosiyana ndi zachilengedwe), imatha kukhalabe ndi mawonekedwe ake abwino kwa nthawi yayitali osapanga. Tiyenera kukumbukira kuti m'nyengo yozizira, kukula kwa ficus kumatsala pang'ono kuyima.

Chomera sichifuna kuunikira. Kuthirira kuyenera kuchitika pamwamba pa gawo lapansili likauma, lomwe liyenera kukhala lotayirira komanso lopumira.

Chifukwa chakuti dwarf ficus ili ndi mizu yachiphamaso, mphika suyenera kukhala wozama kwambiri. Chomerachi chimakula bwino muzotengera zazing'ono, zazikulu, ndipo ndi zonsezi, palibe chifukwa chosinthira nthawi zonse. Mutha kungosintha gawo lapamwamba la gawo lapansi pachaka, makamaka muzomera zokhwima. Ma ficuses ang'onoang'ono okha, chifukwa cha kukula kwawo, ayenera kubzalidwanso chaka chilichonse m'mitsuko yayikulu.

Zoyenera kusunga ficus

Kuwala ndi kutentha

Kupatula mfundo yoti ficus yocheperako ndi yophatikizika, imakulanso bwino pakawala pang'ono. Duwali likhozanso kukula kumpoto kwa chipindacho, koma, komabe, mazenera a kum'mawa ndi kumadzulo adzakhala abwino kwambiri kwa izo. Mbali ya dwarf ficus ndimakonda ake kuwala kosiyana.

Kukapanda kuyatsa, makamaka mitundu yamitundu yosiyanasiyana, kutalika kwa mphukira ndi kudula kumawonekera nthawi yomweyo.timapepala. Pamodzi ndi izi, chojambulacho chidzakhala chochepa thupi, kapena kuzimiririkanso.

Kutentha kwabwino kwambiri kwa ficus: pafupifupi madigiri 20-25 m'chilimwe, madigiri 10-12 m'nyengo yozizira. Pansi pa kukula kwachilengedwe, mbewuyo imatha kupirira kutentha kosachepera madigiri 8, ngakhalenso chisanu.

ficus wakuda

Madzi ndi kupopera

Negatively dwarf ficus imatanthauza nthaka youma komanso kuthirira madzi kwambiri. Kuchuluka kwa ulimi wothirira kumadalira kwambiri nthawi ya chaka, kuchuluka kwa dziko lapansi, komanso kutentha kwa mpweya. M'nyengo yofunda (nyengo ya zomera), dothi la m'chidebe liyenera kukhala lonyowa pang'ono. M'nyengo yozizira, muyenera kupereka pamwamba pa dziko lapansi kuti ziume pang'ono. Osagwiritsa ntchito madzi ampopi ozizira. Iyenera kukhazikika ndi kutentha. Madzi ochulukirapo ayenera kutsanulidwa mupoto.

Madzi omwewo ayenera kuwonedwa popopera mbewu mankhwalawa. Ndipo koposa zonse, izi ziyenera kuchitidwa ndi madzi ofunda owiritsa. Ndi kuuma kwa mpweya m'nyumba, mmera uyenera kupopera pafupipafupi.

Feteleza

Osati capricious pankhani ya kudyetsa dwarf ficus. Chisamaliro chimakhala ndi feteleza pokhapokha masika ndi chilimwe (kawiri pamwezi). Popeza ficus ndi chomera chamasamba chokongola, kuti chikule bwino chobiriwira, ndikofunikira kugwiritsa ntchito feteleza wokhala ndi nayitrogeni wambiri.

Komabe, ndikofunikira kukumbukira kuti chochitikachi chiyenera kusamalidwa bwino. Kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala osokoneza bongo kungachititse kuti mbewuyo igwemasamba. Ndikokwanira kugwiritsa ntchito feteleza wamadzi okonzeka opangidwa kuti azikongoletsa mbewu nthawi yakukula. M'dzinja ndi m'nyengo yozizira, mutha kugwiritsanso ntchito mavalidwe apamwamba ngati njira zochepetsera ndende, osapitilira kamodzi pamwezi.

Ficus Pumila pa tsamba

Mavuto

Chimodzi mwa zolakwika za olima maluwa ongoyamba kumene ndikukhala padzuwa kwambiri ndi dwarf ficus. Izi zikhoza kukhala chimodzi mwa zifukwa kukhetsa masamba, ndipo mwina imfa ya mbewu. Kukula kwa ficus panja, popanda pothawirapo kwambiri ku dzuwa, kumatha kuyambitsa kuyaka.

Mizu imatha chifukwa cha dothi lolemera komanso kuthirira kwambiri. Vutoli litha kuthana ndi gawo lopepuka, lopatsa thanzi komanso ngalande yabwino.

Ngati masamba a ficus ayamba kusanduka achikasu, ndiye kuti dothi likhala acidified kapena latha. Nthawi zina kuwola kwa mbewu kumawonedwa.

Nthawi zina ficus imatha kugwidwa ndi mealybug ndi akangaude. Izi zimachitika chifukwa cha mpweya wouma. Kuti chomeracho chikhale cholimba komanso chathanzi, mutha kuchisunga chaukhondo, ndikupopera mbewu pafupipafupi ndikuchotsa mphukira zodwala ndi zaulesi.

Ficus mkati

Kubalanso

Kuberekanso duwali sikovuta, komanso kutsatira malamulo osamalira. Kunyumba, ficus yaying'ono imatha kufalitsidwa ndi kusanjika kapena kudula. Njira yoyamba ingagwiritsidwe ntchito masika ndi chilimwe. Kuti muchite izi, mphukira zamphamvu kwambiri m'malo angapo zimapanikizidwa pansi chifukwa cha mizu yawo. Pambuyo pake, amayi amadulidwa, ndipomphukira yaing'ono imasiyidwa kuti ipeze mphamvu. Ngati pali mphukira zazitali zokwanira, mizu imatha kuchitidwa mu chidebe chosiyana. Koma chomera cha mayi chidzawoneka chosasangalatsa mpaka zodulidwazo zitavomerezedwa ndikuchotsedwa. Kuberekana motere kutha kuchitika nthawi yonse yachilimwe-chilimwe.

Mukazula munjira yachiwiri, zodulidwazo zimabzalidwa mu perlite kapena kuziyika m'madzi kuti zipange mizu.

Ficus mu kalembedwe ka bonsai

Ficus Benjamin wotchuka ali ndi mitundu yochepa yotchedwa "Natasha". Mwachilengedwe, imafika kutalika kwa mamita 10, ndipo m'zipinda zikhalidwezi zimaphwanya masentimita 40-50 okha. Dziko lakwawo ndi zilumba za Ceylon ndi Java.

ficus mu bonsai

Chifukwa cha thunthu losakhuthala komanso losinthasintha, mtengowo ndi wosavuta kuwumba. Ikhoza kupendekeka, kupindika ndi kupindika. Masamba okhala ndi nsonga zopindika (mpaka 3 cm kukula) amakhala ndi glossy pamwamba. Kupaka utoto kumakhala kowala komanso kobiriwira. Tsinde lanthambi la chomera lili ndi korona wobiriwira.

Ficus ya Benjamin "Natasha" imagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri popanga mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya bonsai.

Mutu Wodziwika