Mmene mungakulire tomato pakhonde: malangizo ndi malangizo

Kulima 2022
Mmene mungakulire tomato pakhonde: malangizo ndi malangizo
Mmene mungakulire tomato pakhonde: malangizo ndi malangizo
Anonim

Mwina kwa wina khonde ndi malo osungiramo zinthu zosafunikira, koma eni eni ena owonjezera mita mpaka nyumbayo amatha kupanga dimba lenileni pamenepo. Kulima nkhaka ndi tomato pakhonde ndi chinthu chenicheni, osatchula masamba athanzi - katsabola, parsley ndi anyezi.

Monga momwe zimasonyezera, izi zitha kuchitika pogwiritsa ntchito mabotolo apulasitiki, omwe nthawi zambiri amatayidwa ngati osafunikira. Ndiye mumayambira kuti?

Loggia iti ikukwanira "munda"

Kalanga, si khonde lililonse lomwe ndi loyenera kulima dimba. Ndikofunikira osati momwe ilili ndi zida, komanso komwe ili. Pofuna kupewa kulima tomato pakhonde kuti asakhale chinthu chamtengo wapatali, m'malo mobweretsa, ngati sikupindula, ndiye kuti ndalamazo ziyenera kuyatsidwa ndi dzuwa nthawi zambiri masana.

Musaganize kuti tomato akhoza kulimidwa pakhonde lowala. Sizophwekangati ili lotseguka kuzinthu zonse, ndiye kuti ntchitoyi iyenera kungokhala nyengo yotentha kwambiri, ndipo kuti muteteze mbande zanthete ku mvula ndi mphepo, padzakhala kofunikira kukonzekeretsa chophimba kapena makatani oteteza.

Pa khonde lokhala ndi insulated ndi zonyezimira, mutha kulima tomato kwa chaka chonse, malinga ngati ukadaulo watsatiridwa, mitundu yake yasankhidwa bwino komanso kutentha ndi kuwala kumawonedwa.

tomato pa khonde

Musanayambe kudabwa momwe mungakulire tomato pakhonde, muyenera kusankha malo omwe. Monga eni ake a "mabedi a khonde", ngati chipindacho chili kumbali ya kumpoto, ndiye kuti ndi bwino kusiya lingaliro ili nthawi yomweyo. Malo abwino ndi pamene loggia "ikuwoneka" kum'mwera chakum'mawa kapena kumwera chakumadzulo. Pamenepa, zidzakhala zosavuta kulima tomato pakhonde, chifukwa zomera siziwopsezedwa ndi dzuŵa lotentha lachilimwe kapena kusapezeka kwake tsiku lonse.

Mitundu "yolondola" ya tomato

Musakhumudwe ndi omwe ali ndi loggia yoyang'ana kumpoto kapena ayi. Chilichonse chokhudza kulima tomato pakhonde chimagwiranso ntchito pa "bedi" pawindo.

Kuti mukolole bwino, muyenera kutsatira malamulo ena posankha mbewu. Zina mwa izo:

  • Muyenera kuganizira kukula kwa tchire. Monga lamulo, tomato wa khonde ndi sill yawindo alibe zimayambira zazitali, apo ayi zidzakhala zovuta kuzisamalira, ndipo malo ochulukirapo adzafunika. Njira yabwino kwambiri ndi chitsamba kutalika kwa masentimita 50. Pankhaniyi, sikudzakhala kofunikira kukhazikitsa trellises,kumanga nthambi.
  • Liwiro lakucha liyenera kukhala lalitali, ndiye muyenera kusankha mitundu yokhwima yomwe imabala mbewu m'masiku 85-90. Izi zikuphatikizapo "khonde lofiira F1", wosakanizidwa "khonde lachikasu", "bonsai". Yotsirizirayi ndi yabwino makamaka pamawindo, chifukwa imakhala ndi tsinde yosapitirira 30 cm, pamene chitsamba chilichonse chimatha kusonkhanitsa zipatso zokwana 500 g.
  • Kuchuluka ndi chinthu chomwe alimi a m'khonde amachitira bizinesi. Mitundu yochuluka kwambiri yoyenera kulimidwa m'miphika ndi (yochokera pa 1 m22): "Balcony Miracle" (mpaka 2 kg), "Red Caramel" (2.5 kg), "yellow" caramel" (2.8 kg), mitundu yosawerengeka "dontho la golide" (4 kg), "tsiku lachikasu" (2.8 kg). Izi ndi mitundu yotchuka kwambiri ya tomato pakhonde. Ngati mukufuna kusangalala ndi zipatso zazing'ono kapena kuzisunga, ndiye kuti mutha kutola mitundu yomwe idapangidwira kulima kunyumba. Pakati pawo, tomato wachitumbuwa ndi amene amatsogolera. Pa khonde kapena pawindo, amawoneka ochititsa chidwi kwambiri, atapachikidwa m'magulu owala. Mitundu yotchuka kwambiri ndi Garden Pearl (2.5 kg), Cherry Fingers (3 kg), Candied Cranberry (2.6 kg).
mbewu za tomato
  • Kulimbana ndi matenda komanso ma drafts. Monga lamulo, mitundu ya haibridi imagonjetsedwa mokwanira kuti musadandaule za matenda omwe angakhalepo, koma ndi bwino kukaonana ndi wogulitsa kapena pathumba lambewu.
  • Kusinthasintha kwa mitundu kumakhalanso ndi gawo lofunikira. Monga lamulo, tomato amasankhidwa omwe ali oyenera kuwotcha komanso kudya zosaphika.mawonekedwe.

