Zopangira makoma mkati: zithunzi, zosankha, malingaliro abwino kwambiri

Zopangira makoma mkati: zithunzi, zosankha, malingaliro abwino kwambiri
Zopangira makoma mkati: zithunzi, zosankha, malingaliro abwino kwambiri
Anonim

Mukamayamba kukonzanso nyumba, nthawi zambiri siling'i ndi makoma amapaka utoto, pulasitala, makoma kapena mapanelo okongoletsa. Koma ngati kumapeto kwa ntchito mulibe zest zokwanira, omasuka kugwiritsa ntchito makoma akamaumba. Kukonzekera kotereku kudzathandiza kupanga zojambulajambula padenga kapena khoma pamwamba pa chipindacho. Simunakumanepo ndi lingaliro la "kuumba" panobe ndipo mulibe lingaliro la momwe mungagwirire nawo ntchito? Ndiye nkhaniyi ndi yanu.

Kuumba ndi chiyani?

Zomaumba ndi zigawo zapamutu ngati mawonekedwe okongoletsa. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito kukongoletsa makoma. Pamwamba ndi plinth yotereyi imawoneka yochititsa chidwi ndipo imapatsa chipindacho mawonekedwe apadera. Pali mitundu yotereyi yomaumba:

  • chosema;
  • chathyathyathya;
  • convex;
  • ndi zambiri zazing'ono.

Utali wa chikumbutso sichidutsa mamita awiri, koma m'lifupi ndi mawonekedwe ndizosiyana. Nthawi zambiri chinthu chomanga chimagwiritsidwa ntchito m'zipinda zokhala ndi denga lochepa, chifukwa zimakulitsa malowo. Komanso, kukongoletsa khoma kumaphimba ndikuchotsa zolakwika zomwe zimachitika pomaliza.

Zomangira pamakoma mu chithunzi chamkati

Kuchotsa cholakwika si ntchito yayikulu yakuumba. Ntchito yayikulu ndikukongoletsa makoma. Kugwiritsa ntchito zokongoletsera kumathandizira kupanga mapangidwe apadera osati pansi pa denga lokha, komanso padenga pawokha.

Musanagwiritse ntchito zomangira, ganizirani mosamala ndikuyesa chilichonse, popeza chipinda chilichonse mnyumbamo chimakhala ndi mawonekedwe ake komanso magwiridwe ake. Chonde dziwani kuti:

  • Kwa zipinda zokhala ndi denga lochepa, zomangira zopyapyala ndi zowoneka bwino ndizoyenera, zomwe zimasankhidwa potengera mtundu wa chipindacho, komanso denga.
  • Kukula kwa chipindacho ndikofunikira. Pachipinda chachikulu, ndi bwino kusankha zinthu zazikulu ndi zazikulu, ndipo pachipinda chaching'ono, sankhani milozo yokongola.
  • Mkati mwa chipinda ndikofunika posankha zojambulajambula. Chilichonse chiyenera kuoneka chogwirizana komanso chophatikizika.

Kugwiritsa ntchito kuumba pamakoma mkati kumapangitsa kuti zitheke kuyatsa zongopeka, kuyesa, kutenga chinthu chosangalatsa komanso chachilendo. Posankha mtundu wa kuumba kwa kalembedwe ka mkati ndi mtundu wa chipinda, pangani malo abwino komanso osangalatsa kwa nthawi yabwino.

Zinthu zogwiritsidwa ntchito popanga zinthu

Kuumba ndi chinthu chokongoletsera chomwe chimagwiritsidwa ntchito kumalizitsa mkati mwa nyumba kapena nyumba. Ichi ndi chowonjezera chokongoletsera cha zitseko, makoma, ndi kudenga. Kukonzekera kosankhidwa bwino kudzatsindika kukongola ndi chitonthozo cha chipindacho. Kwa zaka zoposa 5, kugwiritsa ntchito makoma a khoma kumakhalabe chimodzimodziotchuka. Kodi zinthu zokongoletserazi zimapangidwa ndi chiyani? Ndiosiyana:

  • kuumba;
  • gypsum;
  • marble;
  • pulasitiki;
  • kuumba thovu;
  • polyurethane.

Zosankha zonse zimasiyana mphamvu, mawonekedwe ndi mtengo. Pogula akamaumba, kulabadira ubwino ndi kuipa kwawo. Kugwira ntchito kwina kwa malowo komanso kukonza mipando m'chipindamo kumadalira izi. Pansipa pali chithunzi chomangirira pamakoma mkati mwa chipinda chochezera, ndikugogomezera bwino kapangidwe kake.

