DIY ozizira neon: kufotokozera, kulumikizana

DIY ozizira neon: kufotokozera, kulumikizana
DIY ozizira neon: kufotokozera, kulumikizana
Anonim

Matekinoloje omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga zida zowunikira akupita patsogolo ndikutukuka. Nyali zopulumutsa mphamvu ndi za LED zabwera kudzasintha nyali za incandescent ndipo zathandiza kuchepetsa kwambiri ndalama zamagetsi. Mtundu watsopano wowunikira ndi neon yozizira, yomwe yakhala ikugwiritsidwa ntchito mwachangu popanga ndi kukonza magalimoto. Tiyeni tione mwatsatanetsatane za chatsopanocho, ubwino wake ndi chiyani komanso ngati n'zotheka kukhazikitsa nyali yamoto pawokha.

Mafotokozedwe Azambiri

Kuyatsa kwamakono kwa neon ndi chingwe chosinthasintha, chomwe mkati mwake muli waya wokutidwa ndi electroluminophore. Mawaya olumikizirana - maelekitirodi - amadzazidwa ndi hermetically mu sheath ya PVC. Chingwe choterocho chimakhala ndi makhalidwe ofanana ndi thupi monga waya wokhazikika. Ikhoza kupindika mosavuta kapena kumanga mfundo. Pamapeto pake, chingwecho sichiyenera kumangika: sheath ikhoza kusweka ndipo idzakhala yosayenerakugwiritsa ntchito mtsogolo.

neon ozizira

Pogwiritsa ntchito, neon yozizira imakhala yovuta kusiyanitsa ndi chubu wamba. Komabe, zonse zimadziwikiratu mphamvu ikatha. Kunja, imasiya kuwala, koma imakhala yamtundu wamtundu wa backlight kapena imakhala matte.

Katundu

Wayawo ndi wosalowa madzi ndipo ndi wotsekedwa, kotero ukhoza kugwiritsidwa ntchito kuunikira zipinda zokhala ndi chinyezi chambiri. Chingwecho, mosiyana ndi chingwe cha LED, chimawala kwathunthu kutalika kwake konse ndi mbali zonse za 360 °. Mutha kuyika nyali yamtunduwu pamtunda uliwonse. Waya ukhoza kudulidwa mu magawo osiyana. Kuti mugwirizane ndi chingwe, mukufunikira voteji ya 12 volts kapena mabatire angapo AA. Chiwerengero chawo chidzatengera kutalika kwa waya.

momwe kulumikiza ozizira neon

Neon yozizira sikuwopa kuwala kwa dzuwa, sikuzimiririka ndi kuwonekera kwawo kosalekeza. Panthawi yogwira ntchito, ngakhale pakugwira ntchito nthawi yayitali, waya wotere samawotcha. Chingwe cha electroluminescent chomwe chimagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga kuwala kwambuyo kumagwiritsa ntchito magetsi ochepa. Ubwino waukulu ndikuti, mosiyana ndi mizere ya LED, waya wa neon safuna kukonzedwa mwachindunji.

Kugwiritsa ntchito pakusintha

Eni magalimoto ena amafuna kuonetsa "ironi horse" mawonekedwe awo achilendo. Ndizifukwa izi pomwe kuyitanira kulipo. Zimapanga chithunzi cha munthu payekha komanso choyambiriragalimoto. Posachedwapa, kugwiritsa ntchito neon ozizira kwakhala kotchuka pakati pa eni magalimoto. Kulumikiza ndi kuyika nyali zamtunduwu ndikosavuta kuchita nokha.

neon ozizira mgalimoto

Zowonadi anthu ambiri awonapo magalimoto okhala ndi zowunikira zokongola pansi. Ichi ndi chitsanzo chabe cha kugwiritsa ntchito neon. Ndipo ngati kusanja kotereku kunkawoneka ngati kosowa, tsopano kukuchulukirachulukira. Komanso mawaya a neon amatha kuyikidwa mkati mwagalimoto.

Mfundo yogwira ntchito

Cold neon imagwira ntchito pa mfundo ya electroluminescence effect. Kuthamanga kwapamwamba kwambiri kumagwiritsidwa ntchito ku waya wamkuwa mkati mwa chingwe ndi mawaya okhudzana. Uku ndikuyendetsa kukuwoneka kwa gawo lamagetsi lomwe limapangitsa kuti phosphor ikhale yowala, ndipo waya wa neon wokha umayamba kutulutsa kuwala kofewa kokongola, komanso kofunikira kwambiri, kofanana.