Zamkati ndi zazikulu

Alimi ambiri osakonda sayimitsidwa ndi kagawo kakang'ono ka khonde. Pokula tomato, mitundu imatengedwa osati pamitengo yocheperako, komanso mwamwambo zakumunda monga "bull heart", "white filling" ndi ena. Kusiyana kokhako ndikuti posamalira zotsirizirazo, muyenera kupanga ma trellises kapena kupanga zothandizira.

Kusankha mitundu ya tomato yolima pakhonde sikovuta, komanso pabedi pawindo. Pali ma hybrids omwe amatchedwa indoor. Zina mwa izo ndi "pinocchio", "angelica", "ballerina", "oak", "mwana" ndi ena.

Kukonzekera kufesa

Mwalamulo, izi sizikhala zovuta, chifukwa dothi lokonzedwa kale litha kugulidwa m'masitolo amaluwa. Iyi ndi njira yabwino kwambiri, popeza kusakaniza kwa dothi pankhaniyi kumalimbikitsidwa kale ndi mchere wofunikira ndi feteleza, wotetezedwa ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda. Chachikulu ndichakuti phukusili liyenera kukhala ndi chizindikiro "cha tomato".

zotengera za tomato

Ngati pali mwayi ndi chikhumbo chokonzekera nthaka nokha, izi zidzafunika:

  • Chiyerekezo chofanana cha humus, peat ndi dothi la sod.
  • Mutha kugwiritsa ntchito zina: tengani gawo limodzi la peat ndi mchenga pa magawo awiri a nthaka yamasamba.

Ndikofunikira kudziwa: ngati dothi losakanizidwa lidakonzedwa lokha, ndiye kuti liyenera kutetezedwa ndi calcination (mphindi 10 mu uvuni pa 200 ˚C kapena mphindi 2-3 mu microwave ndikwanira) kapena kuthirira ndi madzi otentha kapena njira yothetsera potassium permanganate.

Ntchito yokonzekera

Kusiyana kwake ndikubzala tomato pakhondekunyumba ndi m'munda, kukula kokha kwa chiwembu. Kuti musavutike kuyendera njirayi, muyenera kutsatira ukadaulo wosavuta wa tsatane-tsatane, womwe uli motere:

  1. Kukonza mbewu. Ngati mbewuyo imachokera ku kampani yaulimi, ndiye kuti iyenera kukonzedwa kuti iwonjezere kukana kwake ku matenda ndi tizirombo. Ngati mbewuzo zidagulidwa m'manja, ndiye kuti ndizokwanira kuziyika kwa mphindi 20-30 mu njira yofooka ya potaziyamu permanganate (1 g pa 100 g madzi) kuti muteteze mbande zamtsogolo. Zofunika kudziwa: mukamamira, muyenera kuchotsa njere zomwe zatsala kuti ziyandama pamwamba, chifukwa sizidzaphuka. M'pofunika kuwasunga mu nsalu yonyowa kapena yopyapyala mpaka zitamera. Zomera zimabala mbande zathanzi komanso zamphamvu.
  2. Ngati patsambali muyenera kusankha malo oyenera kubzala, ndiye ngati khonde, izi ndi zotengera. Monga lamulo, wamaluwa a khonde amagwiritsa ntchito mabokosi amatabwa kapena apulasitiki, omwe amakutidwa kale ndi zojambulazo. Miphika yamaluwa ndi mabotolo apulasitiki osachepera malita atatu ndi oyeneranso.
  3. Ngati dothi lidakonzedwa lokha, liyenera kuthiridwa feteleza pasadakhale, komanso kukonzekera ngalande. Monga chowonjezera, phulusa lamatabwa, superphosphate (mu granules) kapena s altpeter ndizoyenera kwambiri.
  4. Mbeu zophuka zimafesedwa imodzi imodzi mchidebe cha mbande (mutha kugwiritsa ntchito makapu otaya), njere wamba - zidutswa 2-4 mumtsuko umodzi.
  5. Chotsatira ndikusamalira mbande ndikuthyola.
kubzala mbewu

Tiyeni tione magawo olima tomato pakhonde.

Kufesambewu

Choncho, podziwa kuti tomato angakulire pa khonde, kusankha zotengera zoyenera ndi "kunyamula" ndi kusakaniza dothi, mukhoza kuyamba kufesa mbewu. Kuti muchite izi, mbewu iliyonse ya phwetekere (makamaka ngati yaswa) iyenera kuyikidwa mu kapu ya dothi, kuthirira ndikuphimba ndi filimu. Tsiku lililonse muyenera kutsegula mphukira yam'tsogolo kwa mphindi 10-15, yang'anani chinyezi m'nthaka ndikuthirira ngati kuli kofunikira. Kutentha koyenera masana kuyenera kukhala 22-24 ˚С, usiku 16-18 ˚С, ndipo nthawi yofesa ndi kumapeto kwa February - koyambirira kwa Marichi.