Zopangira khoma

Ubwino ndi kuipa kwa zida

Zinthu zonse zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga zomangira zimakhala ndi zabwino komanso zoyipa. Utumiki wowonjezera wa mankhwala mu chipinda cha mtundu umodzi kapena wina umatengera kusankha kwa mtundu wa mankhwala, chifukwa microclimate ya chipinda imakhala ndi zotsatira zosiyana pamtundu uliwonse wa zinthu zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga masiketi.

Zamatabwa

Zopangira matabwa zimagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati zokongoletsera komanso zoteteza kumtunda ku zovuta zamakina. Kwa nyumba yamatabwa, ndi bwino kusankha matabwa akuluakulu, ndipo zoonda zimagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati mafelemu a zithunzi kapena magalasi. Mosiyana ndi zipangizo zina, matabwa amakhala ndi ubwino zotsatirazi:

  • yosavuta kuyikonza ndikupenta;
  • yamphamvu ndi yodalirika;
  • mwa chisamaliro chabwino kumatenga zaka zambiri;
  • zimamatira bwino.

Kuchotsa zinthu zamatabwa - zolemera kwambiri. Chifukwa chake, ambuye amavomerezalimbitsani zomangira ndi zomangira zokha. Wood imadziwika ndi kuvunda, kuyamwa kwa chinyezi. Choncho, nthawi ndi nthawi, tizilombo toyambitsa matenda tizilombo toyambitsa matenda tizilombo toyambitsa matenda. Kuphatikiza apo, kuumba koteroko ndikokwera mtengo.

Kukongoletsa kwa makoma

Zogulitsa thovu

Styrofoam, mosiyana ndi nkhuni, ndi yosamva chinyezi komanso yopepuka. Ndikosavuta kuyika chithovu chowumba ngakhale pamalo osagwirizana, chifukwa chimapindika mokongola. Koma, mwatsoka, pali kuchotsera kwakukulu, ndipo izi ndizovuta. Styrofoam ndizovuta kupenta ndi putty. Posamalira makulidwe otere, sankhani zotsukira bwino, ma vanishi ndi utoto.

Polystyrene

Pokongoletsa makoma ndi ma polystyrene moldings, ndikofunika kuzindikira kuti ali ndi malo ovuta, koma, ngakhale izi, amapakidwa bwino. Kuwala kulemera facilities unsembe wa dongosolo. Kujambula kwa polystyrene ndikotsika mtengo kwambiri kuposa nkhuni ndipo kumadutsa njira ya bajeti. Zogulitsa zotere zimatha zaka 10 kapena mpaka mutaganiza zoyambanso kukonza.

Gypsum

Ngati mukufuna kuwona zowoneka bwino komanso zowoneka bwino mnyumbamo, ndiye kuti gypsum ikuyenerani. Gypsum plinth imasiyana ndi zida zina chifukwa mankhwalawa amatha kumangirizidwa ndi mawonekedwe apadera a gypsum. Zabwino komanso, zofunika kwambiri, chisamaliro choyenera chidzatsimikizira kukhazikika kwa mankhwalawa. Zoyipa zina pakumangira gypsum:

  • poyika plinth, chinthu chachikulu sikuti mugwetse chinthucho, chifukwa zinthu zake ndi zosalimba;
  • magulu okwera mtengo;
  • pokhazikitsa, pemphani thandizo kwa mabwana, ndipo iyi ndi ntchitoadalipira;
  • gypsum molding heavy;
  • sikulekerera chinyezi.

Gwiritsani ntchito gypsum pomanga makoma amkati okwera mtengo.

Kukongoletsa khoma ndi zomangira

Mitundu ina

Zitsulo, pulasitiki ndi mphira nthawi zambiri zimapezeka m'masitolo. Amagulitsidwa ngati njanji kapena ngodya zachitsulo. Labala ndi pulasitiki ndi zomatira zokha.

Zopangira mkati mwa chipinda chochezera

Kukongoletsa kwa makoma okhala ndi zomangira mchipinda cha alendo kuli ndi zina. Kuti mukwaniritse zomwe mukufuna m'tsogolomu, choyamba jambulani chithunzi chofananira, poganizira zatsatanetsatane ndi ma nuances a mankhwalawa. Pali zosankha zazikulu zisanu zogwiritsira ntchito zomangira mchipinda cha alendo:

  1. Ikani ngati plinth. Ngati mankhwalawa ali mumtundu wa denga, ndiye kuti izi zidzawonjezera malo. Pazifukwa zotere, mu 90% ya milandu, zomata zodzimatira zimasankhidwa.
  2. Denga nthawi zambiri limakongoletsedwa ndi matabwa, m'lifupi mwake molunjika zimatengera kutalika kwa denga. Kukwera kwake ndikokulirapo, ndikokulirapo.
  3. Kumangira kwa stucco kumagwiritsidwa ntchito kukongoletsa chipindacho, izi zikuthandizani kuti mupange mapatani padenga, kuphatikiza zongopeka.
  4. M'nyumba zokhala ndi denga lalitali, kuti mubise kukula kwake kofunikira, mzere wina wa ma skirting board umamatiridwa pamwamba pa makoma.
  5. Ndi zokongoletsa pakhoma, zinthu ndizosavuta. Makomawo agawidwa m'magawo angapo, okongoletsedwa ndi mapangidwe, zojambula kapena magalasi.

