Malongosoledwe ndi mitundu yama facade. Kuyika kwa facade

Konzani 2022
Malongosoledwe ndi mitundu yama facade. Kuyika kwa facade
Malongosoledwe ndi mitundu yama facade. Kuyika kwa facade
Anonim

Mawonekedwe akunja a nyumba iliyonse akuyenera kugwira ntchito ziwiri zazikulu. Choyamba ndi kuteteza makoma akunja ku zisonkhezero zaukali zachilengedwe. Yachiwiri ikuwonetsedwa mu zokongoletsera za nyumbayo, chifukwa ndi facade yomwe imatsimikizira kalembedwe kamangidwe ka nyumbayo. Koma musanamalize, muyenera kudziwa kuti ndi mitundu yanji ya ma facade, mawonekedwe ndi mawonekedwe omwe ali nawo.

Main Mitundu

mitundu ya facades

Zovala zakunja zimatha kukhala zowuma kapena zonyowa. Poyamba, machitidwewa ali ndi zida popanda kugwiritsa ntchito njira zomangira ndi zomatira. Zinthuzo zimakhazikika ndi zomangira zamakina monga misomali, ma dowels, zomangira zokha, ndi zina.

Poganizira za mitundu ya ma facade, muyenera kulabadiranso omwe ali ndi zida zamagetsi zonyowa, zosakaniza zomanga zimagwiritsidwa ntchito. Izi zimaphatikizansopo zomangira pulasitala ndi machitidwe omwe amalizidwa, mwachitsanzo, ndi clinkermatailosi, chifukwa kwa izo pakufunika kugwiritsa ntchito zomatira kusakaniza. Mwininyumba aliyense wabanja limodzi amafananiza machitidwewa asanayambe ntchito. Ma facade owuma ali ndi mwayi wowonekera, chifukwa amatha kukhala ndi zida chaka chonse, mosasamala kanthu za nyengo. Koma makina onyowa amakulolani kuti muwonetsetse kukhulupirika kwa makoma akunja.

Mafotokozedwe a ma facade olowera mpweya wabwino komanso osatulutsa mpweya

mitundu ya facades nyumba

Magawo owonjezera a ma facade ndi makina olowera mpweya komanso osatulutsa mpweya. Mitundu yoyamba imaphatikizapo kulinganiza kusiyana pakati pa khoma ndi zinthu zomaliza. Khoma la nyumbayo litha kukhalanso lotetezedwa komanso kukutidwa ndi filimu yoletsa mphepo.

Gawo la mpweya lidzazungulira momasuka, kuchotsa chinyontho ndi chinyezi chomwe chingachitike chifukwa cha kuyanika mkati mwazokongoletsera. Kuphatikiza apo, chinyezi chimatha kulowa mkati mwa mawonekedwe a nthunzi. Panthawi imodzimodziyo, zipangizozi zimalandira chitetezo chodalirika, ndipo pansi pa nyumbayi kumatenga nthawi yaitali, pamene kutsekemera kumatetezedwa ku zochitika za mumlengalenga monga mvula, matalala ndi mphepo.

Poganizira za mitundu ya ma facade, tcherani khutu ku makina osapumira mpweya omwe amakhala ndi zida ngati palibe chifukwa chotsekera kunja. Ngati makoma sapuma, ndiye kuti kuyika kwa facade yolowera mpweya kumatha kusiyidwa. Mwachitsanzo, matailosi a clinker amatha kukhazikika pamakoma omwewo.

Upangiri waukatswiri

mitundu yomanga ma facades

Ngati mukufuna kukongoletsa makoma akunja a nyumba yamatabwa, muyenera kusankhampweya wokwanira, chifukwa nkhuni zimapuma ndipo zimamasula chinyezi. Ngati simukonza kusiyana, ndiye kuti kapangidwe kake kayamba kuvunda.

Zofotokozera

kumaliza kwa facade

Mitundu ya ma facade, yomwe imatchedwa mpweya wabwino, imapereka kugwiritsa ntchito osati zowuma zokha, komanso njira zoyikira zonyowa. Ngati mukufuna kumanga nyumba yamatabwa, ndiye kuti mukhoza kutsatira ndondomeko inayake. Crate imayikidwa padenga, yomwe imapereka mpweya wabwino. Mu danga ili, ngati n'koyenera, mukhoza kuyala chowotcha ndi windproof filimu. Pa gawo lotsatira, OSB imayikidwa pambali pa crate, ndiye mutha kuyamba kuyala matailosi.

Mitundu yomalizitsira facade

mitundu ya zinthu za facade

Ngati mukufuna kusankha facade yabwino kwambiri panyumba panu, simuyenera kuganizira za mapangidwe amtsogolo, komanso zida. Poyamba, muyenera kulabadira zinthu zachikhalidwe komanso zodziwika bwino. Izi zikuphatikizapo njerwa za clinker ndi miyala yopangira. Njira yotsirizirayi imagwiritsidwa ntchito mwachangu poyang'anizana ndi makoma akunja, chifukwa imakhala ndi kulemera kochepa komanso mawonekedwe a chinyezi komanso kukana kuvala.

