Ma radiator aluminiyamu: mawonekedwe. Ubwino ndi kuipa kwa ma radiator otenthetsera aluminiyamu

Ma radiator aluminiyamu: mawonekedwe. Ubwino ndi kuipa kwa ma radiator otenthetsera aluminiyamu
Ma radiator aluminiyamu: mawonekedwe. Ubwino ndi kuipa kwa ma radiator otenthetsera aluminiyamu
Anonim

Kusankha ndi kukhazikitsa makina otenthetsera ndi magawo ofunikira pakukonza nyumba yokhalamo kapena nyumba. Chiwerengero chofunikira cha ma radiator chimadalira mphamvu ya zida ndi malo a chipindacho. Masiku ano, ma radiator a aluminiyamu amaonedwa kuti ndi otchuka kwambiri. Makhalidwe aukadaulo, komanso ubwino ndi kuipa kwa ma heaters awa tikambirana m'nkhaniyi.

ma radiators a aluminiyamu

Mafotokozedwe

Zazikulu za zida zotenthetserazi ndi zigawo zomwe zimadzazidwa ndi madzi. Madzi amadziwika ndi kutentha kwakukulu, komwe kumapangitsa kuti azisunga mphamvu zotentha kwa nthawi yayitali, ndikuzitumiza nthawi zonse kumalo ozungulira.

Zosiyanasiyana

Aluminiyamu radiators (zokayikitsa zaukadaulo zikukambidwa pansipa) malinga ndi mtundu wa kupanga, pali mitundu iwiri:

  1. Extrusion.
  2. Leafy.

Mtundu womaliza uli ndi magawo osiyana, chiwerengero chawo chikhoza kuchepetsedwa kapena kuonjezedwa pamenezofunika nthawi iliyonse. Chotenthetsera cha extrusion chimakhala ndi chiwerengero chophatikizika cha magawo, chiwerengero chawo chimachokera ku 6 mpaka 12. Wogula mwiniwake amasankha, akuyang'ana kwambiri za luso la nyumba kapena nyumba, zomwe zimamuyenerera bwino.

Kutentha kwa aluminiyamu ma radiators

Njira yosinthira kutentha

Kupyolera mu payipi, madzi otentha amayenda pansi pa gawolo, ndiye, chifukwa cha kusuntha, amasunthira mmwamba, motero amatenthetsa mpweya wozungulira kudzera munyumba ya aluminiyamu. Choziziriracho chimadutsa m'zigawo zonse, kenako chimapitilira njira yake yowotchera kudzera papaipi yobwerera.

Zofotokozera za Aluminium Radiators

Gawo la chotenthetsera limapangidwa ndikukanikiza aluminiyamu ndikuwonjezera kasilicone kakang'ono. Gawo lirilonse liri ndi chosonkhanitsa chapansi ndi chapamwamba, chomwe chimagwirizanitsidwa ndi njira yowongoka ndi zipsepse zachitsulo zomwe zimawonjezera kutentha kwa kutentha mwa kukulitsa malo. Magawowa amalumikizidwa pogwiritsa ntchito ulusi womata ndi ma gaskets a paronite.

ma radiators a aluminiyamu

Chotengera kutentha chomwe chimadzaza magawo, kutenthetsa, nthawi yomweyo chimawunjikana ndikutulutsa mphamvu zotentha mchipindamo. Chifukwa cha matenthedwe abwino a aluminiyamu, chipangizochi chimakhala ndi mphamvu zambiri komanso zogwira mtima kwambiri, mosiyana ndi ma bimetallic ndi zitsulo zotayidwa.

Zigawo zochulukira, zimakweza kutentha kwa ma radiator a aluminiyamu. Komabe, sizoyenerakutengeka, chifukwa kuchuluka kwa zigawo kumapangitsa kuti ena azitha kukhala osagwiritsidwa ntchito. Pachifukwa ichi, chiwerengero cha zigawo chiyenera kuwerengedwa potengera maonekedwe a nyumbayo.

Palinso ma radiator olimba a aluminiyamu. Makhalidwe aukadaulo a zida izi amakupatsani mwayi wopanga magawo angapo, chifukwa amawongolera pawokha kuthamanga kwamadzimadzi.

Chigawo chotenthetsera chili ndi miyeso yokhazikika:

  • Kutalika - 350-1000 mm.
  • Kuzama - 110-140 mm
  • Kunenepa kwakhoma - 2-3 mm.
  • Malo otentha - 0.4-0.6 m2.
  • Kuchuluka kwa radiator ya aluminiyamu ndi malita 0.35-0.5.

Kutengera kutentha kwa chipangizo chotenthetsera ndi 50-60% ma radiation, convection - 40-50%.