Pali mipata yambiri yokongoletsa pabalaza, kuyisintha, kupangitsa kuti ikhale yatsopano kapena kudziletsa,Ndipo izi ndi chifukwa cha plinths. Mu chithunzi pansipa - akamaumba pa makoma mkati, kugawa chipinda m'zigawo ndi kutsindika bala.

Makoma okhala ndi zojambulajambula

Mapangidwe a polyurethane mkati mwake

Polyurethane mankhwala ndi zokongoletsera zowala mkati. Ikugogomezera kutsogola ndi kufotokozera kwazochitikazo. Kujambula kwa polyurethane kumakoma mkati kwagwiritsidwa ntchito posachedwa. Iyi ndi njira yabwino kwambiri yobweretsera utoto kumakoma ndi madenga kukhala moyo. Stucco polyurethane moldings frame mkati mwake, imayikidwa pafupi ndi zitseko ndi mawindo, imagwiritsidwanso ntchito kukongoletsa nyali. Ngati mitundu ingapo imagwiritsidwa ntchito m'chipinda, zolumikizira zawo zimawonetsedwa ndi zojambulajambula. Chifukwa cha kusinthasintha kwa makhoma, ndikosavuta kubisa zolakwika ndi zolakwika.

Muyike bwanji malonda?

Musanapitilize kuyika ndikuwumba, siyani mankhwalawa kwakanthawi mchipinda momwe kuyikako kudzachitikira mwachindunji. Werengani malangizowo ndikukumbukira malamulo amomwe mungamangirire zomangira pakhoma molondola. Konzani zida ndi zida zofunika:

  • glue gun;
  • putty;
  • chikho cha ukalipentala - miter box yodulira zomangira;
  • sandpaper;
  • ndawona;
  • misomali;
  • tepi muyeso, pensulo, siponji.
Momwe mungamangire zomangira pakhoma

Kuyamba, ndi bwino kuyamba kukonza makoma, kuyeretsa pamwamba pa dothi, onetsetsani kuti ndilofanana, ndiyeno pitirizani ndi kukhazikitsa:

  1. Bweretsani ndikuwumba kukhoma ndikulemba zolembera.
  2. Kenako, gwiritsani ntchito miter box kuti mudule magawo opindika.
  3. Tikuyamba kumata kuchokera pakona, kwinaku tikunyowetsa khoma ndi madzi.
  4. Pakani zomatira mofanana ndikumangira ndikuyika pamwamba.
  5. Dulani guluu wotsalayo ndi mpeni wakuthwa, sungani zolumikizira zomangira ndi putty.

Kumaliza makoma omangira sikophweka, koma kosangalatsa. Mutha kupanga mwaluso weniweni ndi manja anu.

Tekinoloje yoyika: ma nuances asanu ofunika

Mukayika choyikapo, ndikofunikira kuganizira zamitundu ina yokhudzana ndiukadaulo woyika:

  1. Choyamba muyenera kulabadira ndi guluu. Popeza palibe njira yothetsera chilengedwe chonse cha mitundu yonse ya zojambulajambula, zonse zimamangiriridwa m'njira zosiyanasiyana. Zinthu zamatabwa, kuwonjezera pa guluu, zimakonzedwanso ndi zomangira zokha. Zojambula zokongoletsera za gypsum pamakoma zimakhazikika pogwiritsa ntchito mawonekedwe a gypsum. Misomali yamadzimadzi imagwiritsidwa ntchito poyika zomangira za polyurethane, silikoni ndi yabwino pazitsulo, mphira ndi pulasitiki.
  2. Ndibwino kuti musamata ndikumata popanda chizindikiro, chifukwa zotsatira zake zingakhale zokhumudwitsa. Izi ndizowona makamaka pamapangidwe osinthika.
  3. Pangani mabala oblique mosamala. Ngakhale mfundo zitakutidwa ndi putty, siziwoneka bwino.
  4. Ngati mwasankha zokometsera, zopangira thovu kapena ma baguette kuti azikongoletsa, ndiye kuti ndi bwino kumata musanapende makoma ndi kumata papepala.
  5. Musanamatire zomata, yeretsani fumbi pakhoma apo ayi sizingamamatire bwino.

