Manual trencher: kufotokozera, mawonekedwe, ubwino ndi kuipa

Manual trencher: kufotokozera, mawonekedwe, ubwino ndi kuipa
Manual trencher: kufotokozera, mawonekedwe, ubwino ndi kuipa
Anonim

Kumanga kwamakono sikuthanso popanda makina osuntha nthaka. Mmodzi wa iwo ndi trencher manual. M'kanthawi kochepa, angagwiritsidwe ntchito kukumba ngalande m'nthaka kuuma kulikonse. Njira zolumikizirana zauinjiniya, makina opangira magetsi, zingwe zoyankhulirana ndi mapaipi ayikidwa pamenepo.

Njira iyi simakonda kugulidwa ndi ogula wamba, chifukwa ndiyokwera mtengo. Mutha kudziwa zambiri zamitundu yofananira ndikumvetsetsa kuti ngakhale mtengo wocheperako kwa ambiri ungakhale wosapiririka. Choncho, musanagule, m'pofunika kuwunika kuchuluka kwa momwe mungagwiritsire ntchito chipangizocho, komanso ntchito zomwe mukufuna kuwakonzera.

Ngati zidazo zidzagwiritsidwa ntchito kamodzi pakumanga nyumba yakumidzi ndikumanga nyumba yosambiramo, ndiye kuti ndibwino kuganizira za kuthekera kobwereka. Njirayi ndi yabwinonso chifukwa simudzalipira ndalama zogulira zida zokha, komanso ntchito za katswiri yemwe adzakumba ngalande malinga ndi kukula kwanu kwakanthawi kochepa.

Mafotokozedwe

trencher manual

Manual trencher ndi kapangidwe kakechassis yotsatiridwa kapena yamawilo. Izi zimatsimikizira kukopa kwabwino komanso kukhazikika, zomwe zimakhala zowona ngakhale pamalo osagwirizana. Chigawo chodulira ndi chimodzi mwazinthu zofunika kwambiri. Ili ndi mawonekedwe a chimango cholimba komanso unyolo wodulira wokhala ndi sprocket yolimbana. Kuphatikiza apo, unyolo ukhoza kupangidwa ndi reverse. Izi zimakupatsani mwayi womasula chipangizocho ku miyala.

Mukayang'ana mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya ma trenchers, mudzatha kudziwonera nokha kuti ma model akugulitsidwa omwe amakupatsani mwayi wosintha mano. Opanga amaperekanso zitsanzo zomwe zimathandizidwa ndi maunyolo osiyanasiyana. Kutengera tsatanetsatane wa mtundu wina, imatha kukhala ndi:

  • ochepetsa liwiro;
  • hydraulic drive systems;
  • kudula matupi;
  • mapulawo;
  • zingwe zokwera;
  • dozer blade;
  • ma screws apadera.

Zotsatirazi zimafunika kutaya nthaka. Palinso zosankha za zida zotere zomwe zimathandizidwa ndi zida zina. The kudula wagawo akhoza kusuntha chifukwa cha injini, mphamvu imene imayamba 9 ndi kutha ndi 15 HP. ndi. Wogwiritsa azitha kuyang'anira chipangizochi mosavuta pogwiritsa ntchito ma levers, zogwirira ndi pedal.

Kuyendetsa kuli ndi kamangidwe kolimba ndipo sikufuna kukonza movutikira. Zitsanzo zambiri sizifuna ma shaft oyimirira, malamba ndi ma flywheels, omwe amatsimikiziridwa ndi zida za zida zomwe zili ndi mapampu a hydraulic. Trenchers ali ndi mapangidwe oganiza bwino, chifukwa cha izi, wogwiritsa ntchito ali ndi mwayikuchepetsa nthawi yokonza ndi kukonza.

Maubwino Ofunika Kwambiri

cabling

Trencher, monga tafotokozera pamwambapa, imagwiritsidwa ntchito poboola. Pambuyo pake, amagwiritsidwa ntchito kudzaza maziko a ntchito yomanga yamtsogolo. Komabe, ngalande zitha kufunikira poyala mapaipi a gasi ndi madzi, komanso ntchito zina zomanga.

Chifukwa cha kukula kwake, zida zomangirazi ndi njira yabwino yopangira malo opumira m'malo ovuta kufikako. Mutha kugwira ntchito ndi mayunitsiwa muzochitika zilizonse, pomwe ngalandezo zimapezedwa ndi m'mphepete mosalala, ndipo mutha kupita mwakuya pafupifupi 20 cm. Mtengo wokwanira pankhaniyi ndi 1 m.