Dignity

  • Low thermal inertia.
  • Misa yaying'ono.
  • Kutentha kwambiri.
  • Mahita awa ndi otheka, ndipo chofunika koposa - sagwirizana ndi zotsatira za mankhwala a choziziritsira.
  • Mtengo wotsika mtengo, womwe uli wopindulitsa makamaka chifukwa chapamwamba kwazidazi.
  • Kulemera kwake kwanyumba kumapangitsa kuti zikhale zosavuta kuyika ma radiators otentha a aluminiyamu. Makhalidwe aukadaulo a zida izi ali pamlingo wapamwamba.
  • Ndiosavuta kuwasamalira - kuyeretsa ndi kuchapa.
  • Zipangizozi zimakutidwa ndi zokutira zapadera zosatentha zomwe sizimavunda.
  • Mapangidwe amaganiziridwa m'njira yoti mpweya wochuluka umagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi malo ochepa.
  • Ngati mungafune, pa ma radiator a aluminiyamu (makhalidwe ake adzakhala abwinoko), mutha kukhazikitsa mutu wotentha womwe ungakuthandizeni kuwongolera kutentha mchipindamo.
  • Chipindacho chimatentha mwachangu kwambiri, chomwe chimakhala chofunikira kwambiri m'nyengo yozizira.

Zolakwika

Kuwonjezera pa ubwino wodziwikiratu, ma radiator otenthetsera aluminiyamu, mawonekedwe aukadaulo omwe adakambidwa pamwambapa, amakhalanso ndi zovuta zina. Mmodzi wa iwo ndi otsika kukana makoma kuti mwadzidzidzi kuthamanga akutsikira mu Kutentha dongosolo. Kusankhidwa kwa chitsanzo cha radiator kuyenera kuyandikira mosamala. Ngati, mwachitsanzo, adapangidwa chifukwa cha mikhalidwe ku Italy, ndiye kuti zenizeni zaku Russia mphamvu zawo sizikhala zokwanira. Popeza apa kuthamanga "kudumpha" mwamphamvu komanso nthawi zambiri. Ndipo nthawi zina imakhala yokwera kangapo kuposa mtengo wokhazikika.

aluminium heatsink mphamvu

Kuyipa kwina ndikukhudzidwa kwambiri ndi zonyansa zomwe zili m'madzi otentha. Ubwino wa zoziziritsa kukhosi zomwe zimalowa m'makina athu otenthetsera zimasiya kukhala zofunika kwambiri. M'madzi, mutha kupeza zonyansa zamakina ngati dzimbiri, mchenga, miyala yaying'ono. Kukhudzana ndi makoma amkati mwa zonsezi ndi chifukwa cha dzimbiri. Kuchuluka kwa acidity ya choziziritsa kungayambitse kutulutsa okosijeni mwachangu. Izi zikuyenera kuganiziridwa ndikusintha zida zakale munthawi yake kukhala ma radiator atsopano a aluminiyamu (zimene zasonyezedwa pamwambapa).

Zomwe zalephereka

Zimadziwika kuti m'zotentha zotenthetsera madzi amapangidwa ndi alkaline, komanso akakhudzama radiator a aluminiyamu okhala ndi malo amchere, pali kutulutsidwa kwa hydrogen yaulere. Kupanda zida zochotsera mpweya wokha, haidrojeni wowunjikana mkati mwa ma radiator aluminiyamu amawapangitsa kugwa.

kutentha kwa ma radiator a aluminiyamu

Kuchepetsa kwamakhemike kwa haidrojeni ku chozizirirapo kumapezeka m'zida zotenthetsera zonse mosapatulapo. Komabe, ma air vents omwe amaikidwa m'dongosolo amalimbana ndi kuchotsedwa kwa gasi wotulutsidwa popanda vuto lililonse. Aluminiyamu alloy, momwe zida zotenthetsera zimapangidwira, zimagwira ntchito ngati chothandizira pakuchita koteroko, chifukwa chake, kuchuluka kwa haidrojeni, komanso momwe amachitira, kumawonjezeka nthawi zambiri.

Chotero, ngakhale kuphwanya pang'ono pakugwira ntchito kwa chotenthetsera (cholowera mpweya sichimatseguka kapena chotsekeka) kungayambitse kuphulika kwa radiator ya aluminiyamu, kuponyedwa ndi kutulutsa. Pachifukwa ichi, nthawi zina, kugwiritsa ntchito zida zotenthetsera za aluminiyamu kumakhala kosatheka.

Werengetsani chiwerengero cha zigawo

Ngati mwasankha kugula radiator ya aluminiyamu, ndiye kuti mudzatha kuwerengera nokha kuchuluka kwa magawo omwe mungafunikire kuti mutenthetse chipinda china. Sipafuna luso lililonse lapadera la masamu.

kuchuluka kwa radiator ya aluminiyamu

Kuwerengera, muyenera kudziwa mphamvu ya radiator ya aluminiyamu (P), yomwe, monga lamulo, imawonetsedwa papepala laukadaulo, komanso muyenera kuwerengera dera la kutenthagawo (S). Kuwerengera kumapangidwa motsatira njira iyi:

S × 100 / P=N, pamene N ndi chiwerengero cha zigawo.

Mwachitsanzo, gawo la chipinda ndi 36 m2, pa radiator ya aluminiyamu, mtengo wa P ndi 190 W. motere:

N=36 × 100 / 190=18, 95.

Chotero, magawo 19 afunika kutenthetsa chipinda chathu.

Mutu Wodziwika