Mtengo wa zinthu zotere ndi wotsika, mwa zina, ndi wokhazikika. Maonekedwe, mawonekedwe a facade sangasiyane mwanjira iliyonse ndi zomwe zili ndi miyala yachilengedwe. Njerwa za clinker zatsimikiziranso kuti zili bwino pomaliza ma facades, kutsika kwawo kwamadzi otsika komanso mawonekedwe osalala kumapangitsa kuti makomawo asaipitsidwe mosavuta. Facade ndi yolimbandipo imachita bwino nyengo zonse.

Kugwiritsa ntchito pulasitala ya facade

ntchito ya facade

Kuyang'ana mitundu ya ma facade a nyumba, mutha kudziwa zambiri zazomwe zili ndi pulasitala. Pambuyo pa ntchito, ikhoza kupakidwa utoto wamtundu uliwonse, zinthuzo zimakhala ndi mtengo wotsika ndipo zimatha kuphatikizidwa ndi zomaliza zosiyanasiyana. Odziwika kwambiri pankhaniyi ndi acrylic ndi silicone plasters. Njira yoyamba ndiyotsika mtengo kwambiri, ili ndi mikhalidwe yabwino kwambiri yotetezera chinyezi ndipo imagwiritsidwa ntchito pakutchinjiriza kwa ma facade okhala ndi polystyrene yowonjezera. Palinso kuchotsera apa, komwe kumawonetsedwa motsika kwambiri, komwe kungayambitse ma microcracks ndi kuwonongeka pakasintha kutentha.

Ngati simutha kusankhabe mitundu yamitundu yanyumba yomwe ingakuyenereni bwino, muyenera kulabadira pulasitala ya silikoni, yomwe ndiyokwera mtengo, koma yopanda zovuta zina. Zinthu zake sizingalowe madzi, zimapirira mwangwiro kuwononga zinthu zakunja, zimatha nthawi yayitali ndipo sizikutaya mawonekedwe ake oyamba.

Alternative finishes

mitundu yomaliza ya facade ya nyumbayo

Ngati zomwe zili pamwambazi sizikugwirizana ndi inu, mutha kusankha mapanelo kapena matailosi akunja. Matailosi amasiyana ndi miyala yachilengedwe kapena yopangira miyala yokhayokha mu makulidwe ndi ukadaulo wakuyika. Kukonza pansi kumachitidwa ndi njira yomatira. Ngati mumagwiritsa ntchito mapanelo, ndiye kuti ndi chithandizo chawo mutha kukonzekeretsa mpweya wabwino,zomwe zimatchingira makoma.

Poganizira mitundu ya nyumba zomangira nyumba, mungakonde kumalizitsa ndi midadada kapena bolodi. Chilengedwe cha zinthu izi chimatsimikiziridwa ndi mawonekedwe olemekezeka komanso amoyo. Zowonongeka zakunja zakunja zimatha kubisika, chifukwa mawonekedwe a njerwa ndi matabwa nthawi zambiri amakhala nawo. Ngati atasamaliridwa bwino, kumaliza kumeneku kutha zaka zoposa 25.

Kuyang'ana kukuwonetsa kufunikira kokhala ndi makina olowera mpweya. Ngati mukufuna kuteteza facade ku nyengo, ndiye kuti mutha kugwiritsa ntchito siding yomwe imawoneka yokongola komanso imakhala nthawi yayitali. Mapanelo otenthetsera nawonso ndi oyenera, omwe amakhala ngati chinthu chatsopano chomaliza chomwe chimaphatikiza kukopa kokongola komanso kudalirika. Zidazi zilinso ndi insulating yamkati.

Kuyika kwa miyala yadothi yolowera mpweya: kukonzekera

Mitundu ya zokongoletsera zapa facade zidawonetsedwa pamwambapa. Ngati mwasankha kusankha njira yokhotakhota, ndiye kuti mwala wa porcelain ukhoza kusankhidwa ngati zokongoletsa zake. Pa gawo loyamba la ntchito yoyika, kuyika chizindikiro kumachitika. Mbuyeyo ayenera kudziwa mzere wapansi, womwe umajambulidwa mopingasa.

Kenako, mizere iwiri yonyanyira imatanthauzidwa, yomwe idzajambulidwa molunjika. Pogwiritsa ntchito puncher, muyenera kubowola mabowo m'makoma kuti mukweze mabatani. Paronite gasket imayikidwa m'mabowo, ndiyeno mutha kupitilira kuyika mabatani, omwe screwdriver ndi nangula dowels amagwiritsidwa ntchito.

