Pampu yotsetsereka: mfundo yogwirira ntchito

Pampu yotsetsereka: mfundo yogwirira ntchito
Pampu yotsetsereka: mfundo yogwirira ntchito
Anonim

Pampu ya vane imadziwika bwino ngati pampu ya vane, chifukwa matupi ake ogwirira ntchito amawoneka ngati mbale zafulati kapena zongoyerekeza - zipata. Mu 1899, wasayansi wa ku United States Robert Blackmer anapanga mapangidwe a pampu yozungulira yokhala ndi zipata za slide. Chinali chipangizochi chomwe chinali chitsanzo cha mapampu amakono otha kubweza omwe ali ndi malo ozungulira.

pompopompo

Ku USSR, pampu yotereyi inali yovomerezeka ndi gulu la asayansi ochokera ku Tatar GNIIPI Oil Industry mu 1974. Ndipo mu Meyi 2016, wotulukira ku Russia, a Boris Grigoriev, adapereka chilolezo m'maiko 29 kuti apange mawonekedwe owongolera amkati a pampu ya vane. Pachida chatsopanochi, mainjiniya aku Russia adakwanitsa kukulitsa kuchuluka kwa voliyumu, ma hydraulic ndi makina ogwiritsira ntchito pampu ya vane.

Chida chopopera vavu

Maziko a mapangidwe osavuta komanso apadera a pampu ya vane ndi yozungulira yokhala ndi macheke ochekedwa mozungulira pafupipafupi. Mambale omwe amalowetsedwamo amakhala ndi kasupe wotsitsimuka. Rotor imayikidwa mu stator (thupi, manja, galasi), yomwe ili ndi mipata iwiri: polowera ndi kutuluka. Mapangidwe ena amakhala ndi mabowo awiri oterowo, kudzeramadzimadzi omwe amalowetsedwa ndi kutuluka pampopi.

Mfundo ya kagwiritsidwe ntchito ka pampu ya vane

Kuchulukitsidwa kwamphamvu kumapangidwa ndi "vortex effect". Ndiko kuti, kusamuka kwa axis of rotor of rotor poyerekeza ndi axis of the body kumapangitsa kuti mbale zipite patsogolo m'malo ovomerezeka kwambiri ndikukanikiza stator ndi mphamvu ya centrifugal.

pompa manual vane

Pampuyo ikayambika, vacuum imapangidwa padoko loyamwa. Unyinji wonyamulidwa umayamwa mumpata pakati pa mbale ndikukankhira kunja kudzera potulukira.

Mapampu okhala ndi axis yosinthika yosunthika amagwiritsidwa ntchito kusintha kuchuluka kwamadzi opopa.

Mapindu

  • Molingana ndi ma screw pampu kapena ma gear, mphamvu ya mapampu a vane ndi apamwamba kwambiri.
  • Mapangidwe osavuta kwambiri ndi olimba komanso olimba. Mphamvu ya makina amachepetsa mwayi wolephera kukhala wocheperako.
  • Mapampu otsetsereka amakulolani kuti mupope zamadzimadzi zonyezimira komanso zonyezimira: zokhala ndi zofewa mpaka 1 cm, zolimba zosaposa 500 microns.
  • Kuyika kosavuta m'malo mwazoyika zitasweka. Kukonza pampu ya Vane sikufuna kutengapo gawo kwa akatswiri okonza, zomwe zimapulumutsa ndalama zambiri.
  • Thupi (zanja, galasi) la mpope ndi mbale (masamba) amasankhidwa kuti azipopapo.
  • Kuti mupange vacuum, kuyanika kotheka.
  • Zitsanzo zina zimakhala zobwerera m'mbuyo, zomwe zimakulitsa kwambiri kuchuluka kwa mapampu a vanene ndikupangitsa kuti kupanga kukhale kosiyanasiyana.
  • Kugwiritsa ntchito mwakachetechete kwa zida zophatikizika sikubweretsa vuto kwa ogwira ntchito. Kugwedezeka kwa mapampu a vane ndi pafupifupi 50% kutsika poyerekeza ndi zomata zina.
  • Kupulumutsa mphamvu kumachepetsa mtengo wokonza ndi pafupifupi 20-30%. Zotsatira zake, mtengo wazinthu zonyamula watsika.
  • Itha kugwiritsidwa ntchito ngati dispenser.
  • Mapangidwe a mapampu a vanene amalola kupanga ziwiya zogwirira ntchito kuchokera kuzinthu zosiyanasiyana kuti azitha kukana mankhwala, kupewa kuthwanima, kuwongolera kusagwira ntchito, ntchito zamakampani azakudya ndi zina zotero.
kukonza pompopompo