Ngati mukuganiza kuti kuyika zinthu kukuposa mphamvu yanu, ndi bwino kuti mupeze thandizo kwambuye. Ntchito yabwino ndiye chinsinsi chakugwira ntchito kwanthawi yayitali.

Kodi zinthuzo zingagwiritsidwe ntchito pati?

Zomangira pamakoma mkati - si malo okhawo omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito. Pali zosankha zambiri zogwiritsira ntchito akamaumba, ganizirani zazikuluzikulu:

  • Mafelemu a mazenera ndi zitseko. Sankhani zojambulajambula potengera zomwe zidagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga mafelemu a zenera ndi zitseko. Mwachitsanzo, ngati mazenera ndi apulasitiki, ndiye kuti zomangira zimasankhidwa kuchokera kuzinthu zomwezo.
  • Gwiritsani ntchito ngati zokongoletsa. Zoumba ndizoyenera kukongoletsa nyali, mutha kukongoletsa poyatsira moto kapena kupanga chimango cha zithunzi zabanja pakhoma.
  • Ngati nyumbayo ili ndi siling'i yayitali ndipo simukuikonda, sungani mapanelo pazipupa zake ndi makulidwe.

Pogwiritsa ntchito masiketi, yatsani malingaliro anu onse, pangani zojambulajambula kunyumba kwanu.

Kodi zogulitsazo zikufanana ndi chiyani?

M'mayankho amkati, zinthu zonse ziyenera kuphatikizidwa wina ndi mnzake ndikupanga mawonekedwe ogwirizana. Popeza pali masitayelo ambiri, ndizovuta kwambiri kusankha bwino. Komabe pali njira yotulukira, ndipo imatchedwa kuumba. Pansipa pali chithunzi cha mapangidwe a khoma. Yankho ili ndi loyenera kwa mapangidwe aliwonse. Mukungoyenera kuphatikiza bwino masiketi a skirting ndi zinthu zina zokongoletsera.

Kukongoletsa khoma ndi zomangira

Kaya mukumata makoma kapena penti pamalopo, zomangira nthawi zonse zimagwirizana ndi mtundu wa chipindacho. Mwachitsanzo, zithunzi za vinyl zokhala ndi mawonekedwe osakhwima zidzaphatikizidwa ndi zoyeramatabwa a skirting. Akagwiritsidwa ntchito pazithunzi zamitundu yosiyanasiyana, khoma limagawidwa m'magawo, kuyang'ana pamthunzi waukulu.

Plasitala wokongoletsera amaphatikizidwanso ndi zomangira. Ngati makomawo adapakidwa kale utoto kapena zojambulajambula, ndipo mwasankha kugwiritsa ntchito ma baguettes, palibe chodetsa nkhawa. Mitundu ina ya matumba amapakidwa utoto womwe ukufunidwa.

Kumangira makoma a polyurethane

Mmene mungakwaniritsire mgwirizano mkati mwa mkati

Makoma okhala ndi zomangira amathandizira kuti mkati mwake mukhale wokongola komanso wogwirizana. Ndikosavuta kwa eni nyumba zaumwini kukonzekera nyumba ndikusankha mapangidwe kusiyana ndi okhala m'nyumba zapamwamba. Izi zikugwiranso ntchito kwa nzika zomwe zikukhala m'nyumba zakale zosasangalatsa. Inde, munthu aliyense amafuna kuti chisa chikhale chosavuta, kuti apange munthu, mosiyana ndi ena, mkati. Izi ndizotheka chifukwa cha njira zatsopano zamapangidwe.

Kumangirira kopapatiza ndikoyenera zipinda zing'onozing'ono, mapilasta oyimirira amatambasula makoma. Ndi denga lalitali, ndi bwino kukana mizere yowongoka, zomangira ziyenera kuyikidwa mopingasa, komanso zomangira zamitundu yambiri ndi zokongoletsera ziyenera kugwiritsidwanso ntchito.

Chithunzi chokongoletsera khoma

Mawonekedwe akale amatsindikiridwa ndi mizati kapena riboni yokongola yagolide.

Ngati ndalama sizikulola kugula zomangira zopangidwa ndi matabwa achilengedwe, zimasinthidwa ndi matabwa, pulasitala kapena chitsulo choyerekeza.

Tinene molimba mtima kuti kuumba ndi chida chosinthira ndi kukongoletsa mkati mwa nyumba kapena nyumba. Ndi kusamalira bwino, chophweka chokongoletsera choterechi chimathazindikirani zokhumba zanu zilizonse zamamangidwe. Mutha kusintha chipindacho, kuchipatsa kukongola, kupanga mkati mwanu kuwala, kokongola komanso kolemekezeka kwa nthawi yayitali.

Mutu Wodziwika