Spathiphyllum Domino: chisamaliro cha mbewu

Spathiphyllum Domino: chisamaliro cha mbewu
Spathiphyllum Domino: chisamaliro cha mbewu
Anonim

Spathiphyllum… Chomera chobiriwira nthawi zonse chokhala ndi maluwa osazolowereka chimakondedwa ndi alimi ambiri. Ichi ndi chiweto chokongola kwambiri komanso chosasamala, chomwe maluwa ake amapitilira pafupifupi chaka chonse. Ndipo ndi chisamaliro choyenera, spathiphyllum idzakusangalatsani kwa zaka zingapo.

Mbiri ya zochitika ndi zina za duwa

Chomera chachilendochi cha banja la Aroid chimachokera kumayiko angapo ku South America ndi Asia. Spathiphyllums kuthengo amapezeka m'mitundu yambiri yamitundumitundu.

spathiphyllum domino maluwa

Zomera zilibe tsinde, ndipo maluwa apadera amakhala ngati chimanga chokhala ndi mbali yotuluka komanso chimango chonga matanga. Mbali ya duwa yomwe imafanana ndi ngala nthawi zambiri imakhala yoyera. Nthawi zina pamakhala zobiriwira, zobiriwira ndi zapinki.

Spathiphyllum Domino (chithunzi pamwambapa) ndi wodzichepetsa posamalira. Masamba okongola, owoneka ngati oval amawoneka odabwitsa mkati mwa chipinda chilichonse. Chomeracho ndi chokongolaimayeretsa mpweya, imawonjezera mpweya wa ozoni.

Zochititsa chidwi za Spathiphyllum

Malinga ndi zikhulupiriro zakale, duwa lapaderali limayimira chisangalalo cha akazi, limalimbikitsa maubwenzi abwino kwambiri komanso mgwirizano wabanja. Ili ndi nthawi yayitali yamaluwa komanso masamba owoneka bwino.

Spathiphyllum Domino idzakongoletsa mkati mwamtundu uliwonse. Nthawi yomwe imamera imagwirizana kwambiri ndi kuthekera kwa kugonana kokongola kuti ikhale ndi pakati ndikubala mwana wathanzi. Pachifukwa ichi, mabanja achichepere akulimbikitsidwa kugula mbewu zotere. Komanso duwali lili ndi zinthu zokopa amuna, choncho onetsetsani kuti mwapereka kukongolaku kwa chibwenzi chomwe sichinakwatiwe.

Zothandiza pamitengo

Spathiphyllum imayamwa zinthu zoipa monga formaldehyde, carbon monoxide, benzene. Chifukwa cha izi, zimakhala zosavuta kupuma m'chipindamo, pamene mpweya umakhala woyera. Kuphatikiza apo, duwa la Domino spathiphyllum ndilothandiza kwambiri polimbana ndi nkhungu. Amayamwa bwino poizoni wa m'mafakitale ndi m'nyumba, komanso nthunzi ya acetone, ammonia ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya mowa.

Njira yabwino ndikugula mbewu mnyumba yatsopano kapena nyumba mukaikonzanso. Palibe duwa lomwe limalimbana ndi zinthu zovulaza ngati spathiphyllum.

Spathiphyllum Domino. Mitundu Yazomera Zotchuka Zapanyumba

Pazonse, pali mitundu pafupifupi makumi anayi ya mmerawu, koma mitundu yocheperako ya spathiphyllum ndiyoyenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito kunyumba:

