DIY chida choyikamo. Pulojekiti, zosankha ndi zithunzi, njira yophera, zipangizo zofunika ndi zida, malangizo a sitepe ndi sitepe, malangizo a akatswiri

DIY chida choyikamo. Pulojekiti, zosankha ndi zithunzi, njira yophera, zipangizo zofunika ndi zida, malangizo a sitepe ndi sitepe, malangizo a akatswiri
DIY chida choyikamo. Pulojekiti, zosankha ndi zithunzi, njira yophera, zipangizo zofunika ndi zida, malangizo a sitepe ndi sitepe, malangizo a akatswiri
Anonim

M'nkhani yathu muphunzira kupanga chida cha DIY. Ngati ndinu katswiri wodziwa luso lanu, ndiye kuti alumali imodzi yosungiramo zida sizokwanira kwa inu. Musaiwale kuti nkhani yosungira zida, zida ndi zida nthawi zambiri zimakhala zovuta kwambiri. Chilichonse chomwe chingakhale chothandiza pakukonza chiyenera kukhala pafupi nthawi zonse. Ndipo njira yabwino yothanirana ndi vutoli ndikupangira rack yabwino.

Rangi ndi chiyani

Musanapange choyikapo zida ndi manja anu, muyenera kusankha kuti ndi chiyani? M'malo mwake, awa ndi mashelufu angapo momwe mungasungire zinthu zilizonse. Panthawi imodzimodziyo, ali ndi mwayi wambiri waulere komanso wosavuta. Shelving ikhoza kukhala:

  1. Zokwezedwa.
  2. Pansi.

Mungathensogawani muzomangamanga zamakona ndi zowongoka. Amasiyananso kukula kwake - zonse zimatengera magawo omwe chipindacho chili nacho.

Zinthu zopangira

Zonse zitsulo ndi matabwa zimagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga. Kukonzekera kwa mankhwala omalizidwa kumakhala kochepa, ndikokwanira kugwiritsa ntchito utoto wosanjikiza kuti zinthuzo zisawonongeke panthawi yogwira ntchito. Maonekedwe okongola si chinthu chachikulu mu gawo la mkati mwa garaja. Zachidziwikire, mutha kusokonezeka ndikupanga mashelufu okongola komanso okongoletsedwa kuchokera pamitengo ndi mapepala owuma, koma kodi masewerawa ndi oyenera kandulo? Mutha kukhala ndi makina okwera mtengo, osagwiritsa ntchito mafoni omwe alibe ntchito m'galaja.

Simple rack

Mu garaja iliyonse kapena malo ogwirira ntchito, choyikapo chosavuta komanso chotsika mtengo ndichofunika kwambiri. Ikhoza kusunga zida zazikulu, zazing'ono m'mitsuko, zipangizo zosiyanasiyana. Chonde dziwani kuti choyikapo, mosasamala kanthu kuti ndi chitsulo kapena matabwa, ndi zofunika kukonza pakhoma. Zikachitika kuti sikutheka kuwononga zomangira kapena zomata pakhoma, ndi bwino kusankha choyimira chokha.

Pangani choyikapo chida chanu

Tilingalira zachitsanzo chosavuta cha alumali chokhala ndi shelufu yakuya masentimita 40.6. Koma ziyenera kukumbukiridwa kuti mashelufu onse amatha kuchepetsedwa ndi zitseko ndi zinthu zina. Popanga, m'pofunika kupanga mashelufu akuya masentimita 40-60. Pankhaniyi, choyikapo sichidzatenga malo ambiri m'chipindamo, ndipo chofunika kwambiri, pali malo okwanira osungira zinthu zosiyanasiyana. Mutha kuchita izingakhale munthu wosadziwa zambiri, koma muyenera kugwiritsa ntchito malangizowo pang'onopang'ono.

Zomwe muyenera kupanga

Kuti mupange choyikapo zida ndi manja anu, muyenera kupeza zida ndi zida. Chofunika kwambiri ndi kukhalapo kwa matabwa a pine 50x100 mm, komanso plywood. Zida zotsatirazi ndizofunikanso:

  1. Roulette.
  2. Pencil.
  3. Level.
  4. Screwdriver, screwdriver.
  5. Zomangira zamatabwa.

Ponena za matabwa, mufunika kukonza zosoweka izi:

  1. Zovala zakumapeto ndi zoyambira zakunja zamashelefu opangidwa ndi paini. Pazonse, mufunika mizere isanu ndi umodzi yotalika 243.8 cm.
  2. Zingwe zopangira miyendo - zidutswa zitatu. Utali wa masilatiwa ukhale wofanana ndi kutalika kwa alumali pamwamba kwambiri.
  3. Zingwe zopangira zothandizira mu kuchuluka kwa zidutswa 9. Utali wa thabwa lililonse ukhale 30.5 cm.
  4. Plywood 40, 6x121, 9 cm popangira mashelufu oyika.

