Zodzigudubuza za kuthirira nthaka: mitundu ndi ndemanga

Zodzigudubuza za kuthirira nthaka: mitundu ndi ndemanga
Zodzigudubuza za kuthirira nthaka: mitundu ndi ndemanga
Anonim

Pali njira zambiri zomangira dothi, kuti likhale loyenera kuyambitsa ntchito yomanga. Izi zitha kuchitika mothandizidwa ndi kayendetsedwe ka magalimoto olemetsa, monga magalimoto otaya, magalimoto. Dothi limaphwanyidwa ndi ma bulldozers ndikumangidwa ndi magalimoto otayira. Komabe, njira zothandiza kwambiri pa izi ndi makina opangidwa mwapadera kuti achite izi. Izi, ndithudi, zodzigudubuza za nthaka. Koma ndi ma rollers ati omwe ali oyenerera bwino ntchito yomwe wapatsidwa? Ndi chiyani ndipo ndi ati omwe amagwira ntchito bwino? Tiyeni tiyese kuzilingalira.

Kuphatikizika kwa dothi ndi zodzigudubuza

Panthawi ya ntchito yomanga, makamaka pokonzekera malo oti muyike phula, nthawi zambiri ndikofunikira kuthetsa vuto la kutayikira kwa nthaka mochuluka. Zida zofunika pa izi zitha kugulidwa, kubwereka kapena kuyitanitsa.kuphatikizika kwa nthaka ndi zodzigudubuza.

nthaka compaction odzigudubuza

Mtengo wa ntchito zomanga zotere zimatengera zinthu zosiyanasiyana. Pakati pawo, dera la dothi lomwe liyenera kupangidwa, kuchuluka kwa makina ofunikira kuti agwire ntchitoyi, kusiyana kwa kutalika kwa nthaka yomwe imayenera kusamutsidwa. Mwachitsanzo, ndizovuta kwambiri kuphatikizira dothi la mpanda ndi chogudubuza molunjika kusiyana ndi kulinganiza ndi ma bulldozer, kenako ndikuliphatikiza. Pali mitundu ingapo ya zida, koma mfundo yogwira ntchito ndi yofanana kwa onse. Mwa njira, mukhoza kubwereka pa mtengo wa 1300 rubles pa ola.

Chipangizo

Gawo lalikulu la chodzigudubuza ndi chogudubuza. Ichi ndi silinda yolemera yomwe imakhala ngati shaft yophatikizira ndi mawilo akutsogolo a makina nthawi yomweyo. Pamene chogudubuza chimayenda, unyinji wake umaphatikizana ndi kusanjikiza dothi limene chimayendapo. Dothi compaction odzigudubuza ali okonzeka ndi awiri mwa zigawo izi. Mmodzi wa iwo, monga tafotokozera pamwambapa, amagwira ntchito ya chinthu chosindikizira, chachiwiri, chomwe chili kumbuyo, chimatchedwa "wodzigudubuza". Ndikofunikira kuti muwongolere galimoto mbali imodzi kapena ina. Shaft yakutsogolo pamitundu yakale ya odzigudubuza imakhala ndi makina oyendetsa. Makina amakono amagwiritsa ntchito hydraulic drive. Izi ndichifukwa cha mapangidwe a njira zamakono. Pafupifupi onse amanjenjemera. Vibrator ya njirazi imaphatikizapo hydraulic drive. Ndipo popeza chiwongolero chimagwiritsa ntchito njira yofananira, kugwiritsa ntchito hydraulic drive kuyendetsa shaft yakutsogolo ndiyo njira yabwino kwambiri.

Zosiyanasiyana

Zodzigudubuza zakuphatikizika kwa dothi kumatha kugawidwa kukhala static ndi kunjenjemera.

nthaka compaction dzanja wodzigudubuza

Zoyamba zimatchinjiriza nthaka ndi kulemera kwake. Chida cha mtundu wachiwiri wa chodzigudubuza chili ndi chipangizo chonjenjemera.

Koma uku ndikugawika kokha malinga ndi momwe zimakhudzira pansi. Ndipotu, pali mitundu ina yambiri. Odzigudubuza amasiyanitsidwanso ndi mtundu wa odzigudubuza. Kotero, iwo akhoza kukhala cam kapena pneumatic, ophatikizidwa ndi lattice. Pneumatic rollers amatha mtundu uliwonse wa dothi. Makina a Cam amagwiritsidwa ntchito makamaka kuphatikizira mitundu yovunda ya dothi. Ikhoza kukhala dongo, ngakhale ndi kusakaniza kwa miyala. Mchenga ndi dothi lonyowa si minda yoyenera kuyika padfoot rollers.