  • Wallis. Ndi chitsanzo cha zomera za m’banja lake. Ambiri amitundu. Duwali ndi lalitali masentimita 45, ndipo utali wa inflorescences umachokera ku 4 mpaka 10 cm. Wallis Spathiphyllum ndiye wodzichepetsa kwambiri pakusunga kunyumba.
  • Kumaluwa kwambiri. Ili ndi nthawi yayitali yamaluwa, zomwe zimafotokoza kutchuka kwa ziweto. Koma maluwawo amakhala ang'onoang'ono kukula kwake - 4-6 cm. Tsinde la peduncle limakhala pafupifupi masentimita 15 pamwamba pa tsamba.
  • Domino. Chomera chokongola kwambiri komanso chosaiwalika. Masamba ndi obiriwira obiriwira, pomwe mikwingwirima yoyera ngati chipale chofewa imakonzedwa mwachisawawa mu mawonekedwe a oblong. Nsonga zamasamba ndizoloza.
  • Chopin ndi katsamba kakang'ono, kutalika kwa masentimita 30–35. Mtundu uwu uli ndi masamba owoneka bwino atali ndi mitsempha. Chopin ali ndi fungo labwino, lomwe silimafanana ndi maluwa ochita kupanga.
  • Cupido. Chomera chomwe chatchuka chifukwa cha maluwa ake ambiri, pomwe ma inflorescence 8-10 amawonekera. Maluwa amaoneka okongola kuseri kwa masamba obiriwira.
  • Gemini. Bract oval yokhala ndi mapeto akuthwa. Tikayerekeza spathiphyllum Gemini ndi Domino, kusiyana kungawoneke mu bract, yomwe ili ndi mawonekedwe ozungulira. Kufanana kwa mitundu yosiyanasiyana kuli m'madontho a pamasamba.
  • Picasso. Ali ndi kukula kwakukulu. Masamba amakopeka ndi mitundu yokongola, kuwonjezera pa obiriwira kotheratu, palinso masamba oyera kwathunthu. Picasso imawoneka yokongola kwambiri komanso yochititsa chidwi.
  • Alana. Ali ndi kukula kokulirapo. Masamba ndi obiriwira owala, akuloza pang'ono. Iwo ndi perpendicular.
  • Mauna Loa. Chabwinooyenera kulimidwa kunyumba. Maluwa amakhala ndi nthawi yayitali, ndipo akadulidwa, duwalo limakhala lakuda kwa mwezi wathunthu.
  • Zomverera. Imatengedwa kuti ndi imodzi mwazomera zapanyumba zokongola kwambiri. Ngati zisamaliridwa bwino, duwa limakula mpaka masentimita 50. Ma inflorescence ake amakhalanso owoneka bwino komanso amakhala ndi nthawi yayitali yamaluwa.
  • Ofiira. Uwu ndi mtundu winanso wochititsa chidwi wa zomera. Mwa kugawa, imatha kufotokozedwa ngati anthurium. M'masitolo ena amaluwa, ogulitsa amathirira nthaka ndi madzi achikuda kuti apeze mtundu wa perianth woyengedwa kwambiri. Ndizosowa kwambiri kugulitsa.
Spathiphyllum domino mitundu

Spathiphyllum Domino, chisamaliro chapakhomo chomwe sichovuta kwenikweni, ndichosalima, chomwe chimayamikiridwa kwambiri ndi olima maluwa. Ngakhale kuti kuthengo duwa limamera kumadera otentha, silimasankha kuunikira ndi chinyezi. Chachikulu ndichakuti musaiwale kuthirira ndi kubzalanso chaka chilichonse.

Kukonzekera nthaka yobzala

Ndibwino kugwiritsa ntchito zosakaniza zapadera zomwe zimagulitsidwa m'masitolo amaluwa. Ngati mutabzala spathiphyllum m'nthaka yokonzedwa kale, ndiye kuti simuyenera kuthira manyowa mwezi wamawa. Kuti mizu isawole, ngalande yabwino imayikidwa mu chidebe ndi duwa. Ndibwino kuti nthawi zonse muzimasula nthaka kuti mizu ipume. Dothi lovomerezeka pobzala:

  • peat;
  • leaf land;
  • humus;
  • mchenga;
  • khungwa la mtengo wonyezimira;
  • malala.

Mu spathiphyllum yakale, pamafunika kusintha mosanjikiza pamwamba pa dziko lapansi. Izi zitha kuchitika popanda kubzala mbewu.