Sizovomerezeka kugwiritsa ntchito pampu yamagetsi yowuma kwa nthawi yayitali. Imawonjezera ntchito ya chipangizocho ndi ntchito ya kutentha kwa magetsi, jekete yapadera yosinthira kutentha, Teflon o-rings.

Ntchito

Mapampu otsetsereka amagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri m'mafakitale akulu ndi ang'onoang'ono, okhudza kusamutsa zinthu zamadzimadzi kapena zowoneka bwino. Kutchuka kwa zipangizozi ndi chifukwa cha kuthekera kwa kusungidwa kwathunthu kwa misa yogwira ntchito: makina a lamellar amathetsa kutayika kwa zotayika. Kugwiritsa ntchito mapampu amtundu wa vane kumakulitsa kwambiri kuchuluka kwa kupanga kapena kukonza kwa kuyimitsidwa ndi misa ya viscous, pomwe imakhala njira yotetezeka kwambiri kwa ogwira ntchito.

pompa yozungulira

Mtundu wodzipangira okha wa mapampu a vane wagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambirim'mafakitale a mankhwala, mankhwala ndi oyenga mafuta, mu cosmetology ndi kupanga zakudya.

Kagwiritsidwe ka mavane pumping systems

Mapampu otsetsereka amagwiritsidwa ntchito kupopera zinthu zosiyanasiyana:

  • Mafuta, phula, mafuta amafuta, paraffin, sludge, girisi ndi mamineral oils.
  • Zomatira, vanishi, zodzaza, utoto, ma emulsion a latex, epoxies ndi mastics.
  • Ma asidi, zosungunulira, mowa wakuda, galasi lamadzimadzi, creosote, caustic, caustic soda.
  • mafuta, glycerin, emulsifiers, sopo wamadzimadzi, inki.
  • Honey, mayonesi, molasi, chocolate, condensed milk, masamba mafuta, ketchup, manyuchi.

Ndi zina zambiri zamadzimadzi komanso zowoneka bwino.

mfundo yogwiritsira ntchito pampu

M'makampani amagalimoto, mapampuwa amagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati chiwongolero chamagetsi, chiwongolero, mpweya woyaka pambuyo, chiwongolero cha mabuleki agalimoto yayikulu ndi kutumiza ma automatic. M'magalimoto onyamula dizilo, mpweya wolowa m'ma injini umapangidwa ndi pampu ya vane vane.

Pazida zapakhomo, chipangizo chofananacho chimathira soda ndi carbon dioxide ndipo chimagwiritsidwa ntchito m'makina a khofi.

Mundege zambiri zopepuka, zida za gyroscopic zimayendetsedwa ndi pampu yamtunduwu.

Chida chopopera chozimitsa moto

Kuti muwongolere luso ndi kagwiritsidwe ntchito ka mapampu apakati, mapampu apakati amaikidwa m'malo opanda vacuum a injini zozimitsa moto. Ntchito yawo yodziyimira payokha siyisokonezakamangidwe ka dongosolo utsi wa galimoto ndipo akhoza kukhala ndi pamanja ndi magetsi pagalimoto. Zipangizo zopangidwa ndi zinthu zolimbana ndi dzimbiri zimagwira ntchito modalirika. Popeza ntchitoyo sikumapatula kulowetsa kwamadzi mumtsempha, zipata zimatha kupanikizana chifukwa cha kudzikundikira kwa dzimbiri mumitsempha ya rotor. M'pofunikanso kuyang'anitsitsa mafuta odzola a zinthu zopaka mafuta, popeza mafuta omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito panthawi ya opaleshoni amachotsedwa pang'onopang'ono, kusakaniza ndi madzi.