Pokhala ndi zida zonsezi, mutha kuyamba kupanga choyikapo zida mu garaja ndi manja anu.

Kupanga mashelufu osavuta

Dzichitireni nokha chida cham'manja

Ndipo tsopano tiyeni tipitirire kupanga kapangidwe kake. Muyenera kuchita izi:

  1. Choyamba, pangani zolembera pakhoma pamlingo wa maalumali. Onani ngati masanjidwewo ali opingasa pogwiritsa ntchito mulingo.
  2. Konzani ndi zomangira zazitali kukhoma la thabwalo, lomwe kutalika kwake ndi masentimita 243.8.mashelufu adzaikidwa pambuyo pake. Kutalika kwa mashelufu kumatsimikiziridwa paokha, zonse zimatengera zomwe musunga.
  3. Muli ndi matabwa atatu aatali kwambiri omwe atsala, akuyenera kulumikizidwa molondola momwe angathere ndi omwe akhazikitsidwa kale pakhoma. Pogwiritsa ntchito zomangira ziwiri kapena misomali iliyonse, muyenera kuyika zomangirazo kuti mungokonza malowo.
  4. Tengani matabwa omwe adzakhale ngati miyendo - ikani imodzi pakati ndi iwiri m'mphepete. Ayenera kulumikizidwa kokha ndi zingwe zapamwamba zokhala ndi zomangira zokha. Osagwiritsa ntchito zidutswa za 2-3 mu mgwirizano umodzi. Ngati mukufuna kusunga zinthu zolemera, muyenera kupanga mtunda pakati pa zothandizira osachepera 70 cm.
  5. Chotsani zomangira zowonjezera kuti mukonzere pama slats. Zotsatira zake, gawo lakutsogolo liyenera kukhala labwino kwambiri.
  6. Tsopano mukuyenera kukonza mabowo amthumba pa masilati asanu ndi anayi pogwiritsa ntchito chida chapadera.
  7. Mangitsani matabwa okhala ndi mabowo amthumba m'makona akumanja ku matabwa opingasa.
  8. Ikani mbali yakutsogolo ya choyikapo ndikumanga ndi zomangira zazitali. Ayenera kukulungidwa bwino m'mabowo am'thumba ndi zopingasa.
  9. Tsopano mangirirani zidutswa za plywood pa chimango.

Kumaliza sikofunikira, koma ngati mukufuna, thirani utoto angapo ndi vanishi. Izi sizingowonjezera maonekedwe, komanso zimawonjezera kwambiri moyo wa chinthucho.

Mapangidwe a Wheel

Chida choterechi chokhala ndi yakeNdiosavuta kupanga ndi manja, ndi zidziwitso zomwe tiyesera kuzilingalira. Ndibwino kwa iwo omwe alibe mwayi wokonza dongosolo lonse pakhoma. Zidzakhalanso zothandiza kwa iwo omwe akufuna mtundu wamtundu wa rack. Kuti mapangidwewo akhale otsika mtengo, ndi bwino kugwiritsa ntchito nkhuni monga maziko. Pine ndi yabwino - ndiyosavuta kugwira ntchito, yokhazikika komanso yamphamvu.

Zomwe mukufunikira kuti mupange cholumikizira cham'manja

Kuti mudzipangire nokha chipika cha m'manja, muyenera kukhala ndi izi:

  • matabwa okhala ndi gawo la 50x150 mm ndi kutalika kwa 2438 mm - mu kuchuluka kwa ma PC 15;
  • matabwa okhala ndi gawo la 50x100 mm ndi kutalika kwa 2438 mm - 4 pcs;
  • zinthu zokhala ndi gawo la 25x50 mm ndi kutalika kwa 1828 mm - 10 pcs;
  • mabokosi 25x50 mm ndi kutalika 2438 mm - 2 pcs;
  • bolodi 50x50 mm;
  • dowels;
  • zitsulo zitsulo 1708 mm - 4 pcs;
  • mabulaketi apakona - 4 ma PC;
  • mipando zitsulo mawilo osachepera 10 masentimita awiri - 4 ma PC;
  • 50 mm zomangira.
Pangani chida choyikapo

Mufunikanso zipangizo zotsatirazi:

  • sandpaper;
  • zomatira pa ukalipentala;
  • putty;
  • primer pa nkhuni;
  • penti kapena vanishi.

Mufunikanso chida chopangira mabowo m'thumba, kubowola, mlingo, rula ndi tepi muyeso, pensulo, sikweya, saw, chopukusira.