Wotchera m'manja ali ndi mwayi wokhala ndi zokolola zambiri, zomwe zimakhala zowona makamaka poyerekeza ndi fosholo. Ngalande zokumbidwazo zitha kugwiritsidwa ntchito mthirira ndi ngalande, kukonza ulimi wothirira wodzichitira m'madera ochititsa chidwi.

Makina ofanana ndi omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito kugwetsa misewu ya phula pomanga ndi kukonza. Njirayi ndi yothandiza m'madera ozungulira malo ozungulira zinthu zomwe kumanga kwake kwatha. Ngati mukufuna kuyala mwala wammbali mwachangu, ndiye kuti simungathe kuchita popanda chipangizochi.

Kuipa kwa trenchers

mini trencher

Trenchers ali ndi zabwino zambiri, koma ogula amazindikiranso kuipa kwawo. Pakati pa ena ndi oyamba ayenera kuunikira mtengo wapamwamba. Ndinthawi zina zimakhudza mfundo yakuti wogula sangathe kukwanitsa njira yopapatiza, chifukwa iyenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito kawirikawiri. Choyipa china ndi kubwereketsa zida zodula. Komanso, mungagwiritse ntchito kokha ndi luso linalake. Koma ngati mudagulabe zida zotere, mutha kukumana ndi vuto lakusunga, chifukwa cha izi muyenera kugawa malo osiyana.

Komabe, wopereka ndalama m'nyumba mwayekha atha kukhala zothandiza kamodzi kapena kawiri kokha mukamanga nyumba ndi zomanga kunja. Choncho, musanagule chipangizo choterocho, muyenera kuganiza katatu, chifukwa mwinamwake mungathe kuwononga ndalama pa kugula kosapindulitsa.

Mafotokozedwe a TKMG-1200 trencher

yaying'ono Buku trencher

Buku ili laling'ono lokhala ndi trencher ndi chipangizo chomwe sichifunikira kulembetsa ndi Gostekhnadzor. Popanga zida zamtunduwu, zida zakunja zimagwiritsidwa ntchito, izi ziyenera kuphatikiza injini yamafuta yaku Japan. Kuyendetsa kwa thupi logwira ntchito ndi hydraulic.

Mwa zabwino zake zazikuluzikulu zamtunduwu ziyenera kuwunikira:

  • kukhazikika;
  • kudalirika pantchito;
  • kuwongolera liwiro.

Mutha kusintha kuzungulira kwa unyolo wodulira nokha. Ndizosatheka kutchulanso kuti zida izi zili ndi mphamvu zapamwamba chifukwa cha hydraulic drive. Injini yamafuta imagwira ntchito pozungulirapampu ya hydraulic.

Manual trencher TKMG-1200 ili ndi mtengo wovomerezeka. Nthawi zambiri amafananizidwa ndi ma analogues opangidwa ku England, USA ndi Germany. Komabe, ma analogue akunja, ngakhale ali ndi ma hydraulic drive, ndiokwera mtengo kwambiri. Ubwino wa kukhazikitsa uku si mtengo wokha, komanso kupezeka kwa zosankha zina mwa mawonekedwe a kuthekera koyika unyolo wachisanu. Amakulolani kuti mupereke mawonekedwe odana ndi kutsetsereka. Chigawochi chikhoza kuwonjezeredwa ndi kalavani yonyamulira kupita kumalo antchito.

Mafotokozedwe achitsanzo

ngalande m'mphepete

Ngati mukufuna kuyika chingwe, ndiye kuti mutha kusankha unsembe wa TKMG-1200. Miyeso yake yonse ndi 2850x880x1150 mm. Liwiro la mayendedwe amafika 4 km/h. Kutengera kuzama komwe ngalandeyo ikufunika kukumbidwa, komanso nthaka yogwirira ntchito, liwiro lakukumba limatha kusiyanasiyana, koma limafikira 1.5 m pamphindi.

Musanagule zida zomwe zafotokozedwazo, ndikofunikira kufunsa kuti kuya kwake kudzakhala kotani pamapeto pake. Trencher TKMG-1200 imakumba dothi ndi 1200 mm. Kutalika kwa ngalande ndi 90 mm. Izi zimagwiranso ntchito ngati unyolo wa "Arctic" umagwiritsidwa ntchito, pomwe nthaka iyenera kufanana ndi gulu la 4. Ngati tcheni cha unyolo chimagwiritsa ntchito unyolo wachilimwe, ndipo nthaka ikufanana ndi gulu la 1 kapena 2, ndiye kuti m'lifupi mwake mudzakhala 150 mm. Mphamvu yake ndi 16.4 kW kapena 22 hp. ndi. Tanki yamafuta imakhala ndi malita 20.

