Ficus yopatulika: kufotokozera, kuyikapo ndi chisamaliro chakunyumba

Kulima 2022
Ficus yopatulika: kufotokozera, kuyikapo ndi chisamaliro chakunyumba
Ficus yopatulika: kufotokozera, kuyikapo ndi chisamaliro chakunyumba
Anonim

Ficuses ndi imodzi mwazomera zodziwika bwino zamkati. Komabe, ndi anthu ochepa amene amadziwa kuti m’chilengedwe zomera zimenezi zimaoneka ngati mitengo wamba. Izi zikugwiranso ntchito kwa ficus wopatulika. Tidzakambilananso.

Ficus mu chilengedwe

Ficus wopatulika amatchedwanso Edeni kapena wachipembedzo. Chomerachi ndi cha banja la mabulosi ndipo m'malo achilengedwe amatha kufika mamita 30 muutali. Uwu ndi mtengo wokhala ndi korona wamkulu. Nthambi zake ndi zamphamvu kwambiri, zokutidwa ndi masamba akulu. Iwo ali ndi autilaini oyambirira. Utali wake umafika masentimita 22. Masamba ali ndi m'mphepete mowongoka kapena pang'ono wopindika pang'ono, maziko ake owoneka ngati mtima ndi otalikirapo pamwamba.

Ficus wopatulika

Ma inflorescence a chomera ichi ndi axillary, ophatikizana, osalala. Poyamba, amasiyanitsidwa ndi mtundu wobiriwira wobiriwira, ndipo pambuyo pake mtundu wofiirira wakuda ukhoza kuwonedwa.Nthawi zambiri, ficus yamtunduwu imayamba moyo wake ngati epiphyte. Imadziphatika ku zomera zina kapena m'ming'alu ya nyumba. Mizu yomwe kale inali mumlengalenga ikafika pansi ndikulowa munthaka, imasanduka thunthu.

Mu chinyezi chambiri, nsonga zamasamba zimatha kuwonedwamadontho amadzi, zikuwoneka kuti mtengowo "ukulira".

Nthano ya ficus Edeni

Ficus Edeni wopatulika adatchulidwa chifukwa cha nthano yakale. Malinga ndi iye, Prince Siddhartha Gautama anasinkhasinkha atakhala pansi pa mtengo uwu. Anatha kumvetsa tanthauzo la moyo, komanso anapeza kuunika kwakukulu. Munthu uyu anayamba kutchedwa Buddha.

Ficus Edeni wopatulika

Nthano ina imanena kuti mulungu Vishnu nayenso anabadwa mumthunzi wa ficus. Ndicho chifukwa chake kwa zaka mazana ambiri chomera ichi chabzalidwa pafupi ndi akachisi a Buddhist. Zimatengedwa ngati chizindikiro chamwayi ndi chitukuko. Aulendo ochokera m’mayiko osiyanasiyana amabwera kumitengo imeneyi, n’kumamanga nthambi zake ndi nthimbi zamitundumitundu, n’kumatsagana ndi mapemphero awo kuti awapatse mwayi, ubwino ndi thanzi labwino ndi mwambo umenewu.

Zinthu zosungika

Pakati mwa olima maluwa, chifukwa cha kudzichepetsa komanso kulima mosavuta, ficus yopatulika ndiyotchuka kwambiri. Kusamalira kunyumba kwa iye ndikosavuta. Chomeracho chimafuna kuwala kowoneka bwino, koma chimalekerera mosavuta mthunzi. Ndikwabwino kuyiyika pamawindo oyang'ana kumadzulo kapena kum'mawa.

Ficus Edeni wopatulika kuchokera ku mbewu

Popanda kuwala, imatha kugwetsa masamba. Ficus ndi chomera chokonda kutentha, chimakonda kutentha kosachepera +22ºС m'chilimwe ndi +15ºС m'nyengo yozizira.

M'nyengo yozizira, kupumula sikofunikira ku mbewu. Kutentha kwachipinda kungakhale kofanana chaka chonse. Ficus wamtunduwu samalekerera kutuluka kwa mpweya wotentha, womwe umachoka kwambiri pamabatire. Komanso chomerasakonda drafts, kutentha kusintha. Kuthana ndi zosokonezazi ndikugwetsa masamba.

Chinyezi chachikulu sichofunikira kuti ficus ikule. Ngati m'chipindamo muli mpweya wouma kwambiri, muyenera kugwiritsa ntchito ma humidifiers apadera kapena kusungirako chosungiramo chokongoletsera. Chomeracho sichimakhudzidwanso ndi madzi osakwanira m'chilengedwe. Imagwetsa masamba.

Zomera zimafuna nthaka yachonde yotayirira. Mutha kugula dothi lopangidwa kale la ficuses mu sitolo yapadera. Ndikosavuta kukonzekera nthaka nokha mwa kusakaniza magawo a peat, sod ndi tsamba ndi mchenga (gawo lalikulu). Pansi pa thanki yobzalira, ndikofunikira kupanga ngalande zabwino zomwe zimalepheretsa madzi osasunthika.