Zigawo zodula

Mufunika musanapangechitani nokha chida cha plywood, dulani zinthuzo molingana ndi mndandandawu:

  1. Pa mashelufu mumafunika matabwa 15 okhala ndi gawo la 50x152 mm ndi kutalika kwa 1645 mm.
  2. Mu kuchuluka kwa zidutswa 10, zigawo zomaliza za maalumali - gawo 25x50 mm, kutalika 1683 mm.
  3. Zinthu zam'mbali zamashelefu - gawo 25x50 mm, kutalika 419 mm. Mufunikanso zidutswa 10.
  4. Njanji zam'mbali - 50x50 mm, kutalika 279 mm. Akufunikanso zidutswa 10.
  5. Nsanamira zam'mbali zoyima - matabwa 4 okhala ndi gawo la 50x100 mm ndi utali wa 1918 mm.
  6. Ndodo zachitsulo - zidutswa 4 za 1708 mm chilichonse.

Njira yopangira shelufu yam'manja

Mufunika kupanga mashelufu asanu ofanana, iliyonse ikhale ndi zinthu 7. Nkhaniyi ili ndi zithunzi za rack za zida. Ndi manja anu, kuti mupange mawonekedwe oyenda, muyenera kupanga mabowo m'thumba mu matabwa. Ndiye muyenera kusonkhanitsa mizere itatu pamodzi ndi zomangira ndi zomatira, zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito pazolumikizana. Onetsetsani kuti mwachotsa guluu wowonjezera nthawi yomweyo, apo ayi zitha kukhala zovuta mukaumitsa.

Pangani choyikapo zida

Zojambula zikuwonetsa kapangidwe ka bokosi la mabuku. Malingana ndi izo, mukhoza kupanga mapangidwe ofanana a sitolo ya zida. Cholekanitsacho chingagwiritsidwe ntchito kulekanitsa chida chimodzi ndi china.

Zosintha zina zopangira choyika chamafoni:

  1. Mmbali zazifupi, ikani matabwa 41.9 cm utali ndi 25x50 mm m'chigawo. Kuti mugwirizane, muyenera kugwiritsa ntchito glue ndi zomangira. Mofananamomuyenera kulumikiza mapeto n'kupanga yaitali ndi maalumali. Pambuyo pake, mutha kusonkhanitsa zitsulo zam'mbali pogwiritsa ntchito matabwa 1918 mm kutalika ndi 50x100 mm mugawo.
  2. Khomerezani mabowo m'thumba pa matabwa aafupi ndikujowina ndi zomangira zodzigunda nokha ndi guluu wamatabwa. Mukapanga maulumikizidwe, muyenera kusankha malo abwino kwambiri a ndodo yoletsa zitsulo. Kwa izo, muyenera kukonzekera kudzera mabowo. Muyenera kubowola mosamala momwe mungathere, kutali ndi m'mphepete mwa bala. Apo ayi, nkhuni zikhoza kuthyoka.
  3. Sonkhanitsani choyikapo, muyenera kuyamba ndikuyika mashelefu apamwamba ndi apansi. Kenako, nayenso, angagwirizanitse pafupifupi. Gwiritsani ntchito zomangira ndi zomatira kuti mugwirizane. Ndiye muyenera kukhazikitsa ndodo zachitsulo m'malo oyenera. Lingani ndi mtedza.
  4. M'malo omangirira ndi zomangira, muyenera kudzaza zopuma ndi putty kuti muchepetse pamwamba momwe mungathere. Pogwiritsa ntchito sandpaper kapena chopukusira, chotsani zotsalira zonse za putty, ndipo ngati pali zolakwika zazikulu pamwamba pa nkhuni, ziyenera kuchotsedwanso. Sikoyenera kupanga malo athyathyathya pachoyikapo. Koma muyenera kuganizira kuti kapangidwe kake kamakhala koyenda, chifukwa chake, kuyenera kukhala kotetezeka kugwiritsa ntchito.
  5. Pambuyo pake, chotsani fumbi ndikuyikapo zodzitetezera ku nkhuni (tsinga lidzachita). Siyani kuti ziume.
  6. Ngati mukufuna, mutha kupanga varnish pamitengo. Mankhwalawa si ofunikira, koma amatha kuteteza zinthuzo ku chinyezi, kusintha kwa kutentha, ndi zina zotero. Siyani rack kwa kanthawi kuti varnishyouma.
  7. Pakona zapansi ndi kumtunda kwa chinthucho, gwiritsani ntchito kubowola ndi zomangira kuti muyike zitsulo.
  8. Ikani chomangacho pansi. Mawilo akumipando yachitsulo pansi (pamakona) ndi zomangira.
Chida choyikapo

Bukhuli likulolani kuti musonkhane nokha osati mashelufu, omwe angakhale osavuta kusungiramo zida ndi zida, koma chinthu cham'kati mwa garaja chosunthika. Ngati mukufuna, mutha kusintha zina. Ndipo choyikapo choterechi chikhoza kuyikidwa muofesi, pabalaza, khitchini yachilimwe.

