Maluwa "chisangalalo cha amayi": chithunzi, momwe mungasamalire kunyumba

Maluwa "chisangalalo cha amayi": chithunzi, momwe mungasamalire kunyumba
Maluwa "chisangalalo cha amayi": chithunzi, momwe mungasamalire kunyumba
Anonim

Spathiphyllum, yomwe imadziwika kuti "chisangalalo cha azimayi", ndi chomera chobiriwira chobiriwira chomwe chimamera mwachilengedwe m'mphepete mwa malo osungiramo madzi ku New Guinea ndi South America. Olima maluwa ambiri atawona chomerachi, adaganiza zochikhazika m'nyumba zawo.

Zizindikiro zokhudzana ndi duwa

Duwa "chisangalalo cha amayi" chimatsimikizira dzina lake. Azimayi ndi atsikana achichepere amagwirizanitsa ziyembekezo zawo za moyo wachimwemwe waumwini ndi iye. Malingaliro awo, iwo sali pachabe. Ngakhale chinsinsi cha mphamvu zamatsenga zomwe duwa la "chisangalalo lachikazi" lili nalo likadali chinsinsi lero, mwachangu kwambiri azimayi omwe amalima mbewuyi kunyumba kwawo amapeza mtendere ndi chitukuko m'banjamo.

Pali zongopeka zambiri ndi nthano zokhuza zamatsenga za chomera chokongolachi. Onse amafotokoza momwe amayi mothandizidwa ndi chomerachi adachotsera kusungulumwa ndikupeza chisangalalo chabanja.

duwa wamkazi chisangalalo photo

Amapatsidwa kwa atsikana ndi amayi. Pankhaniyi, ndikofunikira kuti musagule mbewu m'sitolo nokha, komalandirani ngati mphatso kuchokera kwa okondedwa. Pali zizindikiro zambiri zokhudzana ndi duwa lakunyumba "chisangalalo cha amayi":

  • chomera chomwe amapatsidwa kwa mtsikana chimamupangitsa kukhala wokongola, wachifundo komanso wachikazi kwa amuna;
  • flower amapatsa atsikana mwayi woyambitsa banja;
  • mchipinda chogona cha okwatirana, duwa "chisangalalo chachikazi" chimathandiza kuchotsa mikangano ndi mikangano;
  • chomera chodabwitsa chimathandiza amayi oyembekezera kupirira mosavuta ndi pakati.

Mafotokozedwe

Duwa la "chisangalalo chachikazi", chomwe chithunzi chake chayikidwa m'nkhaniyi, ndi chitsamba chobiriwira chokhala ndi masamba obiriwira, koma opanda zimayambira. Kutalika kwake sikudutsa masentimita 50. Masamba achikasu-woyera a inflorescence amazunguliridwa ndi masamba owoneka ngati chipale chofewa omwe ali pamiyendo yayitali. M'kupita kwa nthawi, masamba amasanduka obiriwira.

duwa wamkazi chisangalalo chisamaliro zikhalidwe

Pedicle ndi masamba oblong amakula molunjika kuchokera pamizu. Mukabzala spathiphyllum mumphika, mudzapeza maluwa oyera ozunguliridwa ndi masamba obiriwira obiriwira.

Kukula

Alimi odziwa bwino maluwa akuti duwa lanyumba "chisangalalo cha amayi" limakonda ngodya ya m'chipindamo popanda kuyatsa kwambiri. Ndipo kuwala kwa dzuwa nthawi zambiri kumatha kuwononga mbewu, zomwe zimafunika chisamaliro ndi chisamaliro kuchokera kwa eni ake.

Imatengedwa ngati duwa lachilendo "chisangalalo cha azimayi". Kumusamalira kunyumba kumaphatikizapo kutsatira malamulo ena.

Kutentha ndi chinyezi

M'chipinda momwe spathiphyllum imamera,Kutentha kwa mpweya m'nyengo yozizira sikuyenera kutsika kuposa +15 ° C, ndipo m'chilimwe +22 ° C. Chomeracho sichimalora ma drafts. Kuphatikiza apo, chinyezi cha mpweya chiyenera kuyendetsedwa, popeza duwa la "chisangalalo chachikazi" linabwera kwa ife kuchokera kumayiko otentha. Mukhoza kukhazikitsa kasupe m'chipindamo kapena kupopera madzi masamba nthawi ndi nthawi.

duwa wamkazi chisangalalo mmene kusamalira

Kuwala

Spathiphyllum imafuna kuwala, kuwala. Yesetsani kuchiteteza ku dzuwa. Akatswiri amakhulupirira kuti malo abwino kwambiri a chomerachi adzakhala tebulo loyima pafupi ndi zenera, popeza kuwala kwamwazika pano kuposa pawindo.