Kusankha mpando mchipindamo

Zomera zimakonda kuwala kowala, koma kuwala kwadzuwa ndikoyenera kupewa chifukwa kumapangitsa masamba kuyaka. Choncho, ngati kuwala kugwa pa duwa, ndi bwino kuphimba. Mu nyengo zina, sill zenera kum'mwera chakum'mawa ndi wangwiro. M'nyengo yozizira, kutentha kumayamba, ndipo sipafunikanso kuyatsa kwina kwa mbewu.

chithunzi cha spathiphyllum domino

Kutentha kovomerezeka sikuyenera kupitirira 17 ° C, m'chilimwe duwa limamveka bwino ngakhale pa 22-25 ° C. Ngati spathiphyllum Domino (chithunzichi chikuwonetsa kukongola kwa duwa) madzi ambiri, ndiye kuti amapirira kutentha. M'pofunika kudziwa pasadakhale malo ake. Spathiphyllum Domino, monga mitundu ina yonse, salola kukonzanso pafupipafupi ndipo sakonda zojambula.

Samalirani: kuthirira mbewu ndi feteleza

M'chilimwe ndi masika, domino spathiphyllum imathiriridwa ndi madzi ofunda, okhazikika. Kusamalira zomera kumaphatikizanso kupopera mbewu mankhwalawa, komanso kupukuta fumbi.

chisamaliro cha spathiphyllum domino

Kusamalira maluwa kumaphatikizapo kuthira feteleza ndi mineral complexes, zomwe zimagulitsidwa m'masitolo apadera. Ndibwino kuti mudyetse zomera kuyambira April mpaka September, pamene pali kukula kwachangu. Nthawi yabwino kwambiri imakhala kamodzi masiku khumi ndi anayi aliwonse.

Momwe mungasinthire?

Kubzalanso mbewu ndi chimodzi mwazinthu zofunika kwambiri pakusamalira spathiphyllum. Mphika wa chitsanzo chaching'ono uyenera kukhala wamkulu wa 3-4 cm kuposa mizu. Chaka chilichonse, kumapeto kwa dzinja, Domino spathiphyllum imabzalidwa. Ngalande ziyenera kuyikidwa pansi pa chidebe chatsopano, ndiye mizu ya mbewuyo imakutidwa ndi dothi komanso tamped. Kuchuluka kwa hydration kumapangitsa kuti spathiphyllum ikhale yabwino pamalo atsopano. Kuveka kwapamwamba kwa mbewu kumayamba kuyambira mwezi wamawa mutabzala.

Kufalitsidwa ndi mphukira zazing'ono

Pakasinthitsa mbewu, mutha kulekanitsa mphukira zazing'ono nthawi yomweyo. Pankhaniyi, Ndi bwino kulekanitsa muzu tuber, komanso chapamwamba njira. Ngati simukufuna kuti spathiphyllum (Domino mitundu) ikule, siyani mphukira imodzi kuti mukaibzala m'nyengo yozizira.

chisamaliro cha spathiphyllum domino

Kuti spathiphyllum ikhale yamphamvu, kumtunda kwa mbewu kumasiyidwa m'madzi kwa masiku 14-20. Mizu ikamera, mbewuyo imabzalidwa m'dothi lokonzedwa.

Mavuto posamalira mbewu

Ngakhale kuphweka komanso kudzichepetsa posamalira spathiphyllum, nthawi zambiri pamakhala madandaulo okhudzana ndi kusowa kwa maluwa, chikasu cha masamba ndi zovuta zina. Mavuto omwe angakhalepo:

  1. Masamba akusanduka achikasu. Izi zimachitika chifukwa chosowa chinyezi. Madzi olimba amatsogoleranso chomera ku chikhalidwe chofanana. Ndikofunikira kukhazikitsa ndondomeko yothirira, kugawa chidebe chosiyana momwe madzi adzakhazikika. Ngati mtundu wa masamba udakhala wakuda mpaka bulauni, ndiye kuti chifukwa chake ndizotheka kudyetsa mbewu mopitilira muyeso komanso kuchuluka kwa mbewu.zakudya.
  2. Masamba akusanduka akuda. Izi zikusonyeza kuti mbewu alibe madzi okwanira, kapena mosemphanitsa, pali owonjezera. Mukhozanso kuganiza kusowa kwa nayitrogeni m'nthaka. Mfundozi zikakonzedwa, masamba a mbewuyo amasinthidwa pang'onopang'ono.
  3. Nsonga za masamba zimauma. Izi zikuwonetsa kusowa kwa chinyezi komanso mpweya wouma kwambiri. Musaiwale kuti Domino spathiphyllum ndi chomera chotentha. Kupopera mbewu mankhwalawa nthawi zonse ndi madzi kudzathetsa vutoli. Njirayi imasinthidwa ndikusamba kwa masiku asanu ndi awiri.
  4. Simaphuka akakula. Chifukwa chikhoza kukhala chifukwa cha kusowa kwa madzi kapena kudya kosakwanira kwa zomera. Kuphatikiza apo, kusowa kwa mchere kumachepetsa kukula kwa spathiphyllum, koma vutoli liyenera kuthetsedwa mosamala kwambiri. Kutentha kumakhalanso kofunikira kwambiri, m'chipinda chozizira ndizovuta kwambiri kuti mukwaniritse maluwa. Ma inflorescence omwe adafota kale ayenera kuchotsedwa, ndipo tsinde lidulidwe pamizu.
Spathiphyllum domino variegated

Kuvuta kosiyanasiyana pakukula kwa mmera kumatha chifukwa cha matenda ndi tizirombo. Kuti spathiphyllum Domino (variegated) isafe, muyenera kuyang'anira kuchuluka kwa masamba ndi nthaka nthawi zonse.

Mitengo

Monga zotsatira zake kuti mitundu yonse ya zomera ndi yofanana kukula kwake, kusiyana kwa mtengo kumakhala kochepa. Mitengo imayamba kuchokera ku ma ruble 600. kwa zomera zazing'ono ndi zazing'ono. Spathiphyllums zazikulu, zokulirapo zimawononga pafupifupi ma ruble 3,000. Kuphatikiza apo, ngati duwa lili ndi masamba, limachulukitsa mtengo wake.

Zomera zimagulitsidwa payekha komansoseti. Mwachitsanzo, assortment ya mitundu isanu ndi inayi idzagula za 6-7,000 rubles. Ma seti oterowo ndi oyenera kumaofesi, otolera maluwa komanso ngati mphatso.

Matenda akulu ndi tizirombo

  1. Mphukira zazing'ono zimakhudzidwa ndi akangaude. Kumupeza ndikosavuta chifukwa cha intaneti yomwe amamasula. Chotsani vutoli pothira mapepala ndi madzi a sopo. Zikachitika kwambiri, mankhwala ophera tizirombo amayenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito.
  2. Shchitovka ndi imodzi mwa tizirombo tambirimbiri towononga spathiphyllum. Ngati mawanga a convex apezeka kumbuyo kwa tsamba, duwalo liyenera kusamutsidwa nthawi yomweyo kumalo okhala kwaokha omwe ali kutali ndi zomera zina. Kenako, masambawo amatsukidwa ndi madzi a sopo ndi kuwapaka ndi tchipisi ta fodya. Zinthu zomwe zimakhudzidwa ndi tizilombo zimachotsedwa. Ngati ndi kotheka, mankhwala amapakidwa.
  3. M'chilimwe, nsabwe za m'masamba zimaukira zomera zakunyumba. Kuonongeka kwa tizirombozi kumachitika posamalira masamba mobwerezabwereza ndi mankhwala apadera.
  4. Mealybug imathanso kuwononga mbewu. Imabisala pakati pa masamba ndipo imazindikirika mosavuta poyang'anitsitsa chomeracho. Tizilombo tating'onoting'ono timachotsedwa ndi mowa, ndipo matenda akuluakulu akulimbikitsidwa kuti athetsedwe pogwiritsa ntchito mankhwala apadera.
spathiphyllum domino

Pazikhalidwe zina ndikupereka chisamaliro chabwino, Domino's spathiphyllum imakusangalatsani ndi maluwa pafupifupi chaka chonse, chomwe,onetsetsani kuti mukuwunikira chipinda chilichonse.

Mutu Wodziwika