Zophatikizira: kufotokozera, mitundu, mfundo zoyika

Zophatikizira: kufotokozera, mitundu, mfundo zoyika
Zophatikizira: kufotokozera, mitundu, mfundo zoyika
Anonim

Pokhudzana ndi chitukuko champhamvu cha zomangamanga za monolithic-frame ya nyumba zazitali, malo opangira magetsi amadzi, milatho, malo opangira magetsi a nyukiliya, vuto la kujowina mipiringidzo yolimbitsa panthawi yomanga lafika povuta kwambiri. Nyumba zamitundu yambiri komanso nyumba zolimba zolimba za konkriti, makamaka zomwe zili m'malo omwe ali ndi chiwopsezo chachikulu cha zivomezi, zikumangidwa kuchokera ku konkire yolimba ya monolithic, yomwe imafunikira kuluka koyenera komanso kokwezeka kwambiri. Ndiko kulimbikitsa konkire wamba komwe kumapereka mphamvu zomangira zomangira zolimba.

Posachedwapa, chilimbikitso chinalumikizidwa ndi kuwotcherera kapena kuwotcherera waya wolukira. Masiku ano, m'gawo la dziko lathu, kujowina ma rebars, njira yayikulu yotsika mtengo komanso yotsimikiziridwa ndiyo kugwirizana kwa ma couplings. Kugwiritsiridwa ntchito kwa kugwirizana kwa dongosolo kumaphatikizapo m'malo mwa zidutswa zowonongeka za kuluka kwa zikhomo ndi zogwirizanitsa zolimbitsa thupi. Njirayi imachotsa kuwonongeka kulikonse chifukwa cha kupsinjika kwamakina ndipo imagwiritsidwa ntchito mwachangu pamagawo onse omanga.

Ntchito

Mafupa achitsulo amphamvu a nyumba yomangidwa ndikonkire ndi kofunikira kuti pakhale kukana kokhazikika kwa kapangidwe kazinthu zopindika. Njira zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri zomangira zitsulo zolimba ndi waya kapena zowotcherera ndizovuta, zovuta, zosagwira ntchito komanso zodula.

Kulumikizana kwa kulimbikitsana ndi kuphatikizika ndikukhazikika kwamphamvu kwa nsonga ziwiri za ndodo mu silinda yachitsulo yopanda kanthu mwanjira inayake. Kutalika kwa kulimbikitsana kumafanana ndi kukula kwa ndodo yomwe ikubwera, makulidwe a khoma ndi 2-5 mm, ndipo kutalika kwake kumasiyana kuchokera ku 7 mpaka 20 cm. pa ntchito. Masiku ano, opanga ma hardware amapereka kusankha kwakukulu kwa zolumikizira zamtundu uliwonse, zopangidwa kuchokera kuzitsulo zapamwamba za carbon.

kugwirizana kwa valve

Kulumikizana kolimbitsa uku kumakupatsani mwayi wolumikizana mosavuta komanso mosavuta mapini awiri amapangidwe omwe ali mbali imodzi. Ndiko kuti, kuchita nawo matako olowa mapeto-to-mapeto. Msonkhanowu siwothandiza pomanga mawaya ndipo m'mbuyomu udachitika pophatikiza kuwotcherera ndi kumangirira waya. Kugwiritsa ntchito zopangira manja kumachepetsa kwambiri kuchuluka kwa ndalama zogwirira ntchito, mtengo wa zida zomangira ndikuwonjezera kuthamanga kwa konkriti yolimba komanso yodalirika.

kugwirizana armature

Kagwiritsidwe ka docking wamakina kumapangitsa kuti zitheke kukonza kulumikizana kwa mipiringidzo yolimbikitsira. Pakangotha ​​​​mphindi 7-10, malekezero a zikhomo amawongoleredwa, okhazikika ndikumangidwa ndi wrench ya torque.kugwirizana. Zimathandiziranso kuwongolera kwabwino kwa mafupa.

Mawonedwe

Zolumikizira zolumikizira zimayikidwa motengera milingo yosiyanasiyana.

  • Malumikizidwe okhala ndi ulusi wopindika mkati amalola kulumikiza zitsulo zokhala ndi mainchesi 12 mpaka 50 mm.
  • Ngati kuli kofunikira, kukonza zokometsera zomwe zamangidwa kale, gwiritsani ntchito malumikizidwe a crimp (wopanda ulusi). Amakonza ndodozo poyika mipiringidzo yapadera mkati mwa chinthu cha chitoliro.
  • Zipini zomangira zimatetezedwa ndi makoko awiri. Kulumikizana kophatikizika kumeneku kumagwiritsidwa ntchito polumikiza mapini okhala ndi katundu wambiri.
Zophatikizana

Malumikizidwe a manja amagawidwa molingana ndi kukula kwa mapini:

  • Mipiringidzo yokhala ndi m'mimba mwake yoyenera imalumikizidwa ndi chomangira chokhazikika.
  • Ndodo zokhala ndi magawo osiyanasiyana amazigawo zimakhazikika ndi zolumikizira.
  • Nthawi zina, kulimbikitsa kophatikizana kumagwiritsidwa ntchito.

Kutsatizana kwa machitidwe a kulumikizana kwa crimping

  1. Zinthu za crimp zimayikidwa pazitsulo zolimbikitsira pamalo pokokera.
  2. Kulumikizana kumalumikizidwa ndi chida cha hydraulic.
  3. Yang'anani momwe amapangidwira.
  4. Kufufuza mozama za dongosolo lonse lomwe lasonkhanitsidwa.