Njira zogwirira ntchito

Pagawo lotsatira, mutha kupitiriza kukhazikitsa mpweya ndi hydroprotective ndiwosanjikiza insulating. Kupyolera mu mipata kwa m'mabulaketi, m'pofunika kulimbikitsa kutentha-zoteteza mbale. Kenako, zinsalu ndi chitetezo cha mphepo zimapachikidwa, zonse zimakhazikika kwakanthawi. Kupyolera mu filimu ndi mbale zosungunulira, muyenera kubowola mabowo pakhoma, pomwe ma dowels ooneka ngati mbale amayikidwa. Kuchokera pamzere wapansi muyenera kukhazikitsa mbale zotchinjiriza. Mambale ayenera kuikidwa mopingasa mu chekierboard chitsanzo. Pasakhale ming'alu pakati pawo.

Mphamvu zaupangiri woyima zimakhazikika pamabulaketi osinthira pagawo lotsatira. Mbiri imayikidwa mu grooves ya mabatani onyamula ndi othandizira. Mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya zida za facade imagulitsidwa masiku ano, komabe, miyala ya porcelain imagwiritsidwa ntchito nthawi zambiri pamakina olowera mpweya. Pakumangiriza kwake, ma clamps ayenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito, omwe amakhala m'mabowo opangidwa ndi kubowola kwamagetsi. Makapu amaikidwa motsatira polojekitiyi ndipo amakonzedwa ndi ma rivets ku mbiri ya chimango kudzera m'mabowo obowola.

Mathailosi adothi atha kuyikidwa ndi cholumikizira chowoneka. Njira imeneyi ndi yosavuta. Komabe, mutha kubisa seams pojambula mumtundu wofanana ndi tile yomwe. Ngati mungakhazikitse zinthu zokongoletsera popanda msoko wowoneka, ndiye kuti mwala wa porcelain uyenera kukhazikika pazitsogozo pogwiritsa ntchito kudula kopingasa.

Kusankha pulasitala

Mitundu yamakono imakhala ndi zida zosiyanasiyana. Ngati mwasankha kugwiritsa ntchito pulasitala, ndiye kuti imodzi mwazomwe zimaperekedwa pamsika wamakono ndizoyenera izi. Mwachitsanzo, kusakaniza granular amatchedwa mwala, koma chifukwakuti mupeze mawonekedwe opangidwa ndi striated, muyenera kusankha "khungwa kachilomboka". Posankha stucco ngati mawonekedwe a mosaic, mumasankha façade yomwe idzakhala ndi zidutswa zowoneka bwino za utomoni wowoneka ngati timiyala tamitundu yambiri.

Kumaliza pulasitiki ndi pulasitala: zida zokonzera ndi zipangizo

Mitundu yosiyana siyana ya ntchito yapa facade imafuna zinthu zina zakunja. Mwachitsanzo, pulasitala amatha kuchitidwa padzuwa, kouma. Komabe, ndikofunikira kukonzekera zida, komanso zida, pakati pawo:

  • woyamba;
  • seti ya ma beacons;
  • ma mesh;
  • seti ya spatula.

Choyambira chidzafunika poteteza mawonekedwe a facade, ndipo ma beacons adzafunika kuwongolera magawo omwe adayikidwa. Kuti muchepetse mawonekedwe a ming'alu, muyenera kusungirako mauna olimbikitsa. Koma kuwonjezera pa seti ya spatulas, mudzafunika lamulo lapadera, mipeni ndi graters.

Kupaka pulasitala

Si mitundu yonse ya zokongoletsera zapakhomo zomwe zingakhale m'manja mwa mbuye wamba wamba. Choncho, musanayambe ntchito, m'pofunika kuwunika luso lanu. Musanagwiritse ntchito pulasitala, facade iyenera kutsukidwa ndi zipangizo zakale. Makomawo alibe dothi ndi fumbi. Ngati pali zolakwika ndi ming'alu, ziyenera kuchotsedwa. Pa gawo lotsatira, khomalo limakonzedwa, ndiyeno mauna amalimbitsa. Pambuyo pake, muyenera kukonzekera yankho, lomwe voliyumu yake iyenera kugwirizana ndi yomwe mungathe kupanga nthawi inayake.

Myezo umagwiritsidwa ntchito popopera kapena kubaya jekeseni wamadzimadzi mopanikizika. Chigawo choyamba chidzakhala chokongoletsera, chidzathetsazolakwika ndi ming'alu. Ikauma, mutha kuyamba kugwiritsa ntchito gawo lachiwiri, mutatsuka ma beacons kuchokera kusakaniza komwe kwagwera. Chosanjikizachi chikuyenera kukhala chochuluka kwambiri.

Ma beacons sayenera kutsekedwa, chifukwa amayamba kutsetsereka ndi kulemera kwawo. Mitundu yotereyi ya ma facades nthawi zambiri imadaliridwa ndi akatswiri, chifukwa amadziwa ma nuances onse aukadaulo. Pamapeto pake, muyenera kupukuta pamwamba pogwiritsa ntchito lamulo, koma izi ziyenera kuchitika chinyontho chitatha kuchoka pa pulasitala. Chosakanizacho chikawuma, utoto ukhoza kupakidwa, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti facade ikhale yowoneka bwino.

Mutu Wodziwika