Cherry resin kapena chingamu: zimayambitsa, njira zowongolera

Kulima 2022
Cherry resin kapena chingamu: zimayambitsa, njira zowongolera
Cherry resin kapena chingamu: zimayambitsa, njira zowongolera
Anonim

Gummosis kapena chiseyeye ndi matenda owopsa amtengo omwe amapezeka pamatcheri. Matendawa amadziwika ndi maonekedwe a utomoni pa thunthu, nthambi, masamba ngakhalenso zipatso za mbewu. Ngati gummosis sichimachiritsidwa panthawi yake, ikhoza kuchititsa imfa ya chikhalidwe. M'nkhaniyi, muphunzira momwe mungathanirane ndi utomoni wa chitumbuwa ndikupewa kupezeka kwake.

chitumbuwa utomoni

Mafotokozedwe

Gummosis ndi matenda ofala a mbewu za zipatso zamwala. Zimakhudza mapichesi, plums, apricots, yamatcheri, nectarines. Koma nthawi zambiri matendawa amapezeka yamatcheri. Gummosis imawonetseredwa ndi matenda a chingamu, pomwe utomoni umapangidwa pamalo owonongeka - misa yomata, yowuma.

Gumu imabwera mumitundu yosiyanasiyana: kuchokera ku bulauni wopepuka mpaka amber ndi bulauni. Pamwamba pa utomoni hardness ndi glossy ndi bwino translucent padzuwa. Cherry resin ilibe fungo komanso kukoma kokoma.

N'chifukwa chiyani chingamu chimapangidwa? Ngati nkhuni zomwe zili mkati mwazomera zawonongeka, ndiye kuti ma pathogenic foci amapangidwa mmenemo, mkatizomwe parenchyma yomwe ili ndi kachilombo imasandulika utomoni, womwe umawononga makungwa a chikhalidwecho. Gummosis ndi kulira kwa mtengo, chifukwa maonekedwe a chingamu panthambi amasonyeza imfa yawo. Ndipo ngati utomoni watulutsidwa pa thunthu, ndiye chizindikiro cha imfa ya mtengo wonsewo. Choncho, matendawa akuyenera kuthetsedwa msanga.

utomoni pa chitumbuwa

Zifukwa zamawonekedwe

Pali zinthu zingapo zomwe zingayambitse matenda a chiseyeye. Zodziwika kwambiri ndi:

  • kuwonongeka kwa khungwa ndi tizilombo;
  • mafangasi ndi ma virus;
  • kukula kosakwanira;
  • kuchuluka feteleza wa mbande;
  • kuwonongeka kwa mbewu ndi chisanu;
  • khungwa ladzuwa.

Komanso kuthyoka kwa nthambi, kudulira mosayembekezereka komanso mopitirira muyeso kumabweretsa matenda.

Machiritso

Mukawona utomoni pamtengo wa chitumbuwa, nthawi yomweyo lowani nawo polimbana ndi matendawa. Kuti tichite zimenezi, kuyeretsa malo chingamu anapanga ndi munda shears. Chotsani minofu iliyonse yowonongeka mpaka matabwa athanzi awonekere. Pambuyo pake, perekani tizilombo pabalalo ndi 1% yankho la mkuwa sulphate. Ngati kuwonongeka kuli kwakukulu, ndiye gwiritsani ntchito bandeji yamunda. Kupanda kutero, mankhwalawa abweretsa zovulaza kwambiri.

Ngati mukufuna njira zamachiritso zachikhalidwe, gwiritsani ntchito masamba a sorelo. Ayenera kupaka malo owonongeka 2-3 nthawi ndi nthawi pakati pa ndondomeko ya mphindi 5-10. Komanso pothira mankhwala pachilonda, mutha kugwiritsa ntchito var yamaluwa, yomwe imakonzedwa kuchokera kuzinthu zotsatirazi:

  • 25g mafuta anyama atsopano;
  • 25g njuchisera;
  • 100 g wa rosin.

