Dzitani nokha chitseko: malangizo a sitepe ndi sitepe

Dzitani nokha chitseko: malangizo a sitepe ndi sitepe
Dzitani nokha chitseko: malangizo a sitepe ndi sitepe
Anonim

Lero, kukhazikitsa arch ndi manja anu ndi njira yotchuka yokonzera malo amkati. Zikuwoneka bwino kwambiri kuposa khomo wamba pakati pa zipinda. Kuonjezera apo, n'zotheka kusunga malo ochepa omwe amapita kukatsegula chitseko. Izi ndi zoona makamaka m'nyumba zazing'ono.

Arch parameters

Musanayambe kukonza chipilalacho ndi manja anu, muyenera kuchita zingapo zokonzekera. Ndikofunikira kuyeza khomo, kukonza mawonekedwe a arch, komanso kuwerengera miyeso yake. Ndikofunikira kwambiri kuyeza m'lifupi mwa khomo lomwe lilipo, komanso kutalika kwake. Apa ndikofunikira kuganizira nthawi yotereyi - kuyika chipikacho kudzachepetsa kutalika kwa ndimeyi pafupifupi 10-15 cm. kuposa 2 metres. Kupanda kutero, ndi bwino kungokongoletsa mipata iyi ndi zina zokongoletsa.

Dzichitireni nokha arch

Kugwira ntchito ndi miyeso yotsegulira

Mwachilengedwe, m'lifupi mwake ndi mtunda wapakati pa makoma a khomo. Kuti akwaniritsesemicircle yolondola ya arch, muyenera kuyeza mtunda uwu, ndikugawa ndendende pakati. Musanayambe ntchito iliyonse unsembe, muyenera kusankha mawonekedwe a Chipilala ndi zipangizo.

Njira yodziwika bwino ndikudzipangira nokha matabwa a plasterboard. Ndikofunika kwambiri kuti mudziwe musanakhazikitse ngati makoma otsegulira ali okwanira ofukula komanso ngakhale. Izi ndizofunikira kwambiri pazida zamtundu wa semi-circular. Ngati makoma aliwonse ali osagwirizana, ndiye kuti izi ziyenera kukonzedwa ndi putty. Pazida zofunika ndi zida zomwe zingakuthandizeni kukonza chipilalacho ndi manja anu, mudzafunika:

  • drywall;
  • mbiri;
  • dowels;
  • zikululu ndi zomangira;
  • rola wokhala ndi singano;
  • arch angle yokhala ndi mabowo;
  • latex type putty.

Choyamba ndi kakonzedwe ka mbali zakutsogolo za potsegulira.

Zopanga tokha m'munda

Njira yoyamba

Pakukonza gawo lakutsogolo, muyenera kutola zidutswa ziwiri zowuma. Kuti mukhale ndi semicircle panthawi yodula, pali njira ziwiri.

Njira yoyamba imakhudza kugwiritsa ntchito chingwe, koma pokhapokha ngati sichikutambasula. Chipangizocho chimamangirizidwa ku pensulo, pambuyo pake ma radius a semicircle amalembedwa. Radiyo idzakhala mtengo womwe unapezedwa chifukwa cha kuyeza m'lifupi mwa kutsegula ndikugawa pakati. Mwachitsanzo, ngati miyeso yotsegulira ndi mita 1, ndiye kuti radius idzakhala masentimita 50. Pankhaniyi, kuchokera pamwamba pa pepala la zinthu.bwererani pansi 60 cm ndikujambula mzere. Mtengo uwu umapezeka mwa kungowonjezera theka la m'lifupi, wina 10 cm ndi mtunda umene umayambira pamwamba pa kutsegulira ndikufika pamwamba pa mapangidwe a arched. Chithunzi cha chipilala chopangidwa ndi manja chidzawonetsedwa.

Kenako, muyenera kudula pepala la drywall m'lifupi mwake, ndiye kuti, masentimita 100. Pachidutswa chodulidwa, chapakati chalembedwa, kuti muchite izi, muyenera kubwerera kumbuyo kuchokera pamwamba. kutalika kwa 50 cm. Mfundo iyi idzakhala chiyambi cha semicircle. Kenako, pensulo imatengedwa ndi chingwe chomangirira 50 cm kutalika ndikujambula semicircle. Motero, kampasi yachilendo idzatulukira. Ngati zonse zidachitika molondola, ndiye kuti zotsatira zake zimakhala ngati semicircle.

Zopangira tokha pawindo

Njira yachiwiri

Dzitani nokha chitseko kapena chopangidwa ndi akatswiri chikuyenera kukhala ndi semicircle. Njira yachiwiri yopezera izi ikuwoneka motere.

Kukonzekera plinth yofewa. Pambuyo pake idzagwiritsidwa ntchito kujambula semicircle pa pepala lowuma. Kuti muchite izi, muyenera kudula rectangle kuchokera pa pepala lalikulu ndi miyeso ya masentimita 100x60. Masentimita 50 amayezedwa kuchokera m'mphepete, ndipo mizere iwiri imapangidwa. Ikani kadontho polumikiza mizere yonse iwiri. Kenako, plinth yofewa imatengedwa ndikupindika mbali zonse ziwiri, potero imapanga semicircle. Mbali yowoneka bwino kwambiri ya kapangidwe kake kayenera kukhala pamzere womwewo ndi mfundoyo. Ngati zonse zili zolondola, ndiye kuti m'mphepete mwa semicircle iyenera kulumikizidwa m'mphepete mwa rectangle. Komanso, amakokedwa basiarc yomwe gawo lofunidwa limadulidwa. Izi zitha kuchitika bwino ngati pali wothandizira.

chipilala cha miyala

Kupanga chipilala ndi manja anu. Malangizo a sitepe ndi sitepe

Semicircle ikapezedwa, mutha kupitiliza kugwira ntchito ndi chimango. Kuti mukonzekere, muyenera kugwiritsa ntchito mbiri yomwe mudagula kale.

