Misozi ya Cuckoo ndi maluwa akutchire a m'madera athu

Kulima 2022
Misozi ya Cuckoo ndi maluwa akutchire a m'madera athu
Misozi ya Cuckoo ndi maluwa akutchire a m'madera athu
Anonim
Misozi ya Cuckoo

Zomera izi, "misozi ya cuckoo", monga momwe zimatchulidwira, zili ndi dzina lina - orchis. Ndi wa banja lalikulu la ma orchid. Ili ndi dzina lake chifukwa cha mawonekedwe a ma tubers, ofanana ndi mipira ya nucleolus kapena machende ang'onoang'ono. Mitundu ya zomera, yomwe misozi ya cuckoo imachokera, ili ndi mitundu yoposa 100 yomwe imamera kumadera otentha, otentha, ozizira kumpoto kwa dziko lapansi. Mitundu yonseyi ndi yokongoletsa kwambiri. M'chigawo cha mayiko a CIS, ma orchid omwe amapezeka kwambiri ndi amphongo komanso ngati chisoti. Amafanana kwambiri wina ndi mzake, koma ali ndi kusiyana kwa mitundu. Orchid wamwamuna amapezeka kumadera akum'mwera kwa nkhalango ya ku Europe konse ku Russian Federation, ku Ukraine, kumayiko a B altic, ku Crimea, ku Caucasus. Duwali limamera m'nkhalango zodula pa nthaka iliyonse. Orchis wooneka ngati chisoti nthawi zambiri amapezeka m'madambo, m'mphepete mwa nkhalango ndi magalasi, pamapiri otsetsereka (mpaka 1800 m). Imamera kudera lonse la Europe la Chitaganya cha Russia, ku Crimea ndi Carpathians, ku Caucasus.

Maluwa a Misozi ya Cuckoo

Mitundu yonse iwiriyi ili ndi machubu ozungulira. Pansi pa tsinde lawo pali mawanga ofiirira. Tsinde limafika kutalika kwa 25-50 cm. Masamba (8-14 cm) nthawi zambiri amakhala ndi utoto wofiiriramawanga ambiri anaikira m'munsi mwa tsamba. Ma inflorescence okhala ndi maluwa ambiri amafika kutalika kwa 18 cm. Masamba obiriwira, lanceolate. Maluwa ndi ofiirira kapena otuwa. Milomo yopingasa ya duwa yokhala ndi ma lobe atatu ndi yoyera pansi, yokutidwa ndi mawanga ofiirira. Kuthamanga kwake ndi kosalala, kopingasa. Ovary ndi opotoka, osasunthika. Zomera izi zimaphuka mu Epulo - Meyi.

Maluwa amtundu wooneka ngati chisoti ali ndi maluwa ambiri. Choyamba amakhala ndi cylindrical, ndiyeno mawonekedwe a piramidi. Masamba ake ndi ofiirira-pinki. Miyendo yakunja ndi yoyera-pinki kunja, ndipo mkati - ndi mitsempha yofiirira. Milomo ya duwalo ndi yoyera m'munsi mwake ndi timadontho tofiirira-pepo. Masamba ake ndi ofiirira-pinki. Mphunoyo ndi yoyera, yosasunthika, yopindika pang'ono. Maluwawo ali ndi fungo labwino.

Chithunzi cha misozi ya Cuckoo

Misozi ya Cuckoo imafalitsidwa ndi njere kapena ma tubers. Mbewuzo zimamera pansi pa nthaka. Tuber imawonekera kwa zaka ziwiri zokha. Tsamba loyamba limawonekera pazaka 4-5. Chomerachi chimaphuka zaka 8-10 zokha mutabzala mbewu. Zitsanzo zina zimaphuka kwa zaka zingapo zotsatizana, ndipo zina zimangofa pambuyo pa maluwa. Ma orchis ochepa kwambiri amapanga zipatso. Zomera izi zimatha kupanga ma hybrids.

Misozi ya Cuckoo imathanso kulimidwa m'magawo apanyumba. Chomerachi chimakonda mthunzi pang'ono komanso dothi lonyowa. Dothi lopanda asidi, lopangidwa ndi masamba, mchenga ndi peat, ndiloyenera kubzala. Pamwamba pake payenera kuphimbidwa ndi singano zouma. Chomera chofunikakuthirira nthawi zonse. Misozi ya cuckoo imatha kufalitsidwa ndi mbewu, koma pakadali pano muyenera kuyembekezera kuphuka kwa mbewuyi kwa zaka zingapo. Orchid imafalitsidwa bwino ndi mizu ya tuber yolowa m'malo.

Misozi ya Cuckoo, zithunzi zomwe zaperekedwa pamwambapa, zakhala zikugwiritsidwa ntchito ngati mankhwala. Machubu awo amakhala ndi ntchofu, dextrin, wowuma, shuga, mapuloteni, utomoni, kuwawa ndi mchere wamchere. Chomerachi chimagwiritsidwa ntchito pa matenda am'mimba, bronchitis, poyizoni.

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