Chosankha choyamba

Mbeu zikayamba kukula (nthawi zambiri pakadutsa masiku 7), muyenera kuzipangira zowunikira bwino. Ngati pakhonde pali dzuwa lambiri, muyenera kupanga shading kuti cheza chake chisawotche masamba anthete. Kukachitika kuti sikukwanira, muyenera kukhazikitsa nyali, apo ayi zomera zidzatambasula m'litali.

Masamba oyamba akawoneka, kudyetsa kowonjezera kumafunika, komwe feteleza wovuta wa mineral ndi woyenera. Masamba a 3-4 akawoneka, mbande zimatha kubzalidwa muzotengera zina zazikulu. Kuika komaliza ku malo okhalamo okhazikika kumachitika zomera zikakhala zamphamvu (masabata 3-4 masamba oyambirira atawonekera).

Kusamalira zomera

Kupanga tchire zolimba ndi zokolola zambiri kuchokera ku mbande, muyenera kuzisamalira bwino:

  • Kuthirira kumachitika kamodzi pa masiku 4-6 aliwonse, malinga ngati kunja kukuzizirabe, m'nyengo yofunda - masiku atatu aliwonse.
  • Feteleza amathiridwa masiku 10 aliwonse. Izi zidzalola kuti zomera zikhale zamphamvu ndikukula bwino mongamizu ndi tsinde (zokhala ndi nayitrogeni ndizoyenera, koma mpaka mazira oyamba awonekere). Panthawi ya maluwa, superphosphate kapena sodium sulphate mu mawonekedwe amadzimadzi angagwiritsidwe ntchito (osapitirira katatu pa nyengo).
  • Pamene mukukula m'chidebe, onjezerani dothi ndikuyikapo zingwe zomangira tchire. Izi zichitike ngakhale mtunduwo uli waufupi, popeza masango a zipatso amapindika pansi tsinde.
chisamaliro cha tomato

Awa ndi malamulo ofunikira pakusamalira mbande.

Mmene mungapangire chitsamba

Staging ndi njira yovomerezeka kuti muwonjezere zokolola. Mphukira zowonjezera ziyenera kuchotsedwa pazifukwa zingapo:

  • Izi zimapangitsa kuwala komwe tomato amakonda kwambiri kulowa ngakhale m'munsi mwa masamba, komanso kumathandizira chitsamba chonsecho, kuteteza matenda kuti asayambike pamthunzi.
  • Zipatso zimakula kukula, chifukwa chobiriwira kwambiri sichimachotsa zakudya zina.
  • Chitsamba chikuwoneka chosamalidwa bwino.

chithunzi chili m'munsichi chikusonyeza ana opeza amene ayenera kuchotsedwa akapanga chitsamba.

phwetekere tomato

Bottle garden

Kodi ndizodabwitsa kuti amisiri apakhomo adazolowera kulima tomato pakhonde m'mabotolo apulasitiki mu limbo? Zikuoneka kuti njirayi yakhala ikugwiritsidwa ntchito kwa zaka zambiri ndipo yatsimikizira kuti ndi yabwino, yothandiza, yopindulitsa komanso yachilendo.

Tekinoloje ya m'munda wa botolo ndiyosavuta:

  • Botolo la malita 3-3.5 likufunika kudulidwa pansi. Kuchokera pamenepo mungathekupanga chipangizo chothirira kudontha, kuboolapo mabowo angapo.
  • Muchidebe chokonzedwa, mupangire mabowo awiri a zingwe kuti muzitha kupachika nyumba yonse kuchokera padenga la khonde kapena kuchirikiza choyimirira.
teknoloji mu botolo
  • Mbeu, pamodzi ndi chibululu chadothi, chiyenera kuikidwa mu chidebe pansi ndi masamba, ndikumangirira zotsalirazo pamodzi ndi tsinde m'khosi mwa botolo.
  • Phimbani malo otsalawo ndi nthaka, kusiya malo opangira pansi. Iyenera kutembenuzidwa ndikuyika mu botolo kuti mabowo akhudze pansi.

Chidebe chokhala ndi chozikidwa chozondoka chakonzeka kukula, ndipo mphamvu yokoka idzachita zina zonse, chifukwa njira iyi imamasula mwini nyumba ku zothandizira zomanga.

Chidule

Mochulukira, pa mawindo ndi makonde a hostesses simungawone maluwa okongoletsa, koma miphika yamaluwa yokhala ndi tomato wachitumbuwa, nkhaka, masamba obiriwira. Zosangalatsa zotere sizongosangalatsa m'maso, komanso m'mimba, popeza zipatso zokoma zimatha kukolola m'nyumba momwemo chaka chonse. Tekinoloje yolima tomato ndiyosavuta. Chinthu chachikulu ndikusankha zotengera, mitundu yoyenera ndikukonzekera kusakaniza kwa nthaka, ndipo zokolola sizichedwa kubwera.

Mutu Wodziwika