Muthi, kudulira

Kuyika koyenera kumafuna ficus wopatulika Edeni. Kusamalira kunyumba kumaphatikizapo kuyika kwake pafupipafupi, kamodzi kapena kawiri pachaka kwa mbewu zazing'ono. Izi ndichifukwa cha kukula kwawo mwachangu. M'miyezi 12, mbande yaing'ono imatambasulidwa mpaka kutalika kwa mamita awiri. Kusinthitsa zitsanzo zazikulu za anthu akuluakulu ndikovuta kwambiri, kotero kwa iwo njirayi imangosintha kusanjikiza kwa dziko lapansi.

mbewu zopatulika za ficus

Pofuna kuchepetsa kukula kwa ficus ndikupanga korona wokongola mmenemo, amadulira nthawi zonse. Kuchita ndondomeko isanayambe kukula nyengo. Mukhozanso kugwiritsa ntchito mafelemu amawaya kuti mupangitse mphukira zazing'ono zotanuka mbali iliyonse ya kukula.

Matenda

Kufotokozerachomera chachikulire cha Edeni wopatulika wa ficus chimalankhula za mawonekedwe ake okongola. Komabe, izi zimafuna kusamalidwa bwino. Zikangodziwika kuti zawonongeka, mbewuyo iyenera kuthandizidwa mwachangu ndi mankhwala apadera ophera tizilombo.

Ficus chisamaliro chopatulika kunyumba

Kupopera mbewu mankhwalawa kuyenera kuchitika motsatira malangizo okonzekera mankhwala ndikusunga malamulo onse otetezedwa. Matenda a Ficus amakhudzidwa makamaka ndi chisamaliro chosayenera, kusatsatira kutentha, chinyezi, malamulo a ulimi wothirira ndi zofunikira za nthaka.

Zomera zimakumana ndi zinthu zoyipa pogwetsa masamba. Koma tiyenera kukumbukira kuti mu ficus amatha kugwa paokha akafika zaka ziwiri kapena zitatu, zomwe ndi zachilengedwe kwa zamoyozi.

Kubalanso

Njira yosavuta yokulira ficus Edeni wopatulika kuchokera kumbewu. Kuti muchite izi, peat ndi mchenga zimatsanuliridwa mofanana mu chidebe, kusakaniza ndi kunyowa. Ficus ali ndi mbewu zazing'ono kwambiri. Amasakanizidwa kale ndi mchenga ndikuyalidwa pamwamba pa nthaka ndikukanikiziramo pang'ono.

Ficus wopatulika Edeni kusamalira kunyumba

Phimbani ndi polyethylene kapena galasi pamwamba (ngati pali njere zochepa, mutha kuziphimba ndi botolo lagalasi). Nthawi ndi nthawi, zokutira izi zimachotsedwa kwa mphindi zingapo, mwachitsanzo, mbewu zikathiriridwa.

Mbeu za ficus zobzalidwa pansi zimakutidwa ndikuyikidwa pamalo owala komanso otentha. Kutentha kozungulira kuyenera kukhala osachepera 25ºС, koma popanda kuwala kwa dzuwa. nthakamuyenera kuthira moisturize nthawi zonse, koma osasefukira. Ndibwino kuti tizithirira mu botolo lopopera ndi madzi okhazikika.

Mphukira zoyamba zimawonekera pakatha pafupifupi sabata. Ndipo pakatha masiku 7, mutha kuchotsa zokutira. Tsamba likawonekera pa mbande, ziyenera kubzalidwa m'miphika yaying'ono yodzaza ndi dothi loyenera ficuses. Kuti mbewu zikule bwino, tikulimbikitsidwa kupanga zowunikira zowonjezera kwa mbewu zazing'ono pogwiritsa ntchito nyali yapadera.

Maficus akulu ngati mtengo amathanso kufalitsidwa popatutsa mphukira zam'mlengalenga. Ndi njira iyi, osati chomera chatsopano chokha chomwe chimapezedwa, komanso chimake chimatsitsimutsidwa.

Pa utali wa pafupifupi 55 cm, mphukira ndi masamba amachotsedwa. Siyani pafupifupi 13 cm wa thunthu lopanda kanthu. Pansi pa malo omwe nthambi imodzi idakula kale, muyenera kuchotsa khungwa. Malowa amathiridwa ndi yankho lolimbikitsa kukula kwa mizu, yokutidwa ndi sphagnum ndikukulunga ndi pulasitiki.

M'miyezi 1, 5-2, mizu yatsopano idzawonekera patsambali. Pambuyo pake, mphukira zokhala ndi mizu zimadulidwa, ndipo malo awa amawazidwa ndi makala oyendetsedwa. Chomera chaching'onocho chimabzalidwa mumphika wokhala ndi ngalande ndi nthaka yoyenera ficuses.

Kudyetsa

Ficus yopatulika iyenera kuthiriridwa kawiri pamwezi, mosinthana ndi mchere ndi feteleza wachilengedwe. Nyambo iyenera kukhala ndi nayitrogeni ndi potaziyamu wambiri. Izi zimathandiza kuti mbewuyo ikule bwino.

Ndemanga

Ficuses akhala akuwoneka ngati chizindikiro cha bata komanso chitonthozo chapakhomo. Amakhala ndi mawonekedwe okongoletsa, amatha kulowa mkati mwamtundu uliwonse. Ficus wopatulika - chidwindi chomera chachilendo. Amasiyanitsidwa ndi kudzichepetsa, kupirira, kumasuka kwa chisamaliro. Malinga ndi malamulo onse, nthawi zambiri imakhala ndi matenda ndi tizirombo. Chifukwa cha makhalidwe amenewa, amayamikiridwa kwambiri pakati pa olima maluwa ngati chokongoletsera chochititsa chidwi cha nyumba zamakono ndi maofesi.

Pambuyo poganizira mbali za ficus yopatulika, aliyense azitha kukula bwino kunyumba kapena muofesi.

Mutu Wodziwika