Kugwedera

Mapangidwe a chodzigudubuza chozungulira amadziwika ndi kupezeka kwa chipangizo chomwe chimapanga kugwedezeka kwamphamvu. Mfundo yogwirira ntchito ya vibrator ndi yosavuta: shaft yolemera imazungulira mozungulira pakati pa mphamvu yokoka, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti pakhale kugwedezeka kwakukulu komwe kungathe kugwirizanitsa nthaka.

Mafupipafupi omwe chogudubuza chimatha kugwedezeka kuyambira 24 mpaka 48 Hz. 1 Hz ndi yofanana ndi oscillation imodzi pamphindikati. Kugwedezeka kwa ng'oma kumathandizanso kwambiri pakuphatikizana kwa nthaka. Chizindikiro ichi cha makina ogwedeza a rink akhoza kusinthidwa ndi woyendetsa. Mitundu iwiri yamitundu yomwe imagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri: matalikidwe kuchokera ku 0.6 mm mpaka 1 mm ndi matalikidwe kuchokera ku 1.35 mm mpaka 2.2 mm.

Makina owongolera odzigudubuza amakono amakulolani kuti musinthe magawo onse awiri: matalikidwe ndi kuchuluka kwa kugwedezeka kwa ng'oma. Mbali imeneyi imalolasinthani makinawo kuti agwire ntchito ndi dothi linalake, sinthani kuti ligwirizane ndi kachulukidwe, mamasukidwe ake, kusuntha, ndi zina zotero.

Kuphatikiza dothi lokhala ndi zodzigudubuza zitha kuchitika pogwiritsa ntchito njira zosiyanasiyana. Njira yabwino ndiyo kukumbatira dothi m'njira zingapo. Choyamba, ndi matalikidwe pazipita ndi otsika kugwedera pafupipafupi ng'oma, ndiyeno ndi kuwonjezeka pang'onopang'ono kugwedera pafupipafupi. Choncho, choyamba zigawo zakuya za nthaka zimaphatikizika, kenako zamtunda.

Ubwino wamapangidwewo ukhoza kuonedwa ngati kupepuka kwake. Wodzigudubuza wotere amalimbana ndi ntchitoyi pamtengo wotsika kwambiri kuposa mawonekedwe ake osasunthika. Kuchotsa mtundu wa ntchito yomwe yachitika. Makina osasunthika amasiya nthaka yolimba kwambiri kuposa momwe imanjenjemera, kenako mafunde apansi amawonekera.

Static

Ma compactor amtundu wa static ayamba kuchepa ndipo m'malo mwake ndi zomangira zatsopano zomwe zimagwiritsa ntchito mafuta mopanda ndalama. Koma zokhazikika sizisiya zida zamakampani omanga kwa nthawi yayitali.

dzichitireni nokha dothi compactor

Chomwe makinawa amakhala olimba kwambiri ndikuti amatha kugwiritsidwa ntchito pomwe ma vibrate amtundu uliwonse amakhala osafunikira. Mwachitsanzo, poyala asph alt pa mlatho kapena pamtunda, ma roller okhawo amagwiritsidwa ntchito, chifukwa izi zimagwirizana ndi chitetezo.

Njira zamtunduwu zimasiyanso malo ambiri. Choncho, amagwiritsidwa ntchito pazochitika zomwe ndizofunikirapamwamba pabwino.

Mwa kuipa kodziwikiratu, m'pofunika kutchula za kuchuluka kwa mafuta. Kulemera kwa chodzigudubuza n'chachikulu ndithu, ndipo mapasi ambiri amafunikira kuti mupeze zotsatira zabwino.

kuphatikizika kwa dothi lampanda ndi chogudubuza

Lattice

Zodzigudubuza za lattice zimatchedwa, pamwamba pa shaft yogwirira ntchito yomwe imakhala ndi mapangidwe a lattice. Makina ophatikizira amtunduwu amagwiritsidwa ntchito m'nthaka yovuta. Pamwamba pa chogudubuzacho chimaphwanya midadada ikuluikulu ya dothi, ndipo mtengowo umagwirizanitsa ndi kulemera kwake. Izi zitha kukhala zothandiza ngati nthaka ndi milu ya nthaka yowuma kapena dongo losakanizidwa ndi mchenga. Apo ayi, mapangidwe a lattice rollers samasiyana ndi ena.