Kuti mukonzeke dimba, sungunulani mafuta anyamawo ndikuwonjezera zina zonse. Wiritsani kusakaniza kwa mphindi 20, kenaka chotsani mu chitofu ndikusiya kuziziritsa. Kenako onetsetsani kuti mukukanda var ndi manja anu kuti pasakhale zotsalira. Ntchito misa pa bala wandiweyani wosanjikiza. Ngati pali var owonjezera, sungani mu pepala lazikopa. Kenako sichiwuma.

mankhwala utomoni

Kupewa

Kuteteza kuoneka kwa utomoni wa chitumbuwa, tsatirani malamulo awa:

  • Sankhani mitundu yokhayo yolimbana ndi chisanu yokhala ndi chitetezo ku matenda a mafangasi kuti mubzale.
  • Gulani mbande zathanzi zokha popanda zizindikiro za thunthu kapena kuwonongeka kwa mizu.
  • Pobzala, sankhani malo okhala ndi dothi lopepuka, lotayirira lokhala ndi mpweya wabwino. Osabzala ma cherries m'madera otsika kapena malo omwe ali ndi madzi apansi oyandikira.
  • Weretsani mitengo nthawi zonse, koma osagwiritsa ntchito feteleza wokhala ndi nayitrogeni. Kuchokera ku chinthu ichi, kukula kwa unyinji wobiriwira kumawonjezeka, koma zipatso za mtengo zimachepa.
  • Pewani kukhuthala kwa korona ndikudulira mwaukhondo chaka chilichonse. Sambani macheka ndi phula la dimba, phala ladongo kapena penti yamafuta.
  • M'nyengo yophukira ndi yophukira, yeretsani tsinde la mtengo ndi dongo lapadera lalaimu.

Ndipo chofunika kwambiri, pamaso kutupa kwa impso, kuchitira yamatcheri ndi 1% njira ya mkuwa sulfate kapena Bordeaux madzi. Mankhwalawa amathamangitsa tizirombo komanso kuteteza mbewu ku mafangasi.

chitumbuwa matenda

Chitumbuwa chili chothandiza bwanjiutomoni

Kupanga chingamu kumawononga mtengo, koma kwa munthu chodabwitsachi ndi chothandiza kwambiri. Kupatula apo, utomoni wa chitumbuwa uli ndi ma tannins ambiri, ma pectins ndi shuga wamtengo wapatali. Gum amagwiritsidwa ntchito pamankhwala amakono pochiza matenda am'mapapo, mitsempha yamagazi, m'mimba komanso matenda a shuga.

Resin ndiwothandizanso kwa iwo omwe akufuna kuonda. Ngakhale chingamu chaching'ono, cholowa m'mimba, chimasakanikirana ndi zakumwa ndikupanga chinthu chofanana ndi jelly. Panthawi imodzimodziyo, sichimatengedwa ndi matumbo, zomwe zimapanga kumverera kwa nthawi yaitali kwa chidzalo. Chifukwa chake, mothandizidwa ndi chingamu, mutha kuchepetsa kwambiri kuchuluka kwa chakudya chomwe mumadya.

Kuphatikiza apo, mankhwalawa amathandizira kuchepetsa cholesterol m'magazi, amatsuka m'thupi pochotsa poizoni ndi poizoni. Koma pochiza chingamu, kumbukirani kuti kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala osokoneza bongo kumayambitsa kupweteka m'mimba komanso nseru.

Ngakhale phindu la utomoni wa chitumbuwa, simuyenera kulola kuti liwoneke. Kupatula apo, izi zidzatsogolera kudwala kwanthawi yayitali komanso kufa kwa mtengo. Choncho, musaiwale za njira zopewera matenda a chingamu, ndipo m'munda mwanu simudzakhala matenda a chingamu.

Mutu Wodziwika