Ngati zida zapadera zolumikizira zikugwiritsidwa ntchito polumikizana ndi makina, kukhazikika mwamphamvu kwa mfundo zolumikizirana kwa nthawi yayitali ndikotsimikizika.

zopangira mapaipikugwirizana

Malumikizidwe a ma docking amapangidwa kuchokera ku mapaipi okhala ndi m'mimba mwake pang'ono molingana ndi miyeso ya zitsulo zolimbikitsira. Kumangitsa ndi kiyi, pamwamba pamakhala mawonekedwe a hexagon. Ulusi wa inchi umadulidwa mkati ndi mawu ochepa. Kugwiritsa ntchito mapaipi okhala ndi makoma okhuthala kumakupatsani mwayi wodula ma coils akuya kofunikira ndikuwonetsetsa kulimba kwa kulumikizana. Zolumikizira zimaganiziridwa ndi akatswiri kukhala njira yabwino yolumikizira mapini.

Masitepe ophatikiza a mapini olimbikitsira aatali okhala ndi maulalo azingwe

  • Zophatikiza masaizi oyenerera akugulidwa ndipo zida zikukonzedwa.
  • Mapeto a zitsulo ndi ulusi.
  • Armature yayikidwa pogwira ntchito.
  • Kuphatikizana kumalumikizidwa mbali imodzi.
  • Mapeto achiwiri ayambanso.
  • Fundo limakhala lolimba kwambiri.
  • Kuwona mtundu wamamangidwe.

Kuti mupewe zovuta ndi mawonekedwe a chimango m'tsogolomu, ndikofunikira kumangitsa mfundo zolimbikitsira ndi makiyi apamwamba komanso apadera.

zolumikizira mapaipi

Kulimbitsa kolumikizidwa ndi njira yolumikizira kumapanga kulumikizana kwamphamvu kwambiri. Pamsonkhano wotero, palibe chifukwa cholembera akatswiri okwera mtengo. Ndikokwanira kungolumikiza malekezero okonzeka a zikhomo ndikutetezedwa ndi masilindala achitsulo oyenera.

Mapindu

  • Kutha kulumikiza ndodo pakona iliyonse.
  • Zolumikizira zapadera zimakulitsa kulimba kwa masonko.
  • Chitsimikizo cha zolumikizira zofanananjira yabwino yolumikizira.
  • Kugwiritsa ntchito mwachuma zikhomo.
  • Ma block atha kugwiritsidwa ntchito popanda zoletsa.
  • Njira yophweka yowonera yowongolerera ubwino wa mafupa.
  • Mosasamala kanthu za kuchuluka kwa konkriti, khola lolimbitsira limakhalabe.
  • Palibe chifukwa cholemba ntchito ma welder oyenerera kumapulumutsa ndalama.
  • Mphamvu imagawidwa mofanana mu utali wonse wa pin.
  • Zomwe zidagwiritsidwa ntchito zimachepetsa nthawi yomanga.
  • Kupanga ulusi kumayendetsedwa ndi zida zapadziko lonse lapansi ndikugudubuza kapena masitampu.

Kukhazikitsa zolumikizira kumathandizira kwambiri ndikufulumizitsa ntchito yomanga nyumba zokhala ndi monolithic. Kuyeserera kumatsimikizira kuti ndodo yautali wa mita, yolumikizidwa ndi zomangira zolumikizira, siitsika pakudalirika komanso mphamvu ngati ndodo yolimba (yosagawanika m'magulu).

kugwirizana armature ndi manual drive

Zolumikizira mapaipi

Lero, msika wa zida zomangira umapereka mitundu ingapo ya zoyikapo mapaipi kuchokera kuzinthu zosiyanasiyana: chitsulo chosasunthika choyezedwa nthawi, cholimba komanso cholimba, chitsulo ndi mkuwa wosamva kuwonongeka kwamakina. Zopangira mapaipi opangidwa ndi ma aloyi a aluminiyamu, faifi tambala ndi titaniyamu sizodziwika kwambiri. Kuwala, pulasitiki, mtengo wotsika amasiyanitsidwa ndi kulimbitsa kwa polima. Mafauceti ndi mavavu opangidwa ndi dothi, zoumba ndi magalasi amatha kudzitamandira chifukwa chokana mankhwala aliwonse.

Kusankha zokhoma zolumikizanazopangira mapaipi, tikulimbikitsidwa kuganizira zinthu kupanga mapaipi. Ndi zinthu zofanana, zizindikiro zambiri zimagwirizana:

  • Kapangidwe kakemidwe kamadzimadzi.
  • Kusalowerera ndale kwa Galvanic pazinthu zonse zamapaipi.
  • Zosawonongeka ndi makina.
  • Chidziwitso cha Thermal.

Zolumikizira pamanja

Wwilo lamanja kapena chogwirira choyikidwa pa tsinde la valavu, tsinde la valavu, shaft mutu wa drive, kapena shaft yomangidwira nthawi zambiri imatchedwa kuyendetsa pamanja.

Kuyendetsa pamanja kumasuntha chipata cha vavu. Makina oterowo amayikidwa m'malo osavuta kukonza.

zolumikizira mapaipi

Zoyatsira pamanja zakutali zimagwiritsidwa ntchito nthawi zambiri, kulola kuwongolera mavavu okhala ndi mainchesi aliwonse oyikidwa m'malo osafikirika.

Mutu Wodziwika