Kupanga shelufu yachiyikapo

Ngati mumagwiritsa ntchito zida pafupipafupi, zimakhala zosavuta kugwiritsa ntchito chotchingira chotsegula. Mukamagwira ntchito, simuyenera kuyang'ana kiyi yoyenera kapena mtedza, zidzakhala zokwanira kuti mufike ku chida choyenera. Mutha kupeza mitundu yosiyanasiyana - yosavuta komanso yovuta.

Dzichitireni nokha plywood chida choyikapo

Ngati choyikapo chida (chithunzi chomwe chili m'nkhaniyi) chagwiritsidwa ntchito kutali ndi msonkhano, mutha kuyiyikapo zitseko. Chotsatira chake ndi mapangidwe okondweretsa omwe angakutumikireni kwa zaka zambiri. Koma tsopano tiyeni tiwone momwe tingapangire shelufu yoyikapo.

Zida ndi zida zopangira mashelufu rack

Kuti mupange rack chida ndi manja anu, muyenera kupeza zipangizo ndi zipangizo zotsatirazi:

  1. Piano malupu - 2 ma PC, kutalika 762mm
  2. zingwe zamaginito - 2 ma PC
  3. Zotengera zapulasitiki (ziyenera kukhala zofanana) - 12 ma PC. Iliyonse imakhala pafupifupi 279x127x127 mm.
  4. Plywood - chidutswa chimodzi 200x100x19 mm, chachiwiri 200x100x6 mm.
  5. Perforated panel 200x100x6 mm – 1 pc.
  6. Makina opangira pocket hole.
  7. Zomangira, zomangira, zomangira.
  8. Guu lamatabwa.
  9. Kubowola kwamagetsi, screwdriver.
  10. Kudula ndi macheka ozungulira.
  11. Roulette, rula.
  12. Pencil.

Ndikofunikiranso kupeza zida zodzitetezera - magalasi, makina opumira, zomangira m'makutu.

Malangizo opangira shelufu yotchinga

Chida cha DIY

Kuti mupange chida cha DIY, muyenera kutsatira malangizo osavuta:

  1. Choyamba muyenera kukonzekera grooves pazambiri zonse za gawo lalikulu la kapangidwe kake kuti mukhale ndi gawo lopindika. Komanso pazitseko zomangira mapanelo a perforated, pazigawo zowongoka za chipinda chapansi (pamene magawo ogawa amayikidwa). Mizere iyenera kukhala pafupifupi 6 mm kuya kwake. Mukayikamo mpeni wa chida, muyenera kuyang'ana zosintha zolondola pamtengo waung'ono.
  2. Kuti muchepetse kuonongeka kwa plywood pamene mukudula ma grooves, muyenera kuyika tepi podula.
  3. Gwiritsirani ntchito zomangira ndi zomatira zamatabwa kuti mulumikizane ndi chimango. Kuti mupewe kuwonongeka kwa matabwa ndi plywood, muyeneragwiritsani ntchito chipangizo chapadera - musanalumikize, muyenera kupanga mabowo am'thumba a zomangira.
  4. Tsopano ikani alumali pansi pogwiritsa ntchito zomatira ndi zomangira.
  5. Pambuyo pake, kupyola pamwamba, muyenera kuyika pepala lokhala ndi perforated mu grooves, lopaka mafuta kale ndi guluu wamatabwa.
  6. Gwiritsani ntchito mabowo amthumba kumangirira chophimba pamwamba.
  7. Mata kumapeto kwa magawo a chipinda chapansi ndi guluu, ndiyeno muyenera kuyika chilichonse m'malo mwake.
  8. Sonkhanitsani zidutswa zitatu mwa zitseko zinayi.
  9. Ikani mbale zong'ambika m'mabowo, pakani mfundozo ndi guluu wamatabwa.
  10. Mangitsani chinthu chomaliza pakhomo lililonse.
  11. Chongani ngati kutalika kwa mahinji olumikiza zitseko kumagwirizana. Sinthani kuti mahinji azifupi ndi 2-4 cm kuposa kutalika kwa chitseko.
  12. Bwererani 1-2 cm kuchokera m'mphepete, ikani mahinji pa zomangira. Gwirizanitsani mahinji ku sheluvu thupi.

Tsopano chosavuta chomwe chatsala ndikuyika zotengera zapulasitiki m'zipinda ndikupachika choyika pakhoma. Kenako mutha kudzaza momwe mukufunira.

Mutu Wodziwika