Zosiyanasiyana

Mitundu yayikulu ikulolani kuti musankhe kuwala koyenera kwambiri pamwambo wina. Pogulitsa mungapeze chikasu-chobiriwira, chofiira, chabuluu, cha turquoise, chobiriwira, lalanje, chofiirira ndi pinki. Kuwala kotereku kumasiyananso ndi mibadwo: CW (m'badwo wachiwiri), CWS (m'badwo wachiwiri wa neon yozizira ndi sitima), CWH (m'badwo wachitatu). Mbadwo woyamba sunagwiritsidwe ntchito kwa nthawi yayitali, chifukwa kuwala kochokera ku waya wotere kumakhala kocheperako komanso kofooka.

neon ozizira ndi sitima

Tekinoloje yamagetsi yamagetsi imatha kugulidwa m'njira zingapo:

  • mumawonekedwe a waya wonyezimira wowala;
  • mawonekedwe a riboni;
  • chubu;
  • mu mawonekedwe a pepala lopepuka.

Mwa mitundu yonse, monga zaonekera kale, ndi waya wowala kwambiri womwe watchuka kwambiri

Mukufuna kukhazikitsa chiyani?

Neon yozizira mgalimoto imatha kuyikidwa kunja ndi mkati. Chingwe chowala chimatha kupindika ndikupatsidwa mawonekedwe aliwonse, zomwe zikutanthauza kuti zidzakhala zosavuta kuzigwiritsa ntchito kukongoletsa mkati. Ndi zida ziti zomwe zimafunikira pa izi? Kuti muyike bwino nyali za neon, mudzafunika ma screwdrivers, fuse, ma wrenches okhala ndi asterisks (potsegula mapanelo mu kanyumba), tepi yamagetsi, chitsulo chosungunulira, kutsika kwa kutentha, inverter ndi ma adapter. Zotsirizirazi, mwa njira, nthawi zambiri zimamangiriridwa ku zida ndi waya womwewo.

neon ozizira chitani nokha

Akatswiri amalangiza kugwiritsa ntchito m'badwo wachiwiri wa neon wokhala ndi sitima yowunikira mkati. Muyeneranso kumvetsera gawo la mtanda wa chingwe. Osati kuchuluka kwa kuunikira kokha, koma ndondomeko yonse yoyika idzadalira. Kuti musankhe waya woyenera, choyamba muyenera kuyeza mipata pakati pa mapanelo.

Muyike bwanji pagalimoto?

Mwachidziwikire mwini galimoto aliyense atha kuyika neon yozizira ndi manja ake mkati mwagalimoto. Ngati pali kukayikira za luso lanu, ndi bwino kukaonana ndi katswiri kapena munthu amene kale anali ndi luso khazikitsa mtundu wa backlight. Nthawi zina, zimakhala zomveka kupatsa akatswiri okonza magalimoto.

kuzizira kwa neon

Musanalumikize neon yozizira, chotsani batire. Posankha malo omwe mawaya adzadutsa, ndikofunikira kuwerengera kutalika kwa chingwe cha neon. Pamapeto a waya, dulani mchimake wakunja 10 mm kuchokera m'mphepete ndikukonzekera mawaya kuti agwirizane ndi magetsi. Kuti muchite izi, muyenera kuvula waya wamkuwa kuchokera pagawo la phosphor. Kumbali ina, waya amatsekedwa ndi sealant kapena kapu yoteteza.

Ndikofunikira kuchotsa zotsekera kumapeto kwa cholumikizira ndikuzivula. Pambuyo pake, muyenera kutenga mbali imodzi ya cholumikizira ndikuchigulitsa ku waya wamkuwa. Mbali ina ya cholumikizira imagulitsidwa ku mawaya oonda. Zitatha izi, m'pofunika kutseka malo a soldering ndi kutentha kutentha ndi kutentha ndi chowumitsira tsitsi.

Chifukwa chogwiritsa ntchito magetsi osinthasintha, polarity ya mawaya ilibe kanthu. Chifukwa chake, mawaya aliwonse a neon amatha kulumikizidwa ndi inverter. Inverter yokha imalumikizidwa ndi gwero lamagetsi. Tsopano zatsala kuti muyatse ndikuwona momwe ntchito yagwirika bwino.

Mapeto

Ndikosavuta kuyitanira mkati mwagalimoto ndikuwunikira nokha. Mukungoyenera kusankha makulidwe oyenera a chingwe chozizira cha neon, kuwerengera kutalika kwake, khalani ndi zida ndi chitsogozo chochitirapo kanthu. Zovuta zimatha kubwera pokhapokha muyika neon pansi pagalimoto.

Mutu Wodziwika