chipangizo cha pompa

Gulu la vacuum lamellar limapanga vacuum yofunikira m'mipaipi yoyamwitsa komanso pabowo la mpope wamoto podzaza madzi, kumapangitsa kuti pakhale mphamvu ya 16-18 MPa.

pampu yamanja

Pampu zapamadzi zapamanja zimagwiritsidwa ntchito kusamutsa timadzi tating'ono ting'ono kuchokera ku chidebe chimodzi kupita ku china. Nthawi zambiri, zida zamanja zimagwiritsidwa ntchito popereka madzi akumwa kapena luso m'nyumba zakumidzi. Pampu yamanja imathandizira kupopa madzi pachitsime kapena posungira pogwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zamakina pazifukwa zosiyanasiyana:

  • Palibe mawaya amagetsi mpaka pomwe madzi amamwa, choncho, sizingatheke kugwiritsa ntchito mpope wamagetsi.
  • Madzi ochepa ofunikira komanso apakatikati.
chipangizo chozimitsa moto pampu

Ubwino wa mapampu am'manja ndi monga moyo wautali wantchito, mtengo wotsika, kusadalira magetsi, kuyika mosavuta ndikukonza, komanso kugwiritsa ntchito kulikonse. Komabe, kugwiritsa ntchito kwawo sikumaperekakupereka madzi mosalekeza ndipo kumafuna khama.

Kupanga ndi kugwiritsa ntchito mapampu amanja

Pampu zapamanja za Vanine ndizopangidwa ndi mphamvu zochepa zokhala ndi chitoliro chachitali chokhala ndi pampu yozungulira yoyikapo. Madzi kapena madzi ena amayamwa kuchokera ku gwero (mbiya, thanki kapena chitsime) potembenuza chogwirira cha mpope ndikusamutsira kwa wogula kudzera pampopi. Pampu yamagetsi yam'manja ndiyosavuta kukhazikitsa ndikusamukira kumalo atsopano. Zimangofunika payipi kuti mugwiritse ntchito.

Pampu yamagetsi yapamanja itha kugwiritsidwanso ntchito kupopera zamadzimadzi zosiyanasiyana kuchokera ku migolo, monga injini ndi mafuta otumizira, dizilo ndi zina, kupaka mafuta pazida kapena kuthira mafuta m'zitini.

Momwe mungasankhire pompa pamanja?

Posankha mpope m'manja, ziyenera kumveka kuti chipangizo choterocho chimatha kupopera malita 30-40 amadzimadzi pa mphindi imodzi. Ndiwofunika kwambiri kumadera akutali ngati palibe mwayi wogwiritsa ntchito mapampu odziwikiratu. Pampu ya Vane ndiyothandiza pakuthirira mabedi amasamba nthawi ndi nthawi mdziko. Koma sizoyenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito kwa nthawi yayitali, mwachitsanzo, pokweza madzi ambiri kuchokera pachitsime chakuya. Mukamagula pampu yamanja, muyenera kuyang'ana mawonekedwe ake: pasakhale ming'alu, tchipisi, kapena misomali yopanda pake pathupi. Pampu yokwera mtengo kwambiri yopangidwa ndi chitsulo choyesedwa nthawi yayitali ikhala nthawi yayitali. Zitsanzo zopangidwa ndi zitsulo zosapanga dzimbiri ndi pulasitiki ndizodziwika. Mavavu amphira amatha msanga. Ndipo mkuwa kapena mkuwa udzakhala nthawi yaitali. Mphete za pisitoni zimathanso kukhalachitsulo kapena chikopa ndi labala, zomwe zimakhudza moyo wa mpope ndi mtengo wake.

Choncho, kusankha pampu yamanja kumatengera kuchuluka kwamadzi komwe kukuyembekezeka kapena kumwa kwamadzi opopa komanso kuyenerera kwa kugwiritsidwa ntchito kwake. Komanso pamakhalidwe ake ena.

Mutu Wodziwika