Zambiri zokhuza cholinga cha mtunduwo

unyolotrencher

Ndege yomwe tafotokozayi imagwiritsidwa ntchito kupanga ngalande mu dothi lozizira komanso losungunuka la gulu lachitatu. Mawonekedwe a recess pamapeto pake amatha kukhala amakona anayi. M'nthaka pakhoza kukhala inclusions ya mwala wosweka, m'mimba mwake wa zinthu zomwe zimafika 50 mm. Kupatulapo ndi nthaka yamadzi kapena yotayirira, komwe kumakhala kovuta kupeza ngalande yokhazikika.

Mini trencher iyi idapangidwa kuti izigwiritsidwa ntchito kumadera otentha. Mutha kugwira ntchito nthawi iliyonse pachaka, pomwe kutentha kozungulira kuyenera kukhala pakati pa -10 ndi +30 °C. Chinyezi chachifupi cha mpweya sichiyenera kupitirira 80%. Ndikofunikiranso kumvera fumbi lomwe lili mumlengalenga - liyenera kukhala lochepera 0.1 m3.

Zidziwitso zowonjezera zachipangizo

trencher zida zosinthira

The trencher ikuphatikiza:

  • thupi;
  • malo okwera;
  • chikhasu chotsamira;
  • bar chain;
  • tension mechanism.

Thupi lili ndi kalozera - tcheni cha bar chimatsetsereka motsatira. The drive sprocket shaft ndi zonyamula zimayikidwa mu bracket drive. Choyikacho chimakhala ndi mizati yopingasa ndi mabulaketi omwe amagwirizana ndi hitch. Choyikapo mbale chokhala ndi mabawuti asanu ndi limodzi chimakhazikika pathupi.

Nthaka imachotsedwa m'mphepete mwa ngalandeyo mothandizidwa ndi asterisk ndi auger, zomwe zimayikidwa pa shaft yoyendetsa. Kapangidwe kameneka kamathetsa kukhetsedwa kwa dothi mu ngalande. Ngati muyenera kugwira ntchito pafupi ndi mipanda kapenamakoma, auger ayenera kuchotsedwa. Kuti muchite izi, wononga chotchinga chotchinga cha auger sichimachotsedwa.

Cable Ground Trencher

Kuyika kwa chingwe kumatha kuchitidwa pogwiritsa ntchito trencher ngati chodulira. Amapangidwa kuti azikumba ngalande zakuya komanso zopapatiza. Ntchito yotereyi imatha kuchitika ngakhale m'nthaka yovuta yamiyala. Zida zoterezi zimakhala ndi zokolola zambiri, ndipo zitsanzo zina zimakhala ndi luso lotha kudyetsa chitoliro. Izi zimathandiza kuti zingwe zina zamagetsi ndi zoyankhulirana ziziyalidwa.

Mtengo wa zida zosinthira pamakina

Zida zomwe zafotokozedwazo ndizokwera mtengo kwambiri, monganso zina zosinthira za trencher. Mwachitsanzo, maunyolo akhoza kugulidwa pafupifupi 45,000 rubles. Koma sprocket yoyendetsedwa imawononga ma ruble 100.

Gulani kapena lendi

Ngati mukuchita nawo ntchito yomwe imafuna kugwiritsa ntchito pafupipafupi zida zomwe zafotokozedwa pazida zapadera, ndiye kuti zingakhale bwino kuzigula kusiyana ndi kubwereketsa. Komabe, ziyenera kukumbukiridwa kuti trencher yaing'ono imakutengerani ma ruble 150,000. osachepera. Mtengo wapamwamba umafika ma ruble 500,000.

Ngati mumagula trencher pa ntchito inayake, ndibwino kuti mubwereke. Makinawa amasankhidwa payekhapayekha, ndipo mtengo wobwereketsa nthawi zambiri umaphatikizapo kulipira kwa woyendetsa, komanso mtengo wazinthu zowonjezera.

Mapeto

Musanasankhe trencher, muyenera kulabadira zinthu zingapo, mwa izo osati mtengo ndi khalidwe, komanso.kuthekera kwa maphunziro oyendetsa, komanso kumasuka kwa ntchito. Ogula ambiri amatchera khutu pakugwiritsa ntchito mafuta, kudalirika kwa injini komanso kusungitsa chilengedwe. Ngakhale zida ndi zabwino bwanji, m'kupita kwanthawi zimatha kulephera. Chifukwa chake, muyenera kuganizira za kupezeka kwa malo ochitira chithandizo omwe amakonza zitsanzozo.

Mutu Wodziwika