Choyamba kuchita ndikulumikiza mbiri m'mphepete mwa m'lifupi mwa chitseko - 1m pamenepa. Adzakweranso mbali zonse ziwiri. Ngati makoma amapangidwa ndi konkriti, ndiye kuti ndi bwino kugwiritsa ntchito dowel-screws kukonza. Ngati amapangidwa ndi matabwa, ndiye kuti ndi bwino kugwiritsa ntchito zomangira zokhazokha. Kuti chipilalacho chikhale chowoneka bwino ndi khoma, chiyenera kuyanjidwa ndikutsegula ndi 11-12 mm. Pambuyo kukwera kwa drywall ndikuyika putty, mtunda uwu udzabisika ndi makulidwe azinthuzo.

Zopanga tokha

Patsogolo pazamalonda

Dzipangeni nokha arch kukhazikitsa sitepe ndi sitepe kumaphatikizapo gawo lachiwiri - gwirani ntchito ndi gawo lakutsogolo. Pambuyo pazithunzi ziwiri za 600 mm aliyense adadulidwa ndikuyika potsegulira, tikhoza kuganiza kuti chimango chakonzeka. Ndikofunikira kuzindikira apa kuti pansi kuyenera kudulidwa pang'onopang'ono, apo ayi zidzakhala zoonekeratu, monga momwe zipilala zochepetsera pansi.

Pofuna kukonza zinthu zakutsogolo pamapangidwe a arch, zomangira zachitsulo zimagwiritsidwa ntchito. Mwachibadwa, ngati mukufuna kukhala ndi mapangidwe ovuta kwambiri a mankhwala, ndiye kuti chimango chiyenera kukonzedwa m'njira yoyenera. Chotsatira ndikutseka kwa mbali zomalizira za dongosolo. Kuti muchite izi, m'pofunika kusonkhanitsa chimango choterocho chomwe chidzatheka kukhazikitsa chinthu chopindika. Nthawi zambiri, mbiri ya 27x28 mm imagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga izi.

Kumaliza bwino ntchito pakadali pano kuwonetsetsa kupezeka kwazitsulo zazitsulo zokhala ndi makina opangira masika. Kuti mupereke mawonekedwe a arc ku mbiriyo, muyenera kudula mwanjira inayake. Ziwiri za mbali zake zitatu zadulidwa. Popeza mawonekedwe a chipangizocho ndi ofanana ndi chilembo P, ayenera kutembenuzira mbali molunjika. Kenako idzayikidwa kumanja kwa arch structure.

Kupanga chipilala chamkati ndi manja anu kumaphatikizapo kutseka mbali yachiwiri ya chimango. Ntchito zonse zimachitika chimodzimodzi pogwiritsa ntchito mbiri. Pambuyo pake, muyenera kuyamba kupanga mabala kuchokera pakati pa mbiri mpaka pamwamba kwambiri pafupifupi 40 mm iliyonse. Motero, njoka inayake idzasonkhanitsidwa. Idzayikidwa m'mphepete mwa semicircle. Ndikofunikira kudziwa kuti kupindika kopindika, ndiye kuti mtunda pakati pa makoko uyenera kukhala wocheperako.

Arch kwa chipinda

Arch Reinforcement

Kuti mulimbikitse mapangidwe a chitseko cha pakhomo ndi manja anu, muyenera kudula mipiringidzo ndikuyiyika mu chimango ngati njoka. Mwachilengedwe, ngati kuyika kwa arch kumachitika m'magawo owonda kwambiri, ndiye kuti miyeso ya pepalayo iyeneranso kukhala yaying'ono. Kuti zisawononge zinthu pachabe, kutalika kwa mzere wolimbikitsira kumatengedwa ndi malire. Ngati ndi owonjezera, ndiye kuti kudula sikovuta. Ndipo ngati sikokwanira, idzakhala yopanda kanthukuwonongeka kwa zinthu.

Kuti mukwaniritse mawonekedwe olondola a kapangidwe kake, m'pofunika kukonza ngodya ya perforated arched mozungulira mozungulira mozungulira.

Chipinda chamkati

Arch decor

Mwachilengedwe, arch palokha sichitha nthawi zonse kukwaniritsa chikhumbo chofuna kukonza mawonekedwe a chipindacho. Kuwongolera mawonekedwe, pali njira zambiri zokongoletsa. Mapangidwewo amapakidwa utoto wamitundu yofanana ndi makoma a mnyumbamo, amakutidwa ndi zinthu monga matabwa kapena pulasitiki, omalizidwa ndi mwala wokongoletsa pogwiritsa ntchito pulasitiki, yokongoletsedwa ndi stucco kapena mizati yokonzeka.

Kukongoletsa komaliza kwa arch, mutha kugwiritsa ntchito zida zachilengedwe komanso zoyambira. Kusankhidwa kwa zida zopangira kumangotengera lingaliro loyambirira lopanga. Chosankhacho chidzawoneka choyambirira kwambiri pamene m'mphepete mwa makoma ndi mabwalo amapangidwa ndi clinker kapena mwala wokongoletsera.

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