Kuthirira

Kodi duwa la "chisangalalo chachikazi" limafunikira chiyani, momwe mungalisamalire kuti likhale lomasuka, lisauma, masamba ake sadade? M'nyengo yozizira, duwa silifuna kuthirira kwambiri, chifukwa mizu yake imatha kuzizira chifukwa cha kusintha kwa kutentha. Ndipo m'nyengo yachilimwe, mbewuyo imafunikira chinyezi. Yang'anani bwino duwalo - machitidwe ake adzakuuzani za dziko.

Mwalamulo, mbewuyo imathiriridwa kamodzi pa sabata m'nyengo yozizira, komanso osapitilira katatu m'chilimwe. Musagwiritse ntchito madzi osungunuka kapena a m'mabotolo pothirira. Njira yabwino kwambiri yomwe yayesedwa nthawi ndi nthawi ndi madzi apampopi wamba, omwe amakhazikika m'chotengera chotseguka kwa maola 24 kuti asungunuke chlorine.

Mutha kufewetsa ndi phulusa la nkhuni, madzi a mandimu, oxalic acid kapena viniga musanathiritse. Onjezerani pang'ono chinthu chomwe mwasankha m'madzi kalekuchirikiza. Osagwiritsa ntchito madzi owiritsa chifukwa amatha kuola mizu.

duwa wamkazi chisangalalo youma masamba

Drainage

Kusamalira duwa "chisangalalo chachikazi" kumaphatikizapo kusunga chikhalidwe chimodzi - kukhalapo kwa ngalande zamphamvu za ngalande. Zidzathandiza kuti chomeracho chikhale cholimba. Ngati madzi asungunuka, ndiye kuti mizu ya chomera imayamba kuvunda, ndipo vutoli lidzakhudzadi masamba. Pothirira ngalande, timiyala tating'ono, dongo lowonjezedwa, mchenga wa mitsinje wokhuthala nthawi zambiri amagwiritsidwa ntchito.

Kudyetsa

Ngati mukufuna kuti duwa lodabwitsali likusangalatseni ndi maonekedwe ake okonzedwa bwino kwa nthawi yayitali, lidyetseni nthawi ndi nthawi. Popanda njirayi yosavuta, maluwa adzakhala osakhazikika, ndipo mwina ayime palimodzi. Njira yosavuta yobwezeretsanso michere yamtengo wapatali m'nthaka ndiyo kugwiritsa ntchito feteleza wachilengedwe. Zitha kukhala zitosi za mbalame, mwachitsanzo.

M'sitolo yapadera mutha kugula feteleza wopangidwa kale wopangira maluwa. Kuvala kwapamwamba kumachitika osapitilira kamodzi pamwezi. Kupatulapo kungapangidwe kokha panthawi ya chitukuko chogwira ntchito, pamene chiwerengero cha kudyetsa chikhoza kuwonjezeka kufika pawiri pamwezi.

mkazi chisangalalo maluwa chisamaliro

Kubalanso

Duwa la "chisangalalo cha azimayi" nthawi zambiri limabzalidwa (kapena kubzalidwa) kumapeto kwa masika. Choyamba, muyenera kukonzekera gawo lapansi lokhala ndi humus, mchenga, turf, peat (magawo awiri a nthaka ya sod, ndi zina zotsala imodzi imodzi). Duwa lalikulu limakhala ndi mizu yambiri. Ayenera kupatulidwa mosamala kutiosavulaza chitsamba. Mphukira zazing'ono zokhala ndi mizu zimabzalidwa m'mitsuko yatsopano. Nthaka imathiridwa bwino ndi madzi okhazikika.

Alimi odziwa bwino maluwa amadziwa momwe angafalitsire duwa "chisangalalo cha amayi" pogawa rhizome. Koma iyi ndi njira yovuta kwambiri yomwe imafuna luso, chifukwa kuchita zolakwika kumatha kuwononga muzu ndi mphukira. Kufalitsidwa ndi njere sikumakonda kwambiri akatswiri, chifukwa kumatenga nthawi yambiri.

Ngati chitsamba cha duwa "chisangalalo chachikazi" chakula mwamphamvu, chiyenera kubzalidwa mumtsuko waukulu. Apo ayi, zomera zimachepetsa kukula ndikusiya maluwa. Konzani kusakaniza kwa nthaka molingana ndi Chinsinsi pamwambapa, ikani ngalande pansi pa mphika, kutsanulira pang'ono kusakaniza dothi pamwamba. Mosamala kusamutsa mbewu ndi kudzaza dziko lonse mu mphika. Mukabzala, spathiphyllum iyenera kuthiriridwa madzi ambiri.

mkazi chisangalalo maluwa chisamaliro kunyumba

Matenda

Chomera chapakhomo chikadwala, eni ake nthawi zambiri samadziwa momwe angachithandizire. Duwali likadwala, zizindikiro zotsatirazi zimawonekera:

  • Kukula kumachepetsa. Pankhaniyi, kuchepetsa kuthirira ndi kukonzanso mphika pang'ono shading. Thirirani mmera pansi pa muzu, ndi bwino kuti madzi asagwere pamasamba.
  • Nthawi zambiri, alimi oyambira amadandaula kuti masamba a duwa "chisangalalo cha azimayi" amawuma. Pali zifukwa zingapo za izi, ndipo chimodzi mwazo chikhoza kukhala malo a spathiphyllum. Ngati chomeracho chakhala pamalo owala kwa nthawi yayitali, ndiye kuti chikasumasamba angayambitse kuyanika kwa nthaka nthawi zonse. Anthu ambiri amaganiza kuti duwa "chisangalalo cha akazi" ndi losavuta kwambiri. Chisamaliro m'mikhalidwe ya kulima m'nyumba ndikofunikira kwa iye nthawi zonse, osati nthawi. Pokhapokha pazimenezi, spathiphyllum idzakusangalatsani ndi maonekedwe abwino kwa nthawi yaitali.
  • Mu chomera chachikulire, masamba achikasu amawonekera pambuyo pa maluwa, ndipo izi ndizochitika mwachibadwa, chifukwa nthawi yamaluwa, spathiphyllum imakhala ndi mphamvu zambiri ndipo inali yotopa.
  • Ngati masamba akuda kunsonga kwake, ndipo mawanga abulauni pakatikati pa tsamba, izi zitha kuwonetsa kukhalapo kwa tizilombo kapena kuthirira kwambiri kwa mmera. Tizirombo (kangaude, nsabwe za m'masamba kapena nsabwe za m'masamba) timawononga mbewu ngati mpweya wa m'chipindamo ndi wouma kwambiri.
  • Nsonga zakuda za masamba ndi madontho omwewo pakatikati pa mbale zimasonyeza kusowa kwa nitrogen, potaziyamu, phosphorous m'nthaka.
  • Nthawi zambiri nsonga za masamba zimauma ndi kusanduka zachikasu mukaubzala pamalo atsopano. Izi zikachitika kwa munthu wamkulu komanso wokhwima wa spathiphyllum, ndiye kuti m'pofunika kuwonjezera kuthirira.

N'chifukwa chiyani chomeracho sichimaphuka?

Kuti spathiphyllum ikule mwachangu ndikuphuka, ndikofunikira kupanga zofunikira pazofunikira zake. Mpweya wonyezimira pang'ono umathandizira kutulutsa maluwa kwa chomera chokongolachi. Simungasangalale ndi maluwa a "chisangalalo chachikazi", kuyimirira pachiwonetsero - uyu ndi m'modzi mwa adani ake akulu.

Mwinamwake mwasankha mphika wolakwika wa mbewu. "Chimwemwe cha Amayi" sichikonda zotengera zazikulu kwambiri. bzalani bwinoamakula ndi mwachangu limamasula kokha ngati mizu yake ndi zopiringizana kwambiri ndi kukhudzana wina ndi mzake. Osatengeka ndi miphika yayikulu kwambiri ya duwali.

kunyumba duwa mkazi chisangalalo

Musaiwale kuti kupatsirana ndiye vuto lamphamvu kwambiri pa chomera chilichonse, "chisangalalo cha azimayi" mwanjira iyi sichimodzimodzi. Osabwezeretsanso mbewu nthawi zambiri, ndikokwanira kumasula nthaka nthawi ndi nthawi kuti mpweya ulowe mumizu, ndikuwunika kuthirira mosamala.

Mwina olima maluwa ongoyamba kumene angadabwe kumva kuti kuvala pamwamba ndi feteleza sizingangowonjezera spathiphyllum, komanso kuwononga. Amayi ena apakhomo (zowona, ndi zolinga zabwino) kwenikweni "amadyetsa" maluwa omwe amawakonda ndi michere. Sakudziwa kuti feteleza wokhazikika amakhudza kwambiri mbewuyo. M`pofunika mosamalitsa kusunga mlingo ndi mawu kudya, amene anasonyeza pa onse, popanda kupatulapo, phukusi la zakudya formulations. Ngati izi sizikukwanirani, ndiye kuti akatswiri amaluwa omwe amagwira ntchito m'masitolo akuluakulu apadera amatha kupereka zambiri pamutuwu. Simuyenera kusokonezanso chomera chotulutsa maluwa, ndikuchikonzanso pamalo ndi malo.

Kukongola kokongola kwa duwali kumadalira kusamalidwa kwake mwadongosolo. Eni ake odziwa bwino chomera chotere amatsimikizira kuti duwa limakonda mbuye wake, chifukwa chake ayenera kukhala ndi nthawi yolankhulana naye. Adzakuyankhirani chisamaliro chanu ndikukula mwachangu komanso maluwa odabwitsa.

Mutu Wodziwika