Pneumowheels

Amasiyana ndi ena chifukwa alibe zogudubuza. M'malo mwake, mizere ya mawilo okhala ndi matayala a pneumatic imayikidwa kutsogolo ndi kumbuyo kwa makinawo. Mawilo omwe ali oyandikana amakhalabe ndi mipata yaing'ono pakati pawo.

dzichitireni nokha dothi lamanja

Kuti zisakhudze ubwino wa ntchito yochitidwa ndi makinawo, mzere wa gudumu lakumbuyo umayikidwa m'njira yoti njira yawo isagwirizane ndi mayendedwe akutsogolo, koma imadutsana.

Ndemanga zamakina amitundu yosiyanasiyana

Zodzigudubuza zamitundu yonse pamwambapa ndi chida chofunikira kwambiri pamalo aliwonse omanga. N'zosadabwitsa kuti adatha kusonkhanitsa ndemanga zambiri za omanga. Pakati pawo pali zonse zabwino ndi zoipa. Ndemanga zoipa nthawi zambirizonse zimabwera chifukwa chogwiritsa ntchito makina pomwe kugwiritsidwa ntchito kwake sikuloledwa. Makina akale, monga ma static rollers, nthawi zambiri amadzudzulidwa chifukwa cha kusadalirika kwa vibrator. Panthawi imodzimodziyo, muyenera kumvetsetsa kuti ndi bwino kugwiritsa ntchito makina otere nthawi zina, ndipo palibe choyenera m'malo mwawo.

Manual movement

Zida zonse zomwe zili pamwambazi ndizofunikira kwambiri pamapangidwe akulu, poyala phula ndi zochitika zina zamafakitale. Koma bwanji ngati mukufuna chipangizo chotchipa, chokhoza kupitikizika cha nyumba yachilimwe kapena dimba lapakhomo chomwe sichifuna kusintha mafuta, mafuta, mtengo wa batri ndi kukonza kwina kulikonse?

Zikakhala zotere, chogudulira pamanja chimagwiritsidwa ntchito kukumbatira dothi. Chida ichi ndi tsinde lolemera lomwe lili ndi chogwirira bwino chomwe munthu atha kuchigudubuza m'njira yoyenera. Chida choterechi chimagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga dothi lokumbidwa, kuthamangitsa buta pansi pa maziko, kuphatikizira dothi la udzu wamtsogolo ndi ntchito zina zambiri za mulingo uwu.

Mmene mungapangire makina opangira dothi ndi manja anu

Mutha kugula zopangira zopangidwa kale m'masitolo omanga, koma mutha kupanga cholumikizira dothi chodzipangira nokha. Mbali yaikulu ya chida choterocho ndi shaft yolemera. Chachikulu ndikuganizira zomwe mungapangire tsatanetsatane wamapangidwe awa, ndipo chogwiriracho chimatha kumangidwa kuchokera ku chitoliro chilichonse pochipindika pa ngodya yolondola ndikuchiyikapo zogwirira ntchito zabwino, mwachitsanzo, kuchokera pachiwongolero chanjinga.

nthaka compaction ndi mtengo odzigudubuza

Njira yosavuta yopangira shaft yolemera ndiyo kugwiritsa ntchito chidebe chachikulu chachitsulo chodzaza mchenga kapena chinthu china cholemera. Pofuna kupewa chodzigudubuza chamanja kuti chisatembenuke kuzunzika, kulemera kwake sikuyenera kupitirira 120 kg.

kuphatikizika kwa dothi ndi ma roller ogwedera

Pamenepa, m'lifupi mwake momwe mungathere ndi mita imodzi.

Dongo lopangira dothi lamanja litha kupangidwanso kuchokera ku asibesitosi kapena chitoliro cha ceramic cha m'mimba mwake yoyenera. Chitsulo chachitsulo chimayikidwa pakati pa chitoliro choterocho. Chinthu chachikulu ndikuchiyika mwangwiro mofanana, apo ayi palibe chomwe chidzagwire ntchito. Malo pakati pa makoma amkati a chitoliro cha asibesitosi ndi makoma akunja a chubu chachitsulo amadzazidwa ndi matope a simenti. Konkriti ikaumitsa, chogwiriracho chimatha kulowetsedwa mutoliro lachitsulo.

Mutu Wodziwika